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Claims for Patent: 5,456,851

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Claims for Patent: 5,456,851

Title: Ketoconazole shampoo containing butylated hydroxytoluene or butylated hydroxyanisole
Abstract:A shampoo that contains ketoconazole, a surfactant, a foaming agent, thickener sufficient to give the final formulation a viscosity in the range of about 4,000 to about 9,000 cps at room temperature (i.e., about 20.degree.-25.degree. C.), preservative, butylated hydroxytoluene or butylated hydroxyanisole in an amount sufficient to retard degradation of the ketoconazole, and acid, base or buffer sufficient to give the final composition a pH in the range of from about 4 to about 10.
Inventor(s): Liu; Jue-Chen (Neshanick, NJ), Wang; Jonas C. T. (Robbinsville, NJ), Yusuf; Mohammed (Edison, NJ)
Assignee: Johnson & Johnson Consumer Products, Inc. (Skillman, NJ)
Application Number:08/224,382
Patent Claims: 1. An aqueous shampoo that contains ketoconazole in an amount within the range of from about 0.3 weight percent to about 3 weight percent, based on weight of the shampoo, to combat scaling due to dandruff, a surfactant, a foaming agent, thickener sufficient to give the final formulation a viscosity in the range of about 4,000 to about 9,000 cps at room temperature, an antioxidant in an amount from 0.01 to 1 weight percent selected from the group consisting of butylated hydroxytoluene and butylated hydroxyanisole to retard degradation of the ketoconazole, acid, base or buffer sufficient to give the shampoo a pH in the range of from about 4 to about 10 and preservative sufficient to retard degradation of the final composition.

2. The shampoo of claim 1 wherein the pH is in the range of from about 6.5 to about 8.

3. The shampoo of claim 2 wherein the pH is in the range of from about 6.9 to 7.4.

4. The shampoo of claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein the antioxidant is butylated hydroxytoluene employed in an amount of 0.1.+-.0.025 weight percent, based on weight of the shampoo.

5. The shampoo of claim 1 wherein the ketoconazole is employed in an amount within the range of from about 0.8 weight percent to about 2.0 weight percent, based on weight of the shampoo.

6. The shampoo of claim 5 wherein the ketoconazole is employed in an amount within the range of from about 0.9 weight percent to about 1.1 weight percent, based on weight of the shampoo.

7. A shampoo according to claim 1 comprising one or more surfactants selected from the group consisting of sodium C.sub.14-16 olefin sulfonates, sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium laureth sulfate, cocamidopropylamine oxide, lauramido diethanolamine, cocamidopropyl betaine, sodium cocoyl sarcosinate, disodium oleamido monoisopropanolamine sulfosuccinate, disodium cocamido monoisopropanolamine sulfosuccinate, disodium laureth sulfosuccinate, cocoamphocarboxy-glycinate, disodium oleamido monoethanolamine sulfosuccinate.

8. A shampoo according to claim 1 wherein the foaming agent is selected from the group of fatty acid mono- and di-alkanolamides consisting of cocamide monoethanolamine, cocamide diethanolamine, oleamide monoethanolamine and oleamide diethanolamine.

9. A shampoo according to claim 1 that additionally contains polyquaternium-7 as a conditioner.

10. A shampoo according to claim 1 further comprising one or more pearlizing agents selected from the group consisting of ethylene glycol distearate and ethylene glycol monostearate.

11. A shampoo according to claim 1 further comprising one or more fragrances and one or more colorants.

12. A shampoo according to claim 1 comprising by weight based on the total weight of the formulation approximately:

(a) 36% to 45% surfactants,

(b) 2% to 6% foaming agent,

(c) 0.3% to 3% ketoconazole,

(d) 0.2% to 1.3% thickener,

(e) 0.1% to 1% butylated hydroxytoluene antioxidant;

(f) preservatives sufficient to retard degradation of the final composition,

(g) acid, base or buffer to yield a pH in the range of from 6.9 to 7.4, and

(h) water QS ad 100%.

13. A shampoo according to claim 12 comprising by weight based on the total weight of the formulation approximately:

(a) 36% to 45% surfactants,

(b) 2% to 6% foaming agent,

(c) 0.3% to 3% ketoconazole,

(d) 0.4% to 8% conditioner,

(e) 0.2% to 1.3% thickener,

(f) 1% to 1.5% pearlizing agent,

(g) 0.5% to 1% preservative(s),

(h) 0.1.+-.0.025% butylated hydroxtoluene antioxidant,

(i) acid, base or buffer to yield a pH in the range of 6.9 to 7.4,

(j) fragrance(s) and colorant(s), and

(k) water QS ad 100%.

14. A process of preparing a shampoo formulation that contains ketocanazole in an amount within the range of from about 0.3 weight percent to about 3 weight percent, based on weight of the shampoo to combat scaling due to dandruff, a surfactant, a foaming agent, thickener sufficient to give the final formulation a viscosity in the range of about 4,000 to about 9,000 cps at room temperature, an antioxidant in an amount from 0.01 to 1 weight percent selected from the group consisting of butylated hydroxytoluene and butylated hydroxyanisole to retard degradation of the detoconazole, acid, base or buffer sufficient to give the shampoo a pH in the range of from about 4 to about 10, and preservative sufficient to retard degradation of the final composition, said process comprising the steps of:

(a) heating a solution of thickener and deionized water,

(b) mixing the surfactants, the foaming agent and optionally the pearlizing agent with the solution of (a),

(c) mixing the butylated hydroxytoluene or butylated hydroxyanisole with the solution of (b),

(d) mixing the antifungal ketoconazole with the solution of (c),

(e) allowing the solution of (d) to cool somewhat and mixing therewith the preservative(s) and the sodium chloride for thickening, and optionally the conditioner, the fragrance(s) and colorant(s),

(f) adding acid, base or buffer to the solution of (e) to yield a pH in the range of 4 to 10, and

(g) adding deionized water to the solution of (f) to 100%.
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