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Claims for Patent: 5,424,078

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Claims for Patent: 5,424,078

Title: Aqueous ophthalmic formulations and methods for preserving same
Abstract:Stabilized chlorine dioxide is a preservative for ophthalmic formulations. The stabilized chlorine dioxide, when employed as a preservative ophthalmic formulations is preferably present in an amount of from about 0.0002 or about 0.002 to about 0.02 weight/volume percent. The aqueous ophthalmic formulations, in addition to the stabilized chlorine dioxide and the water which functions as a vehicle for the formulations, contains an ophthalmically acceptable tonicity component effective to maintain the osmolality of the formulation at least about 200 mOsmol/kg, and a buffer to maintain the pH of the ophthalmic formulation within an acceptable physiological range. A method for preserving aqueous ophthalmic formulations utilizing stabilized chlorine dioxide is also set forth.
Inventor(s): Dziabo; Anthony J. (El Toro, CA), Ripley; Paul S. (Irvine, CA)
Assignee: Allergan, Inc. (Irvine, CA)
Application Number:07/694,640
Patent Claims: 1. A method for preserving an aqueous ophthalmic formulation so as to enhance the shelf life thereof comprising incorporating into said aqueous ophthalmic formulation stabilized chlorine dioxide in an amount effective to act as the sole preservative in said aqueous ophthalmic formulation, at least one ophthalmically acceptable buffer component in an amount effective to maintain said aqueous ophthalmic formulation at a pH in the range of about 6.8 to about 8, and at least one ophthalmically acceptable tonicity component in an amount effective to maintain said aqueous ophthalmic formulation at an osmolality of at least about 200 mOsmol/kg, provided that said aqueous ophthalmic formulation is ophthalmically acceptable and no germicidally effective amounts of any positively charged, nitrogen-containing cationic polymers are incorporated into said aqueous ophthalmic formulation.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein said stabilized chlorine dioxide is present in said aqueous ophthalmic formulation in an amount in the range of about 0.0002 to about 0.02 weight/volume percent.

3. The method of claim 1 wherein said stabilized chlorine dioxide is present in said aqueous ophthalmic formulation in an amount in the range of about 0.004 to about 0.01 weight/volume percent.

4. The method of claim 1 wherein said at least one ophthalmically acceptable buffer component is present in an amount effective to maintain said aqueous ophthalmic formulation at a pH in the range of about 7 to about 7.5.

5. The method of claim 1 wherein said at least one ophthalmically acceptable tonicity component is present in an amount effective to maintain said aqueous ophthalmic formulation at an osmolality in the range of about 200 to about 400 mOsmol/kg.

6. The method of claim 1 wherein said aqueous ophthalmic formulation is a solution.

7. A method for preserving an aqueous ophthalmic solution so as to enhance the shelf life thereof comprising incorporating into said aqueous ophthalmic solution stabilized chlorine dioxide in an amount effective to act as the sole preservative in said aqueous ophthalmic solution in the range of about 0.002 to about 0.02 weight/volume percent, at least one ophthalmically acceptable buffer component in an amount effective to maintain said aqueous ophthalmic solution at a pH in the range of about 6.8 to about 8, and at least one ophthalmically acceptable tonicity component in an amount effective to maintain said aqueous ophthalmic solution at an osmolality in the range of about 200 to about 400 mOsmol/kg, provided that said aqueous ophthalmic solution is ophthalmically acceptable and substantially no germicidally effective amounts of any positively charged, nitrogen-containing cationic polymers are incorporated into said aqueous ophthalmic solution.

8. A preserved ophthalmic formulation comprising an ophthalmically acceptable aqueous medium and, included therein, stabilized chlorine dioxide in an amount effective to act as the sole preservative in said ophthalmically acceptable aqueous medium, at least one ophthalmically acceptable buffer component in an amount effective to maintain said ophthalmically acceptable aqueous medium at a pH in the range of about 6.8 to about 8, and at least one ophthalmically acceptable tonicity component in an amount effective to maintain said ophthalmically acceptable aqueous medium at an osmolality of at least about 200 mOsmol/kg, provided that said preserved ophthalmic formulation is ophthalmically acceptable and is free of germicidally effective amounts of any positively charged, nitrogen-containing cationic polymers.

9. The preserved ophthalmic formulation of claim 8 wherein said stabilized chlorine dioxide is present in said preserved ophthalmic formulation in an amount in the range of about 0.0002 to about 0.02 weight/volume percent.

10. The preserved ophthalmic formulation of claim 8 wherein said stabilized chlorine dioxide is present in said preserved ophthalmic formulation in an amount in the range of about 0.004 to about 0.01 weight/volume percent.

11. The preserved ophthalmic formulation of claim 8 wherein said at least one ophthalmically acceptable tonicity component is selected from the group consisting of alkali metal chlorides and alkaline earth metal chlorides and mixtures thereof.

12. The preserved ophthalmic formulation of claim 8 wherein said at least one ophthalmically acceptable tonicity component comprises sodium chloride.

13. The preserved ophthalmic formulation of claim 8 wherein said at least one ophthalmically acceptable tonicity component comprises an alkaline earth metal salt selected from the group consisting of calcium chloride and magnesium chloride and mixtures thereof.

14. The preserved ophthalmic formulation of claim 8 wherein said at least one buffer component is selected from the group consisting of potassium phosphates, boric acid, sodium borate, sodium phosphates and mixtures thereof.

15. The preserved ophthalmic formulation of claim 8 wherein said at least one ophthalmically acceptable buffer component is present in an amount effective to maintain said ophthalmically acceptable aqueous medium at a pH in the range of about 7 to about 7.5.

16. The preserved ophthalmic formulation of claim 8 wherein said at least one ophthalmically acceptable tonicity component is present in an amount effective to maintain said ophthalmically acceptable aqueous medium at an osmolality in the range of about 200 to about 400 mOsmol/kg.

17. The preserved ophthalmic formulation of claim 8 which is a solution.

18. A preserved ophthalmic solution comprising an ophthalmically acceptable aqueous solution and, included therein, stabilized chlorine dioxide in an amount effective to act as the sole preservative in said ophthalmically aqueous acceptable solution in the range of about 0.002 to about 0.02 weight/volume percent, at least one ophthalmically acceptable buffer component in an amount effective to maintain said ophthalmically acceptable aqueous solution at a pH in the range of about 6.8 to about 8, and at least one ophthalmically acceptable tonicity component in an amount effective to maintain said ophthalmically acceptable aqueous solution at an osmolality in the range of about 200 to about 400 mOsmol/kg, provided that said preserved ophthalmic solution is ophthalmically acceptable and is free of germicidally effective amounts of any positively charged, nitrogen-containing polymers.
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