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Claims for Patent: 5,352,459

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Claims for Patent: 5,352,459

Title: Use of purified surface modifiers to prevent particle aggregation during sterilization
Abstract:This invention discloses a composition comprised of nanoparticles having a purified polymeric surfactant as a surface modifier adsorbed on the surface thereof and a cloud point modifier associated therewith, which cloud point modifier is present in an amount sufficient to increase the cloud point of the surface modifier. Preferred purified polymeric surfactants are purified polyalkyleneoxide substituted ethylenediamine surfactants. A preferred cloud point modifier is polyethylene glycol. This invention further discloses a method of making nanoparticles having a purified polymeric surfactant as a surface modifier adsorbed on the surface and a cloud point modifier associated therewith, comprised of contacting said nanoparticles with the cloud point modifier for a time and under conditions sufficient to increase the cloud point of the surface modifier.
Inventor(s): Hollister; Kenneth R. (Chester Springs, PA), Ladd; David (Wayne, PA), McIntire; Gregory L. (West Chester, PA), Na; George C. (Fort Washington, PA), Rajagopalan; Natarajan (Phoenixville, PA), Yuan; Barbara O. (Villanova, PA)
Assignee: Sterling Winthrop Inc. (New York, NY)
Application Number:07/991,639
Patent Claims: 1. A composition comprised of 0.1-60% by weight of nanoparticles consisting of therapeutic or diagnostic agent having 0.1-90% by weight of a purified noncrosslinked polymeric surfactant containing less than 15% impurities as a surface modifier adsorbed on the surface thereof and 0.01-20% by weight of a cloud point modifier associated with said polymeric surfactant and said therapeutic or diagnostic agent.

2. The composition of claim 1 wherein said nanoparticles contain a diagnostic agent.

3. The composition of claim 2 wherein said diagnostic agent is the ethyl ester of diatrizoic acid.

4. The composition of claim 1 wherein said purified polymeric surfactant is a purified polyalkyleneoxide substituted ethylenediamine surfactant.

5. The composition of claim 1 wherein said cloud point modifier is polyethylene glycol.

6. The composition of claim 1 wherein said cloud point modifier increases the cloud point of said surface modifier above 121.degree. C.

7. A method for making the composition of claim 1 comprised of contacting said nanoparticles having said polymeric surfactant adsorbed on the surface thereof with said cloud point modifier.

8. The method of claim 7 further comprising the step of sterilizing said nanoparticle.

9. The method of claim 8 wherein said sterilizing is by steam heat autoclaving.
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