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Claims for Patent: 5,089,509

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Claims for Patent: 5,089,509

Title: Disubstituted acetylenes bearing heteroaromatic and heterobicyclic groups having retinoid like activity
Abstract:Retinoid-like activity is exhibited by compounds of the formula ##STR1## where X is S, O, or NR' where R' is hydrogen or lower alkyl; R is hydrogen or lower alkyl; A is pyridyl, thienyl, furyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl or pyrazinyl; n is 0-2; and B is H, --COOH or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, ester or amide thereof, --CH.sub.2 OH or an ether or ester derivative, or --CHO or an acetal derivative, or --COR.sub.1 or a ketal derivative where R.sub.1 is --(CH.sub.2).sub.m CH.sub.3 where m is 0-4, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Inventor(s): Chandraratna; Roshantha A. S. (El Toro, CA)
Assignee: Allergan, Inc. (Irvine, CA)
Application Number:07/326,191
Patent Claims: 1. A compound of the formula ##STR11## where X is S or O; R is hydrogen or lower alkyl; R.sub.2 is methyl; A is pyridyl; n is 0-2; and B is H, --COOH or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or an ester thereof with a saturated aliphatic alcohol of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or with a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic alcohol of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or with phenol or with a lower alkylphenol, or an amide or a mono or disubstituted amide thereof, the substituents on the amide being selected from a group consisting of saturated aliphatic radicals of ten or fewer carbon atoms, cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic radicals of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, and phenyl or lower alkylphenyl radicals, or B is CH.sub.2 OH or an ester derivative thereof derived from a saturated aliphatic acid of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or from a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic acid of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or from benzoic acid, or an ether derivative thereof derived from a saturated aliphatic radical of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or from a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic radical of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or from phenyl or lower alkylphenyl radical, or B is --CHO or a lower alkyl acetal derivative thereof, or an acetal derivative thereof formed with a lower alkyl diol, or B is --COR.sub.1 or a lower alkyl ketal derivative thereof, or a ketal derivative thereof formed with a lower alkyl diol, where R.sub.1 is --(CH.sub.2).sub.m CH.sub.3 where m is 0-4, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of the compound defined in said formula.

2. A compound of claim 1 where X is S, R is hydrogen, and n is 0 or 1.

3. A compound of claim 2 where B is --COOH or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, lower alkyl ester or mono- or di-lower alkyl amide thereof.

4. Ethyl 6-(2-(4,4-dimethylthiochroman-6-yl)ethynyl)nicotinate.

5. 6-(2-(4,4-dimethylthiochroman-6-yl)ethynyl)nicotinic acid or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

6. A compound of the formula ##STR12## where n is 0 or 1 and where B is --CH.sub.2 OH or a lower alkyl ether or lower alkyl acid ester thereof.

7. A compound of claim 6 which is 6-(2-(4,4-dimethylthiochroman-6-yl)-ethynyl)-3-pyridylmethanol.

8. A compound of claim 2 where B is --CHO or an acetal derivative thereof.

9. A compound of claim 8 which is 2-(2-(4,4-dimethylthiochroman-6-yl)-ethynyl)-5-pyridinecarboxaldehyde.

10. A compound of the formula ##STR13## where R is lower alkyl, n is 0 or 1, and B is H, --COOH or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or an ester thereof with a saturated aliphatic alcohol of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or with a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic alcohol of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or with phenol or with a lower alkylphenol, or an amide or a mono or di-substituted amide thereof, the substituents on the amide being selected from a group consisting of saturated aliphatic radicals of ten or fewer carbon atoms, cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic radicals of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, and phenyl or lower alkylphenyl radicals, or B is CH.sub.2 OH or an ester derivative thereof derived from a saturated aliphatic acid of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or from a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic acid of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or from benzoic acid, or an ether derivative thereof derived from a saturated aliphatic radical of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or from a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic radical of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or from phenyl or lower alkylphenyl radical, or B is --CHO or a lower alkyl acetal derivative thereof, or an acetal derivative thereof formed with a lower alkyl diol, or B is --COR.sub.1 or a lower alkyl ketal derivative thereof, or a ketal derivative thereof formed with a lower alkyl diol, where R.sub.1 is --(CH.sub.2).sub.m CH.sub.3 where m is 0-4, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of the compound defined in said formula.

11. A compound of claim 10 which is 6-(2-(4,4,7-trimethylthiochroman-6-yl)ethynyl)nicotinic acid or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

12. A compound of the formula ##STR14## where n is 0 or 1, and B is H, --COOH or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or an ester thereof with a saturated aliphatic alcohol of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or with a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic alcohol of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or with phenol or with a lower alkylphenol, or an amide or a mono or di-substituted amide thereof, the subtituents on the amide being selected from a group consisting of saturated aliphatic radicals of ten or fewer carbon atoms, cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic radicals of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, and phenyl or lower alkylphenyl radicals, or B is CH.sub.2 OH or an ester derivative thereof derived from a saturated aliphatic acid of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or from a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic acid of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or from benzoic acid, or an ether derivative thereof derived from a saturated aliphatic radical of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or from a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic radical of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or from phenyl or lower alkylphenyl radical, or B is --CHO or a lower alkyl acetal derivative thereof, or an acetal derivative thereof formed with a lower alkyl diol, or B is --COR.sub.1 or a lower alkyl ketal derivative thereof, or a ketal derivative thereof formed with a lower alkyl diol, where R.sub.1 is --(CH.sub.2).sub.m CH.sub.3 where m is 0-4, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of the compound defined in said formula.

13. A compound of claim 12 where B is --COOH or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, lower alkyl ester or mono- or di-lower alkyl amide thereof.

14. 6-(2-(4,4-dimethylchroman-6-yl)ethynyl)nicotinic acid or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

15. Ethyl 6-(2-(4,4-dimethylchroman-6-yl)ethynyl)nicotinate.

16. A compound of claim 12 where B is --CH.sub.2 OH or a lower alkyl ether or lower alkyl acid ester thereof.

17. A compound of claim 12 where B is --CHO or an acetal derivative thereof.

18. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient and a compound of the formula ##STR15## where X is S or O; R is hydrogen or lower alkyl; R.sub.2 is methyl; A is pyridyl; n is 0-2; and B is H, --COOH or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or an ester thereof with a saturated aliphatic alcohol of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or with a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic alcohol of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or with phenol or with a lower alkylphenol, or an amide or a mono or di-substituted amide thereof, the subtituents on the amide being selected from a group consisting of saturated aliphatic radicals of ten or fewer carbon atoms, cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic radicals of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, and phenyl or lower alkylphenyl radicals, or B is CH.sub.2 OH or an ester derivative thereof derived from a saturated aliphatic acid of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or from a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic acid of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or from benzoic acid, or an ether derivative thereof derived from a saturated aliphatic radical of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or from a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic radical of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or from phenyl or lower alkylphenyl radical, or B is --CHO or a lower alkyl acetal derivative thereof, or an acetal derivative thereof formed with a lower alkyl diol, or B is --COR.sub.1 or a lower alkyl ketal derivative thereof, or a ketal derivative thereof formed with a lower alkyl diol, where R.sub.1 is --(CH.sub.2).sub.m CH.sub.3 where m is 0-4, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of the compound defined in said formula.

19. A method of treating psoriasis in a mammal which method comprises administering alone or in conjunction with a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient, a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of the formula ##STR16## where X is S or O; R is hydrogen or lower alkyl; R.sub.2 is methyl; A is pyridyl; n is 0-2; and B is H, --COOH or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or an ester thereof with a saturated aliphatic alcohol of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or with a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic alcohol of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or with phenol or with a lower alkylphenol, or an amide or a mono or di-substituted amide thereof, the subtituents on the amide being selected from a group consisting of saturated aliphatic radicals of ten or fewer carbon atoms, cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic radicals of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, and phenyl or lower alkylphenyl radicals, or B is CH.sub.2 OH or an ester derivative thereof derived from a saturated aliphatic acid of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or from a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic acid of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or from benzoic acid, or an ether derivative thereof derived from a saturated aliphatic radical of ten or fewer carbon atoms, or from a cyclic or saturated aliphatic cyclic radical of 5 to 10 carbon atoms, or from phenyl or lower alkylphenyl radical, or B is --CHO or a lower alkyl acetal derivative thereof, or an acetal derivative thereof formed with a lower alkyl diol, or B is --COR.sub.1 or a lower alkyl ketal derivative thereof, or a ketal derivative thereof formed with a lower alkyl diol, where R.sub.1 is --(CH.sub.2).sub.m CH.sub.3 where m is 0-4, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of the compound defined in said formula.
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