.

Pharmaceutical Business Intelligence

  • Anticipate P&T budget requirements
  • Evaluate market entry opportunities
  • Find generic sources and suppliers
  • Predict branded drug patent expiration

► Plans and Pricing

Upgrade to enjoy subscriber-only features like email alerts and data export. See the Plans and Pricing

DrugPatentWatch Database Preview

Claims for Patent: 4,954,298

« Back to Dashboard

Claims for Patent: 4,954,298

Title: Method for producing microcapsule
Abstract:Microcapsules are advantageously produced with high take-up of a water-soluble drug by preparing a W/O emulsion composed of a water-soluble drug-containing solution as the inner aqueous phase and a polymer-containing solution as the oil phase, dispersing said emulsion in an aqueous phase and subjecting the resulting W/O/W emulsion to an in-water drying, wherein the viscosity of the W/O emulsion used in preparing the W/O/W emulsion is adjusted to about 150 to about 10,000 centipoises.
Inventor(s): Yamamoto; Masaki (Osaka, JP), Takada; Shigeyuki (Suita, JP), Ogawa; Yasuaki (Ibaraki, all, JP)
Assignee: Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd. (Osaka, JP)
Application Number:07/249,198
Patent Claims: 1. A method of producing sustained-release microcapsules for injection containing a water-soluble drug, which comprises preparing a W/O emulsion composed of a water-soluble drug-containing solution as the inner aqueous phase and a biodegradable polymer-containing solution as the oil phase, adjusting the viscosity of the W/O emulsion used in preparing the W/O/W emulsion to from about 150 to about 10,000 centipoises by the procedure of increasing the polymer concentration in the oil phase; adjusting the ratio of the aqueous phase to the oil phase; adjusting the temperature of said W/O emulsion; adjusting the temperature of the external aqueous phase; adjusting the temperature of the W/O emulsion with a line heater or cooler or the like in infusing the W/O emulsion into the external aqueous phase; or carrying out the above procedures in combination, dispersing said emulsion in an aqueous phase and subjecting the resulting W/O/W emulsion to an in-water drying to form microcapsules.

2. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the viscosity of the W/O emulsion in preparing the W/O/W emulsion is adjusted to about 150 to 5,000 centipoises.

3. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the viscosity of the W/O emulsion in preparing the W/O/W emulsion is adjusted to about 150 to about 10,000 centipoises by the manner of regulating the temperatures of (i) the W/O emulsion or (ii) both the W/O emulsion and the external aqueous phase to from about -20.degree. C. to the boiling point of the organic solvent used.

4. A method as claimed in claim 3, wherein the temperature is about 0.degree. C. to 30.degree. C.

5. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the polymer concentration in the oil phase is increased to about 10 to 80%.

6. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the ratio of the aqueous phase to the oil phase is adjusted to the range of about 1% to 50%.

7. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the water-soluble drug is a biologically active polypeptide.

8. A method as claimed in claim 7, wherein the biologically active polypeptide is (Pyr)Glu-His-Trp-Ser-Tyr-D-Leu-Leu-Arg-Pro-NH-C.sub.2 H.sub.5.acetate.

9. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the polymer is polylactic acid.

10. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the polymer is a copolymer of lactic acid and glycolic acid.

11. A method as claimed in claim 10, wherein the ratio of lactic acid:glycolic acid of the copolymer is about 75.+-.2 mole %: about 25.+-.2 mole %.

12. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the in-water drying is conducted by allowing the W/O/W emulsion to stand under stirring.

13. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the in-water drying is conducted by gradually reducing the pressure while stirring with a propeller-shaped stirrer, magnetic stirrer or rotary evaporator.

14. A method of preparing sustained-release, injectable microcapsules comprising the steps of (a) dispersing a water-soluble drug-containing, aqueous solution in a biodegradable polymer-containing organic solvent to form a W/O emulsion, (b) adjusting the viscosity of said W/O emulsion between 150 and 10,000 centipoises, (c) dispersing said W/O emulsion in a second aqueous solution to form a W/O/W emulsion, and (d) removing the organic solvent from said W/O/W emulsion by in-water drying to form microcapsules.

15. The method of claim 14, wherein said viscosity is adjusted between 150 and 5,000 centipoises.

16. The method of claim 14, wherein said viscosity is adjusted by regulating the temperature of the W/O emulsion between 0.degree. C. and 30.degree. C., adjusting the polymer concentration in the oil phase between 10% and 80%, by weight, and adjusting the ratio of the W/O emulsion between 1/100 and 1/2, by volume.

17. The method of claim 14, wherein the water-soluble drug is a biologically active polypeptide.

18. The method of claim 14, wherein the polymer is polylactic acid, or a copolymer of lactic acid and glycolic acid.

19. The method of claim 14, wherein the in-water drying is conducted by allowing the W/O/W emulsion to stand under stirring.

20. The method of claim 14, wherein the in-water drying is conducted by gradually reducing the pressure while stirring.
« Back to Dashboard

For more information try a trial or see the database preview and plans and pricing

Drugs may be covered by multiple patents or regulatory protections. All trademarks and applicant names are the property of their respective owners or licensors. Although great care is taken in the proper and correct provision of this service, thinkBiotech LLC does not accept any responsibility for possible consequences of errors or omissions in the provided data. The data presented herein is for information purposes only. There is no warranty that the data contained herein is error free. thinkBiotech performs no independent verifification of facts as provided by public sources nor are attempts made to provide legal or investing advice. Any reliance on data provided herein is done solely at the discretion of the user. Users of this service are advised to seek professional advice and independent confirmation before considering acting on any of the provided information. thinkBiotech LLC reserves the right to amend, extend or withdraw any part or all of the offered service without notice.

`abc