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|Title:||Drugs comprising porphyrins|
|Abstract:||To obtain tumor-selective, photosensitizing drugs useful in the localization of neoplastic tissue and treatment of abnormal neoplastic tissue such as tumors, one of two methods is used. In the first method, a hydrolyzed mixture of the products of reaction of hematoporphyrin with acetic acid and sulfuric acid is cycled through a microporous membrane system to exclude low molecular weight products. In the second method, drugs are synthesized or derived from other pyrrole compounds. The drugs: (1) include two covalently bound groups, each with four rings, some of which are pyrroles such as phlorins, porphyrins, chlorins, substituted pyrroles, substituted chlorins or substituted phlorins, each group being arranged in a ring structure, connected covalently to another group and have a triplet energy state above 37.5 kilocalories per mole; (2) are soluble in water, forming an aggregate of over 10,000 molecular weight in water and have an affinity for each other compared to serum protein such that 10 to 100 percent remain self aggregated in serum protein; and (3) are lipophyllic and able to disaggregate and attach to cell plasma, nuclear membrane, mitochondria, lysosomes and tissue. The drug obtained by the first method has an empirical formula of approximately C.sub.68 H.sub.70 N.sub.8 O.sub.11 or C.sub.68 H.sub.66 N.sub.8 O.sub.11 Na.sub.4.|
|Inventor(s):||Dougherty; Thomas J. (Grand Island, NY), Potter; William R. (Grand Island, NY), Weishaupt; Kenneth R. (Sloan, NY)|
|Assignee:||Health Research, Inc. (Buffalo, NY)|
1. A drug comprising:
a mixture of porphyrins;
at least some of the molecules of said porphyrin mixture having the molecular formula: ##STR10## said molecules with said formulae being fluorescent, photosensitizing, having the capability of localizing in and being retained in tumor tissue as compared to normal tissues, forming a high molecular weight aggregate with adsorption peaks in the visible spectrum in water at approximately 365, 505, 537, 575 and 615 nanometers, adsorption peaks in the infrared spectrum at approximately 3.0, 3.4, 6.4, 7.1, 8.1, 9.4, 12 and 15 microns, adsorption peaks in carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance study at approximately 9.0, 18.9, 24.7, 34.5, 62, 94.5, 130-145, 171.7 ppm and possibly 118 and 127 relative to a 37.5 ppm resonance peak of dimethyl sulfoxide and additional adsorption peaks in carbon-13 nuclear magnetic study at approximately 27.9 ppm and 68.4 ppm relative to the resonance peak of tetramethylsilane in deuterated chloroform solvent; and
at least 50 percent of the porphyrins in said mixture being of said molecule having said molecular formula.
2. A drug in accordance with claim 1 wherein said molecule shows mass numbers of 1899, 1866, 1809, 1290, 1200, 609, 591, 219 and 149 according to fast atom bombardment mass spectroscopy.
3. A drug in accordance with claim 2 wherein said mixture is in liquid form having a concentration of approximately 2.5 mg/cc.
4. A drug in accordance with claim 3 wherein said liquid form includes isotonic saline solution at a pH of approximately 7.0 to 7.2.
5. A drug in accordance with claim 4 wherein the mixture is orange-red in color.
6. A process for the production and purification of the drug defined in claim 1, which comprises, reacting hematoporphyrin with acetic/sulfuric acids to form a solution, precipitating the crude product by neutralization in sodium acetate, dissolving the crude product with sodium hydroxide, adjusting the acidity of the solution to pH of 9.5 and passing the resultant impure solution through a porous membrane system to exclude low molecular weight by-products thereby effecting purification.
7. A process in accordance with claim 6 including adding sodium chloride to said impure solution to make the latter isotonic prior to passing it through said membrane system.
8. A process in accordance with claim 7 wherein a solution of said drug is prepared with a concentration of approximately 2.5 mg/cc and is adjusted to obtain said concentration by addition or removal of liquid.
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