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Claims for Patent: 4,205,086

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Claims for Patent: 4,205,086

Title: Method for the treatment of gallstones
Abstract:A method for the treatment of gallstones is disclosed herein which comprises perfusing adjacent the gallstones a liquid form of a physiologically-compatible mixture of fatty acids and/or alcohol esters of fatty acids. The mixture preferably comprises octanoic acid and decanoic acid, and the gylcerol esters thereof.
Inventor(s): Babayan; Vigen K. (Indianapolis, IN)
Assignee: Stokeley-Van Camp, Inc. (Indianapolis, IN)
Application Number:05/857,001
Patent Claims: 1. A method for gradually dissolving a cholesterol-containing gallstone in a patient which comprises perfusing adjacent the gallstone an effective amount of a liquid form of a physiologically-compatible compound selected from the group consisting of fatty acids, alcohol esters of fatty acids and mixtures of fatty acids and alcohol esters of fatty acids, said perfusion being performed to solubilize at least a portion of the gallstone.

2. The method of claim 1 in which the esters comprise fatty acid esters of compounds selected from the group consisting of mono, di and polyhydric alcohols.

3. The method of claim 2 in which the esters comprise mono, di and polyesters.

4. The method of claim 3 in which the compound comprises esters having from about 8 to about 10 carbon atoms.

5. The method of claim 4 in which the compound comprises glycerides of octanoic acid and decanoic acid.

6. The method of claim 4 in which the compound comprises glycerol mono-octanoate.

7. The method of claim 3 in which the compound comprises a mixture of fatty acids having from about 8 to about 10 carbon atoms and glycerides of fatty acids having from about 8 to about 10 carbon atoms.

8. The method of claim 7 in which the compound comprises a mixture of octanoic acid and glycerol mono-octanoate.

9. The method of claim 7 in which the compound comprises a mixture of octanoic acid, glycerol mono-octanoate, decanoic acid and glycerol mono-decanoate.

10. The method of claim 2 in which the compound comprises a mixture of fatty acids having from about 8 to about 10 carbon atoms and esters of fatty acids having from about 8 to about 10 carbon atoms.

11. The method of claim 1 in which the esters are of fatty acids having from about 8 to about 10 carbon atoms.

12. The method of claim 11 in which the compound comprises propylene glycol mono-octanoate.

13. The method of claim 11 in which the compound comprises ethanol mono-octanoate.

14. The method of claim 1 in which the fatty acids have from about 2 to about 12 carbon atoms.

15. The method of claim 14 in which the fatty acids have from about 8 to about 10 carbon atoms.

16. The method of claim 15 in which the esters are of fatty acids having from about 8 to about 10 carbon atoms.

17. The method of claim 16 in which the compound comprises a mixture of fatty acids and of alcohol esters of fatty acids.

18. The method of claim 17 in which the alcohol esters of fatty acids are glycerides.

19. A method for gradually dissolving a cholesterol-containing gallstone in a patient which comprises perfusing adjacent the gallstone an effective amount of a liquid form of a physiologically-compatible compound selected from the group consisting of glycerol mono-octanoate, octanoic acid, glycerol mono-decanoate, decanoic acid and combinations thereof, said profusion being performed to solubilize at least a portion of the gallstone.

20. A method for gradually dissolving a cholesterol-containing gallstone in a patient which comprises perfusing adjacent the gallstone an effective amount of a liquid form of a physiologically-compatible fatty acid ester of a compound selected from the group consisting of methanol, ethanol, propanol, butanol, ethylene glycol, butylene glycol, propylene glycol, glycerol and combinations thereof, said profusion being performed to solubilize at least a portion of the gallstone.

21. A method for gradually dissolving a cholesterol-containing gallstone in a patient which comprises perfusing adjacent the gallstone an effective amount of a liquid form of a physiologically-compatible compound selected from the group consisting of butyric acid, octanoic acid, decanoic acid, ethanol octanoate, butanol decanoate, ethylene glycol mono-octanoate, propylene glycol mono-octanoate, glycerol mono-octanoate, glycerol tri-octanoate, glycerol di-decanoate and combinations thereof, said profusion being performed to solubilize at least a portion of the gallstone.
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