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Last Updated: December 1, 2020

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Claims for Patent: 10,006,924

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Summary for Patent: 10,006,924
Title:Method for differentially diagnosing ACTH-dependent cushing's syndrome
Abstract: This invention provides for an improved method for differentially diagnosing ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome. Current practice for differentially diagnosing ectopic ACTH syndrome and Cushing's Disease measures relative ACTH concentrations from the inferior petrosal venous sinus compared to fluid obtained from a periphery venous sample. This is performed before and after administration of exogenous corticotropin releasing factor, or after administration of metyrapone. This invention uses glucocorticoid receptor antagonists to induce release of endogenous CRH which stimulates ACTH to increase in patients with ectopic ACTH syndrome but not in those with Cushing's Disease.
Inventor(s): Moraitis; Andreas G. (Menlo Park, CA)
Assignee: Corcept Therapeutics, Inc. (Menlo Park, CA)
Application Number:15/796,443
Patent Claims: 1. A method of concurrently treating Cushing's syndrome and obtaining a measurement indicative of differential diagnosis of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-dependent Cushing's syndrome in a patient where the differential diagnosis is between ectopic ACTH syndrome and Cushing's Disease, the method comprising the steps of: administering a dose of glucocorticoid receptor antagonist (GRA) to a patient with Cushing's syndrome and an elevated ACTH level, wherein the amount of GRA administered to said patient is sufficient to increase ACTH from the pituitary gland by at least two-fold in persons with normal Hypothalamus Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) function; then, at least two hours following said administration, removing from the patient a venous sample from an inferior petrosal sinus and a venous sample from a peripheral vein, and determining the ACTH concentration ratio from the patient, wherein the ACTH concentration ratio is derived from the ACTH concentrations in fluid obtained from either the left or right inferior petrosal venous sinus and from fluid obtained from a periphery venous sample; and determining the prolactin ratio from the patient, wherein the prolactin ratio is derived from the prolactin level measured in fluid obtained from either the left or right inferior petrosal sinus and from the prolactin level measured in fluid obtained from a peripheral vein, wherein both i) a prolactin ratio of greater than 1.8 for the prolactin level from the inferior venous sinus sample over the periphery venous sinus sample, and ii) an ACTH concentration ratio of greater than 3 for the ACTH concentration from the inferior venous sinus sample over the periphery venous sinus sample together is indicative of Cushing's disease.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein the periphery venous sample is a jugular venous sample.

3. The method of claim 1 wherein the ACTH concentration ratio is derived from the ACTH concentration obtained from the left and right inferior petrosal venous sinuses.

4. The method of claim 1 wherein the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist is a selective inhibitor of the glucocorticoid receptor.

5. The method of claim 1 wherein a first and second sampling of the ACTH concentrations are taken 5-10 minutes apart from both the inferior petrosal venous sinus and a periphery venous sample.

6. The method of claim 1, wherein the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist comprises a steroidal backbone with at least one phenyl-containing moiety in the 11-0 position of the steroidal backbone.

7. The method of claim 6 wherein the phenyl-containing moiety in the 11-13 position of the steroidal backbone is a dimethylaminophenyl moiety.

8. The method of claim 6 wherein the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist is mifepristone.

9. The method of claim 1, wherein the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist is selected from the group consisting of 11.beta.-(4-dimethylaminoethoxyphenyl)-17.alpha.-propynyl-17.beta.-hydrox- y-4,9 estradien-3-one and (17.alpha.)-17-hydroxy-19-(4-methylphenyl)androsta-4,9(11)-dien-3-one.

10. The method of claim 1, wherein the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist is (11.beta.,17.beta.)-11-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-17-hydroxy-17-(1-propyny- l)estra-4,9-dien-3-one.

11. The method of claim 1, wherein the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist has a non-steroidal backbone.

12. The method of claim 11, wherein the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist backbone is a cyclohexyl pyrimidine.

13. The method of claim 12, wherein the cyclohexyl pyrimidine has the following formula: ##STR00012## wherein the dashed line is absent or a bond; X is selected from the group consisting of O and S; R.sup.1 is selected from the group consisting of cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, aryl and heteroaryl, optionally substituted with from 1 to 3 R.sup.1a groups; each R.sup.1a is independently selected from the group consisting of H, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.2-6 alkenyl, C.sub.2-6 alkynyl, C.sub.1-6 alkoxy, C.sub.1-6 alkyl OR.sup.1b, halogen, C.sub.1-6 haloalkyl, C.sub.1-6 haloaloxy, OR.sup.1b, NR.sup.1bR.sup.1c, C(O)R.sup.1b, C(O)OR.sup.1b, OC(O)R.sup.1b, C(O)NR.sup.1bR.sup.1c, NR.sup.1bC(O)R.sup.1c, SO.sub.2R.sup.1b, SO.sub.2NR.sup.1bR.sup.1c, cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, aryl and heteroaryl; R.sup.1b and R.sup.1c are each independently selected from the group consisting of H and C.sub.1-6 alkyl; R.sup.2 is selected from the group consisting of H, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.1-6 alkyl-OR.sup.1b, C.sub.1-6 alkyl NR.sup.1bR.sup.1c and C.sub.1-6 alkylene heterocycloalkyl; R.sup.3 is selected from the group consisting of H and C.sub.1-6 alkyl; Ar is aryl, optionally substituted with 1-4 R.sup.4 groups; each R.sup.4 is independently selected from the group consisting of H, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.1-6 alkoxy, halogen, C.sub.1-6 haloalkyl and C.sub.1-6 haloalkoxy; L.sup.1 is a bond or C.sub.1-6 alkylene; and subscript n is an integer from 0 to 3, or salts thereof.

14. The method of claim 11, wherein the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist backbone is a fused azadecalin.

15. The method of claim 14, wherein the fused azadecalin is a compound having the following formula: ##STR00013## wherein L.sup.1 and L.sup.2 are members independently selected from a bond and unsubstituted alkylene; R.sup.1 is a member selected from unsubstituted alkyl, unsubstituted heteroalkyl, unsubstituted heterocycloalkyl, --OR.sup.1A, --NR.sup.1CR.sup.1D, --C(O)NR.sup.1CR.sup.1D, and --C(O)OR.sup.1A, wherein R.sup.1A is a member selected from hydrogen, unsubstituted alkyl and unsubstituted heteroalkyl, R.sup.1C and R.sup.1D are members independently selected from unsubstituted alkyl and unsubstituted heteroalkyl, wherein R.sup.1C and R.sup.1D are optionally joined to form an unsubstituted ring with the nitrogen to which they are attached, wherein said ring optionally comprises an additional ring nitrogen; R.sup.2 has the formula: ##STR00014## wherein R.sup.2G is a member selected from hydrogen, halogen, unsubstituted alkyl, unsubstituted heteroalkyl, unsubstituted cycloalkyl, unsubstituted heterocycloalkyl, --CN, and --CF.sub.3; J is phenyl; t is an integer from 0 to 5; X is --S(O.sub.2)--; and R.sup.5 is phenyl optionally substituted with 1-5 R.sup.5A groups, wherein R.sup.5A is a member selected from hydrogen, halogen, --OR.sup.5A1, S(O.sub.2)NR.sup.5A2R.sup.5A3, --CN, and unsubstituted alkyl, wherein R.sup.5A1 is a member selected from hydrogen and unsubstituted alkyl, and R.sup.5A2 and R.sup.5A3 are members independently selected from hydrogen and unsubstituted alkyl, or salts thereof.

16. The method of claim 11, wherein the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist backbone is a heteroaryl ketone fused azadecalin or an octahydro fused azadecalin.

17. The method of claim 16, wherein the heteroaryl ketone fused azadecalin has the formula: ##STR00015## wherein R.sup.1 is a heteroaryl ring having from 5 to 6 ring members and from 1 to 4 heteroatoms each independently selected from the group consisting of N, O and S, optionally substituted with 1-4 groups each independently selected from R.sup.1a; each R.sup.1a is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, halogen, C.sub.1-6 haloalkyl, C.sub.1-6 alkoxy, C.sub.1-6 haloalkoxy, CN, N-oxide, C.sub.3-8 cycloalkyl, and C.sub.3-8 heterocycloalkyl; ring J is selected from the group consisting of a cycloalkyl ring, a heterocycloalkyl ring, an aryl ring and a heteroaryl ring, wherein the heterocycloalkyl and heteroaryl rings have from 5 to 6 ring members and from 1 to 4 heteroatoms each independently selected from the group consisting of N, O and S; each R.sup.2 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, halogen, C.sub.1-6 haloalkyl, C.sub.1-6 alkoxy, C.sub.1-6 haloalkoxy, C.sub.1-6 alkyl-C.sub.1-6 alkoxy, CN, OH, NR.sup.2aR.sup.2b, C(O)R.sup.2a, C(O)OR.sup.2a, C(O)NR.sup.2aR.sup.2b, SR.sup.2a, S(O)R.sup.2a, S(O).sub.2R.sup.2a, C.sub.3-8 cycloalkyl, and C.sub.3-8 heterocycloalkyl, wherein the heterocycloalkyl groups are optionally substituted with 14 R.sup.2c groups; alternatively, two R.sup.2 groups linked to the same carbon are combined to form an oxo group (.dbd.O); alternatively, two R.sup.2 groups are combined to form a heterocycloalkyl ring having from 5 to 6 ring members and from 1 to 3 heteroatoms each independently selected from the group consisting of N, O and S, wherein the heterocycloalkyl ring is optionally substituted with from 1 to 3 R.sup.2d groups; R.sup.2a and R.sup.2b are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and C.sub.1-6 alkyl; each R.sup.2c is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, C.sub.1-6 alkoxy, C.sub.1-6 haloalkoxy, CN, and NR.sup.2aR.sup.2b; each R.sup.2d is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and C.sub.1-6 alkyl, or two R.sup.2d groups attached to the same ring atom are combined to form (.dbd.O); R.sup.3 is selected from the group consisting of phenyl and pyridyl, each optionally substituted with 1-4 R.sup.3a groups; each R.sup.3a is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, and C.sub.1-6 haloalkyl; and subscript n is an integer from 0 to 3; or salts thereof.

18. The method of claim 16, wherein the octahydro fused azadecalin has the formula: ##STR00016## wherein R.sup.1 is a heteroaryl ring having from 5 to 6 ring members and from 1 to 4 heteroatoms each independently selected from the group consisting of N, O and S, optionally substituted with 1-4 groups each independently selected from R.sup.1a; each R.sup.1a is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, halogen, C.sub.1-6 haloalkyl, C.sub.1-6 alkoxy, C.sub.1-6 haloalkoxy, N-oxide, and C.sub.3-8 cycloalkyl; ring J is selected from the group consisting of an aryl ring and a heteroaryl ring having from 5 to 6 ring members and from 1 to 4 heteroatoms each independently selected from the group consisting of N, O and S; each R.sup.2 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, halogen, C.sub.1-6 haloalkyl, C.sub.1-6 alkoxy, C.sub.1-6 haloalkoxy, C.sub.1-6 alkyl-C.sub.1-6 alkoxy, CN, OH, NR.sup.2aR.sup.2b, C(O)R.sup.2a, C(O)OR.sup.2a, C(O)NR.sup.2aR.sup.2b, SR.sup.2a, S(O)R.sup.2a, S(O).sub.2R.sup.2a, C.sub.3-8 cycloalkyl, and C.sub.3-8 heterocycloalkyl having from 1 to 3 heteroatoms each independently selected from the group consisting of N, O and S; alternatively, two R.sup.2 groups on adjacent ring atoms are combined to form a heterocycloalkyl ring having from 5 to 6 ring members and from 1 to 3 heteroatoms each independently selected from the group consisting of N, O and S, wherein the heterocycloalkyl ring is optionally substituted with from 1 to 3 R.sup.2c groups; R.sup.2a, R.sup.2b and R.sup.2c are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and C.sub.1-6 alkyl; each R.sup.3a is independently halogen; and subscript n is an integer from 0 to 3, or salts thereof.

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