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Last Updated: August 4, 2021

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CLINICAL TRIALS PROFILE FOR SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE

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All Clinical Trials for SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE

Trial ID Title Status Sponsor Phase Start Date Summary
NCT00004575 ↗ Effects of Miconazole on Blood Flow Completed National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Phase 1 2000-02-01 This study will investigate the effect of the drug miconazole on blood vessel dilation. Miconazole stops production of EDHF, a substance that causes arteries to dilate. EDHF is produced by the cells that line blood vessels. Normal volunteers between the ages of 21 to 60 may participate in this study. Candidates will be screened for eligibility with a medical history, physical examination, electrocardiogram and routine laboratory tests. Those enrolled will be injected with miconazole to study its effects on blood vessels. Study participants will take three aspirin tablets. After administration of a local anesthetic, small tubes will be inserted through a needle into the artery and vein of the forearm. These will be used to measure blood pressure and to draw blood samples during the study. Forearm blood flow will be measured using pressure cuffs placed on the wrist and upper arm, and a strain gauge (a rubber band device) placed around the forearm. When the cuffs are inflated, blood will flow into the arm, stretching the strain gauge, and the flow measurement will be recorded. Small doses of four drugs-bradykinin, sodium nitroprusside, miconazole, and LNMMA-will be given through the arterial catheter. Bradykinin stimulates the release of EDHF and can lower blood pressure. Sodium nitroprusside causes blood vessels to dilate and is used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. Miconazole is commonly prescribed to treat various infections, including vaginal yeast infections, jock itch and athlete's foot. In much higher doses, it is used to treat fungal infections that have spread to the lungs, brain, kidneys, or bladder. LNMMA inhibits production of nitric oxide, another substance produced by the lining cells of blood vessels. Blood flow will be measured throughout the study, which will last approximately 3 hours.
NCT00009581 ↗ Nitric Oxide to Improve Blood Flow in Sickle Cell Disease Completed National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) Phase 2 2001-01-01 Nitric oxide is important in regulating blood vessel dilation, and consequently, blood flow. This gas is continuously produced by cells that line the blood vessels. It is also transported from the lungs by hemoglobin in red blood cells. This study will examine how this gas regulates blood vessels and blood flow in people with sickle cell anemia. It will also look at a possible benefit of using certain genetic information to compare the white blood cells of people with sickle cell anemia to those without the disease. Patients with sickle cell anemia and healthy normal volunteers 18 to 65 years of age may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with a medical history, cardiovascular physical examination, electrocardiogram and routine blood tests. Participation of volunteers without sickle cell anemia will be limited to a single blood draw for genetic study. Sickle cell disease patients will undergo the following procedures: Patients will lie in a reclining chair during the study. After administration of a local anesthetic, small tubes will be inserted through a needle into the artery and vein of the patient's forearm. These are used to measure blood pressure and draw blood samples during the study. Forearm blood flow will be measured using pressure cuffs placed on the wrist and upper arm, and a strain gauge (a rubber band device) placed around the forearm. When the cuffs are inflated, blood flows into the arm, stretching the strain gauge, and the flow measurement is recorded. A small lamp will be positioned over the hand. Light reflected back from the hand provides information about nitric oxide and hemoglobin in the blood of the skin. A squeezing device called a dynamometer will be used to measure handgrip strength. Baseline blood flow, nitric oxide, hemoglobin, and handgrip will be measured after an infusion of glucose (sugar) and water. These measurements will be repeated at various times before, during and after administration of small doses of the following drugs: - Sodium nitroprusside - causes blood vessels to dilate and increases blood flow to the heart - Acetylcholine - causes blood vessels to dilate and slows heart rate - LNMMA - decreases blood flow by blocking the production of nitric oxide There will be a 20- to 30-minute rest period between injections of the different drugs. When the above tests are completed, the patient will breathe a mixture of room air and nitric oxide for 1 hour through a facemask placed over the face, after which forearm blood flow and light reflected from the hand will be measured. Then the patient will do the handgrip exercise for 5 minutes, after which blood flow and hand lamp measurements will be taken. After a 20-minute rest period (with continued breathing of room air/nitric oxide), L-NMMA will be infused again. The handgrip exercise, blood flow and hand lamp measurements will be repeated. The face mask will then be removed, and the tubes will be removed 20 minutes later. Blood samples will be collected at various times during the 5- to 6-hour study through the tubes in the arm. Some of the blood will be used to look at genes that make proteins involved in cell-to-cell communication, inflammation, and in making red and white blood cells stick to the lining of blood vessels.
NCT00072826 ↗ Atorvastatin Therapy to Improve Endothelial Function in Sickle Cell Disease Completed National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) Phase 1 2003-11-01 This study will examine the effects of oral atorvastatin on the linings of blood vessels in patients with sickle cell disease, plus the agent's effect on blood markers of inflammation and blood vessel function. Sickle cell disease is a recessive genetic disorder and the most common genetic disease affecting African Americans. Inherited are abnormal genes that make hemoglobin, the substance within red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the body. In the disease, sickle hemoglobin leads to rigidity or hardness of the red cells, causing obstruction in small blood vessels, inflammation, and injury to organs when the flow of blood to them is blocked. Some medications already prescribed for other diseases, such as atorvastatin, which is used for lowering cholesterol levels, can improve blood flow. Patients 18 to 65 years of age who have sickle cell disease, who have not had an acute pain episode within the previous week, and who are not pregnant or lactating may be eligible for this study. They will undergo a complete medical history; physical examination; baseline blood tests; and echocardiogram, in which an ultrasound wand is placed against the chest wall to get images inside the heart and blood vessels. In addition, patients will have blood flow studies. During the procedure, they will lie in an adjustable reclining chair for 5 to 6 hours. There will be 20- to 30-minute rests between specific activities and blood samples will be drawn intermittently for testing. Small tubes will be placed in the artery of the forearm at the inside of the elbow. Normal saline will be infused into one tube. A small pressure cuff will be applied to the wrist and a larger cuff to the upper arm. Both cuffs will be attached to an inflation device. A device like a rubber band, a strain gauge, will be placed around the widest part of the forearm. When the pressure cuffs are inflated, blood will flow into the arm, stretching the gauge proportion to blood flow, and information will be recorded. Then light reflected from the patients' hand and the blood flow in the forearm will be measured. Activity of the genes in the white blood cells will be measured as well. Small amounts of sodium nitroprusside, widely used to reduce blood pressure in people with dangerously high blood pressure, will be injected and blood flow will be measured. Later, small amounts of acetylcholine will be injected. It usually causes blood vessels to expand. After that, small amounts of L-NMMA will be injected. It usually decreases local blood flow by blocking the production of nitric oxide in the cells lining the arm's blood vessels. Then acetylcholine combined with L-NMMA will be injected. After that, oxypurinol, an agent taken by many patients to prevent gout, will be injected. The procedures will be repeated, with oxypurinol given along with each of the agents, and the measurement of blood flow in the forearm will be measured after each drug combination. Afterward, patients will be treated for 4 weeks at home with oral atorvastatin. They will be asked to visit the Clinical Center every 2 weeks for collection of blood samples and an examination. After 4 weeks of taking atorvastatin orally, they will be asked to return to repeat the blood flow studies, but only the first half will be conducted. The part using oxypurinol will not be needed. Regarding some of the blood samples collected during the study, there will be an examination of the genes found in the white blood cells. Specific attention will go to those genes that make proteins for cell-to-cell interaction and inflammation, plus those that cause blood cells to stick to the lining of blood vessels.
>Trial ID >Title >Status >Phase >Start Date >Summary

Clinical Trial Conditions for SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE

Condition Name

Condition Name for SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE
Intervention Trials
Healthy 5
Hypertension 4
Vasodilation 4
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Condition MeSH

Condition MeSH for SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE
Intervention Trials
Anemia, Sickle Cell 5
Hypertension 5
Myocardial Infarction 4
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Clinical Trial Locations for SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE

Trials by Country

Trials by Country for SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE
Location Trials
United States 60
Brazil 8
United Kingdom 8
China 4
Germany 3
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Trials by US State

Trials by US State for SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE
Location Trials
Maryland 8
New York 5
Texas 5
California 4
Pennsylvania 3
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Clinical Trial Progress for SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE

Clinical Trial Phase

Clinical Trial Phase for SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE
Clinical Trial Phase Trials
Phase 4 10
Phase 3 3
Phase 2 13
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Clinical Trial Status

Clinical Trial Status for SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE
Clinical Trial Phase Trials
Completed 27
Recruiting 11
Not yet recruiting 10
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Clinical Trial Sponsors for SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE

Sponsor Name

Sponsor Name for SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE
Sponsor Trials
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) 5
RenJi Hospital 3
Colorado State University 3
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Sponsor Type

Sponsor Type for SODIUM NITROPRUSSIDE
Sponsor Trials
Other 62
NIH 13
Industry 12
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