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Generated: February 22, 2019

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CLINICAL TRIALS PROFILE FOR PARAGARD T 380A

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Clinical Trials for Paragard T 380a

Trial ID Title Status Sponsor Phase Summary
NCT01147497 Misoprostol Prior to Intrauterine Device (IUD) Insertion in Nulliparous Women Completed Emory University N/A Because of misoprostol's known ability to cause cervical dilation, some family planning providers give their patients a dose of this drug prior to insertion. The goal of this study is to evaluate whether misoprostol prior to IUD insertion in nulliparous women eases insertion and decreases pain.
NCT01422226 Intra Uterine Device Insertion in Nulliparous Women Terminated University of Colorado, Denver N/A Over the last several years, more and more women are choosing intrauterine contraception (IUDs) to meet their birth control needs. The effectiveness of IUDs is very similar to tubal sterilization, with an overall unintended pregnancy rate of less than 1% in the first year, and lower failure rates in subsequent years. Intrauterine contraception has many attributes besides its effectiveness; it is easily reversible, has a low side-effect profile, and provides a long-term solution for contraception (10 years for the copper T380 and 5 years for the levonorgestrel IUD). In addition, using an IUD for birth control requires little on-going effort by the woman to be effective and offers immediate return to fertility with its removal. The biggest increase in users is among nulliparous women (women who have not had children), due to increased awareness of the safety of modern IUDs in this population, and the many benefits of the method. In fact, The copper IUD (Paragard) is now FDA approved for use in nulliparous women, and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports the use of both copper and levonorgestrel IUDs in nulliparous women. The cervix of a nulliparous woman has a smaller diameter which can lead to more difficult and uncomfortable IUD insertions. Many providers avoid offering IUDs to nulliparas because of fears that the procedure will be more difficult, and may require cervical dilation, placement of a paracervical nerve block, or placement under ultrasound guidance, none of which are standard for parous women. The medication misoprostol is a prostaglandin E1 analog. Because of misoprostol's known ability to cause cervical dilation, some family planning providers give their nulliparous patients a dose of this drug prior to IUD insertion. Misoprostol is commonly used to dilate the cervix for similar procedures as in first trimester abortions, hysteroscopy and endometrial biopsies. Its efficacy in cervical priming for IUD insertion is unknown, and some concern exists that uterine contractions caused by the drug may lead to device expulsion or displacement. In this study, the investigators propose to ask nulliparous women who have undergone contraceptive counseling and decided to use an IUD for birth control to be randomized to the use of misoprostol or placebo prior to their scheduled IUD placement.
NCT01594476 Early Postpartum Intrauterine Device (IUD) Placement Terminated Society of Family Planning Phase 4 Women who have just given birth are at high risk for rapid repeat pregnancy, which can lead to negative consequences during the subsequent pregnancy. Providers have traditionally delayed starting birth control, especially placement of intrauterine devices (IUDs), post-delivery for a number of reasons. The first postpartum visit after a woman has given birth is typically scheduled for 6 weeks after her delivery, during which she is typically provided with her chosen method of birth control. This study will evaluate two different IUD placement times: 3 weeks and 6 weeks after delivery. This will allow the researchers to determine if placement time affects a woman's follow-through obtaining the IUD and keeping it inserted in place. The researchers will also look at bleeding patterns and patient/provider satisfaction with the IUD placement
NCT01594476 Early Postpartum Intrauterine Device (IUD) Placement Terminated Oregon Health and Science University Phase 4 Women who have just given birth are at high risk for rapid repeat pregnancy, which can lead to negative consequences during the subsequent pregnancy. Providers have traditionally delayed starting birth control, especially placement of intrauterine devices (IUDs), post-delivery for a number of reasons. The first postpartum visit after a woman has given birth is typically scheduled for 6 weeks after her delivery, during which she is typically provided with her chosen method of birth control. This study will evaluate two different IUD placement times: 3 weeks and 6 weeks after delivery. This will allow the researchers to determine if placement time affects a woman's follow-through obtaining the IUD and keeping it inserted in place. The researchers will also look at bleeding patterns and patient/provider satisfaction with the IUD placement
NCT01664559 Pain Control for Intrauterine Device Placement: A Trial of Ketorolac Prior to Intrauterine Device Placement Completed Lynn Ngo N/A Intrauterine device (IUD) placement can be painful for patients during and after the procedure. Fear of pain from IUD insertion can be a barrier to obtaining this highly effective long acting reversible contraception. Currently there are no proven effective methods for reduction of pain during and after placement of modern IUDs (Mirena IUD and Paragard IUD). Ketorolac has not been studied in regards to decreasing pain during and after IUD insertion although it is used by some providers for this purpose. It is a strong NSAID that is indicated for the treatment of moderate acute pain. In the intramuscular form it has an analgesia onset of action at 30min, thus may be a plausible option for pain management in the office setting compared to oral NSAIDs, which have a longer time to onset of analgesia and have not been proven to be effective in reducing pain associated with IUD placement. The primary aim of this study is to determine whether ketorolac (Toradol) decreases pain associated with intrauterine device placement compared to placebo. We hypothesize that administration of ketorolac 30mg intramuscularly at least 30 minutes prior to IUD insertion will decrease pain scores by at least 20mm on a visual analog scale at various time points during IUD insertion when compared to placebo of normal saline injection.
NCT01873170 Quantification of Immune Cells in Women Using Contraception (CHIC II) Active, not recruiting University of Pittsburgh N/A This study is being done to understand if using birth control causes changes in the immune cells within the reproductive tract (including the cervix and the lining of the uterus) of healthy women. Immune cells are important because they help prevent infections from starting and help fight infections that have started. Immune cells are also the type of cells that HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infects so understanding more about them will help to better understand how to prevent the spread of HIV. Immune cells will be studied from the reproductive tract of women who want to start using one of the following contraceptives: an oral contraceptive pill (COC), Depo-Provera (DMPA), the levonorgestrel IUD (Mirena®), the copper IUD (ParaGard®), or the etonogestrel subdermal implant (Nexplanon®).Immune cells will also be studied from the reproductive tract of women who are not using birth control and who are not at risk of pregnancy for comparison.
NCT02067663 Comparison of the Levonorgestrel IUD and the Copper IUD Placed in the Immediate Postplacental Period: A Prospective Cohort Study Completed Society of Family Planning N/A The intrauterine device (IUD) is a safe, highly effective, long acting, and reversible form of contraception. The postpartum period is an important moment for contraceptive intervention; however there are many barriers to women obtaining birth control postpartum. The use of the IUD in the immediate postpartum setting offers many advantages and is considered safe, but the risk of expulsion appears to be higher than with interval insertion. Previous studies have shown the rate of expulsion of the copper IUD in the postplacental period to be in the range of 1-14% by 6-12 months, while the only study of the levonorgestrel IUD in the postplacental period documented a rate of expulsion of 24% by 12 months. While studies related to the copper IUD use ring forceps or the operator's hand for placement of the IUD, the only published study investigating immediate postplacental levonorgestrel IUD insertion utilized the manufacturer's inserter for IUD placement. The investigators therefore ask the question, is there a difference in expulsion rates between levonorgestrel and copper IUDs placed post-placentally when all providers undergo a standardized training, use a standardized insertion technique, and when patient level characteristics are controlled by randomization? The investigators propose to perform a prospective cohort trial comparing the rates of expulsion for the levonorgestrel and the copper IUD by 3 months postpartum when placed in the uterus within 10 minutes of the delivery of the placenta, using a standardized technique (placement with a ring forceps or the operator's hand) after all providers undergo a formal didactic and skills training. The investigators hypothesis is that the levonorgestrel IUD has a higher rate of expulsion as compared to the copper IUD. Additional objectives include a comparison of the rates of complete IUD expulsion, partial IUD expulsion, unrecognized expulsions, complications, IUD continuation, pregnancy, and satisfaction. Additionally, the investigators will document the natural history of the location of the IUD within the uterus when placed in the immediate postpartum period, utilizing ultrasound at 24 hours, 6 weeks, and 3 months postpartum, to better understand the relationship between position of the IUD and subsequent expulsion.
Trial ID Title Status Sponsor Phase Summary

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Clinical Trial Conditions for Paragard T 380a

Condition Name

Condition Name for Paragard T 380a
Intervention Trials
Contraception 6
Pain Control With IUD Insertion 1
Immune Cells (Mucosal and Systemic) 1
HIV 1
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Condition MeSH

Condition MeSH for Paragard T 380a
Intervention Trials
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Clinical Trial Locations for Paragard T 380a

Trials by Country

Trials by Country for Paragard T 380a
Location Trials
United States 7
Dominican Republic 1
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Trials by US State

Trials by US State for Paragard T 380a
Location Trials
Colorado 2
Utah 1
Pennsylvania 1
California 1
Oregon 1
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Clinical Trial Progress for Paragard T 380a

Clinical Trial Phase

Clinical Trial Phase for Paragard T 380a
Clinical Trial Phase Trials
Phase 4 1
Phase 3 1
Phase 2/Phase 3 1
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Clinical Trial Status

Clinical Trial Status for Paragard T 380a
Clinical Trial Phase Trials
Completed 4
Not yet recruiting 2
Terminated 2
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Clinical Trial Sponsors for Paragard T 380a

Sponsor Name

Sponsor Name for Paragard T 380a
Sponsor Trials
Society of Family Planning 2
University of Colorado, Denver 2
University of Pittsburgh 1
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Sponsor Type

Sponsor Type for Paragard T 380a
Sponsor Trials
Other 12
Industry 3
NIH 1
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Serving hundreds of leading biopharmaceutical companies globally:

Boehringer Ingelheim
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Mallinckrodt
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Fish and Richardson
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