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Pharmaceutical investing requires a level of attention to detail that is not as critical in less complex or less regulated industries. The pharmaceutical industry is under pressure to keep a lid on costs while pursuing bold research and development. To do both, pharmaceutical companies require the use of accurate forecasting models.
Forecasting models, naturally, are not perfect, and pharmaceutical forecasting is affected by more variables than most other industries. Clinical trial data is increasingly being used to inform pharmaceutical forecasting. For example, clinical trial data can be used to forecast new clinical indications, and is thus informative to the pharmaceutical investor.
The working assumption with clinical trials is that the drug will receive approval by regulating authorities, but that is not guaranteed. On the other hand, early stage market research does not always predict which drugs will become blockbusters, so the risk is offset to some extent by potentially big rewards. Accurate clinical forecasting can empower investors when it is used in sophisticated forecast models.
One problem, of course, is that pharmaceutical companies tend to want to keep clinical trial data proprietary. Yet widespread sharing of clinical trial data could benefit the entire industry. In fact, industry associations like the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) have publicly-accessible databases of trial results.
Acknowledgement by pharmaceutical companies of the importance of sharing trial data is not the same thing as willingness to actually share it. However, the use of Bayesian analysis is a more palatable option to many pharmaceutical manufacturers. Bayesian models estimate parameters of an distribution based on an observed distribution. They are valuable for early identification of problems with new drugs, and are used by the World Health Organization (WHO) for drug monitoring. In other words, there are ways to share data indirectly and improve forecasting without the risks of outright sharing of trial data.
A case for big data analysis is particularly plausible in complex business environments, and pharmaceuticals definitely qualify. Furthermore, the pharmaceutical industry constantly generates data from R&D activities, patients, caregivers, and retailers. Newer big data analysis techniques will hopefully help pharmaceutical companies better identify good drug candidates and develop them more quickly and efficiently, while mitigating health or regulatory risks.
Big data and Bayesian modeling are expected to improve pharmaceutical forecasting
As big data analysis techniques mature, the possibilities are exciting:
Better internal collaboration within pharmaceutical companies could lead to keener insights across drug portfolios, and better identification of follow-on potential for drugs that are developed. It also has the potential to allow unexpected options to emerge at the research stage based on early clinical data or simulations.
External collaboration is riskier, of course, but the benefits can be major. For example, collaboration with clinical research organizations could allow for easier scaling of capabilities, and easier access to expertise tailored to a pharmaceutical manufacturer's clinical study management needs. Academic collaboration, like Eli Lilly's Phenotypic Drug Discovery Initiative, allows researchers to submit compounds for screening to identify whether it is a potential drug candidate without giving up intellectual property.
Improving clinical trial forecasting benefits all parties. When companies hold too much money in their clinical trial programs or have the opposite problem of constantly trying to generate additional funding, they limit their ability to fund other opportunities.
Unfortunately, pharmaceutical forecasting is based on an extensive combination of factors, but improvements to the ability to manage risk and track clinical trial budgets will ultimately make a positive difference by making successful trials more cost-effective and halting unsuccessful trials before too many resources are sunk into them.
It is not easy to discover actionable business intelligence on pharmaceuticals, but the DrugPatentWatch clinical trial database offers the pharmaceutical investor powerful information for making the most informed business decisions. Information includes regulatory status, patent expirations, patent maintenance lapses, and tentative approvals with advanced search and data export capabilities.