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Details for Patent: 9,139,541

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Details for Patent: 9,139,541

Title:Modulators of pharmacokinetic properties of therapeutics
Abstract: The present application provides for a compound of Formula I, ##STR00001## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, and/or ester thereof, compositions containing such compounds, therapeutic methods that include the administration of such compounds, and therapeutic methods and include the administration of such compounds with at least one additional therapeutic agent.
Inventor(s): Desai; Manoj C. (Pleasant Hill, CA), Hong; Allen Yu (San Jose, CA), Liu; Hongtao (Cupertino, CA), Vivian; Randall W. (San Mateo, CA), Xu; Lianhong (Palo Alto, CA)
Assignee: Gilead Sciences, Inc. (Foster City, CA)
Filing Date:Jan 20, 2015
Application Number:14/601,132
Claims:1. A compound of formula IB ##STR00223## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, wherein L.sup.2 is a covalent bond, --C(R.sup.6).sub.2-- or --C(O)--; Z.sup.1 is --O-- or --N(R.sup.7)--; R.sup.6 is selected from the group consisting of H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, and heteroalkyl; R.sup.7 is selected from the group consisting of H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, heteroalkyl, carbocyclyl, substituted carbocyclyl, heterocyclyl, and substituted heterocyclyl; and R.sup.8 and R.sup.9 are each one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of H, alkyl, substituted alkyl, halogen, aryl, substituted aryl, heterocyclyl, substituted heterocyclyl, and --CN.

2. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein Z.sup.1 is --N(R.sup.7)--.

3. The compound of claim 2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.7 is H.

4. The compound of claim 2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.7 is alkyl.

5. The compound of claim 2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.7 is heteroalkyl.

6. The compound of claim 2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.7 is substituted or unsubstituted carbocyclyl.

7. The compound of claim 2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.7 is substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclyl.

8. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein Z.sup.1 is --O--.

9. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein L.sup.2 is --C(R.sup.6).sub.2--, wherein each R.sup.6 is H.

10. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein L.sup.2 is --C(R.sup.6).sub.2--, wherein each R.sup.6 is independently H or alkyl.

11. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein L.sup.2 is --C(R.sup.6).sub.2--, wherein one R.sup.6 is H and the other R.sup.6 is alkyl.

12. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.8 and R.sup.9 are both H.

13. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.8 and R.sup.9 are independently selected from H and alkyl.

14. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient.

15. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 14, further comprising at least one additional therapeutic agent.

16. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 15, wherein said at least one additional therapeutic agent is metabolized by cytochrome P450 monooxygenase.

17. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 16, wherein the at least one additional therapeutic agent is selected from the group consisting of HIV protease inhibiting compounds, HIV non-nucleoside inhibitors of reverse transcriptase, HIV nucleoside inhibitors of reverse transcriptase, HIV nucleotide inhibitors of reverse transcriptase, HIV integrase inhibitors, gp41 inhibitors, CXCR4 inhibitors, gp120 inhibitors, CCR5 inhibitors, capsid polymerization inhibitors, interferons, ribavirin analogs, NS3 protease inhibitors, alpha-glucosidase 1 inhibitors, hepatoprotectants, non-nucleoside inhibitors of HCV, other drugs for treating HCV, and combinations thereof.

18. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 17, wherein: (1) said HIV protease inhibitors are selected from the group consisting of amprenavir, atazanavir, fosamprenavir, indinavir, lopinavir, ritonavir, nelfinavir, saquinavir, tipranavir, brecanavir, darunavir, TMC-126, TMC-114, mozenavir (DMP-450), JE-2147 (AG1776), L-756423, RO0334649, KNI-272, DPC-681, DPC-684, GW640385X, DG17, PPL-100, DG35, and AG 1859; (2) said HIV non-nucleoside inhibitors of reverse transcriptase are selected from the group consisting of capravirine, emivirine, delaviridine, efavirenz, nevirapine, (+) calanolide A, etravirine, GW5634, DPC-083, DPC-961, DPC-963, MW-150, and TMC-120, TMC-278 (rilpivirene), efavirenz, BILR 355 BS, VRX 840773, UK-453061, and RDEA806; (3) said HIV nucleoside inhibitors of reverse transcriptase are selected from the group consisting of zidovudine, emtricitabine, didanosine, stavudine, zalcitabine, lamivudine, abacavir, amdoxovir, elvucitabine, alovudine, MIV-210, racivir (.+-.-FTC), D-d4FC, emtricitabine, phosphazide, fozivudine tidoxil, apricitibine (AVX754), amdoxovir, KP-1461, and fosalvudine tidoxil (formerly HDP 99.0003); (4) said HIV nucleotide inhibitors of reverse transcriptase are selected from the group consisting of tenofovir and adefovir; (5) said HIV integrase inhibitors are selected from the group consisting of curcumin, derivatives of curcumin, chicoric acid, derivatives of chicoric acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, derivatives of 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, aurintricarboxylic acid, derivatives of aurintricarboxylic acid, caffeic acid phenethyl ester, derivatives of caffeic acid phenethyl ester, tyrphostin, derivatives of tyrphostin, quercetin, derivatives of quercetin, S-1360, zintevir (AR-177), L-870812, and L-870810, MK-0518 (raltegravir), BMS-538158, GSK364735C, BMS-707035, MK-2048, and BA 011; (6) said gp41 inhibitor are selected from the group consisting of enfuvirtide, sifuvirtide, FB006M, and TRI-1144; (7) said CXCR4 inhibitor is AMD-070; (8) said entry inhibitor is SP01A; (9) said gp120 inhibitor is BMS-488043 or BlockAide/CR; (10) said G6PD and NADH-oxidase inhibitor is immunitin; (11) said CCR5 inhibitors are selected from the group consisting of aplaviroc, vicriviroc, maraviroc, PRO-140, INCB15050, PF-232798 (Pfizer), and CCR5mAb004; (12) said other drugs for treating HIV are selected from the group consisting of BAS-100, SPI-452, REP 9, SP-01A, TNX-355, DES6, ODN-93, ODN-112, VGV-1, PA-457 (bevirimat), Ampligen, HRG214, Cytolin, VGX-410, KD-247, AMZ 0026, CYT 99007A-221 HIV, DEBIO-025, BAY 50-4798, MDX010 (ipilimumab), PBS 119, ALG 889, and PA-1050040 (PA-040); (13) said interferons are selected from the group consisting of pegylated rIFN-alpha 2b, pegylated rIFN-alpha 2a, rIFN-alpha 2b, rIFN-alpha 2a, consensus IFN alpha (infergen), feron, reaferon, intermax alpha, r-IFN-beta, infergen+actimmune, IFN-omega with DUROS, albuferon, locteron, Albuferon, Rebif, Oral interferon alpha, IFNalpha-2b XL, AVI-005, PEG-Infergen, and Pegylated IFN-beta; (14) said ribavirin analogs are selected from the group consisting of rebetol, copegus, and viramidine (taribavirin); (15) said NS5b polymerase inhibitors are selected from the group consisting of NM-283, valopicitabine, R1626, PSI-6130 (R1656), HCV-796, BILB 1941, XTL-2125, MK-0608, NM-107, R7128 (R4048), VCH-759, PF-868554, and GSK625433; (16) said NS3 protease inhibitor are selected from the group consisting of SCH-503034 (SCH-7), VX-950 (telaprevir), BILN-2065, BMS-605339, and ITMN-191; (17) said alpha-glucosidase 1 inhibitors are selected from the group consisting of MX-3253 (celgosivir) and UT-231B; (18) said hepatoprotectants are selected from the group consisting of IDN-6556, ME 3738, LB-84451, and MitoQ; (19) said non-nucleoside inhibitors of HCV are selected from the group consisting of benzimidazole derivatives, benzo-1,2,4-thiadiazine derivatives, phenylalanine derivatives, A-831, and A-689; and (20) said other drugs for treating HCV are selected from the group consisting of zadaxin, nitazoxanide (alinea), BIVN-401 (virostat), PYN-17 (altirex), KPE02003002, actilon (CPG-10101), KRN-7000, civacir, GI-5005, ANA-975, XTL-6865, ANA 971, NOV-205, tarvacin, EHC-18, NIM811, DEBIO-025, VGX-410C, EMZ-702, AVI 4065, Bavituximab, Oglufanide, and VX-497 (merimepodib).
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