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Details for Patent: 8,652,491

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Details for Patent: 8,652,491

Title:Transdermal compositions for anticholinergic agents
Abstract: The present invention relates generally to compositions or formulations for transdermal or transmucosal administration of anti-cholinergic agents such as oxybutynin. The invention utilizes a novel delivery vehicle and is a substantially malodorous-free and irritation free transdermal formulation which is substantially free of long chain fatty alcohols, long-chain fatty acids, and long-chain fatty esters. A method is disclosed for administering such formulations to a person in need thereof while reducing the incidences of peak concentrations of drug and undesirable side effects associated with oral anti-cholinergics.
Inventor(s): Carrara; Dario Norberto R. (Oberwill, CH), Grenier; Arnaud (Steinbrunn le haut, FR)
Assignee: Antares Pharma IPL AG (Zug, CH)
Filing Date:Aug 03, 2012
Application Number:13/566,900
Claims:1. A transdermal or transmucosal composition comprising: oxybutynin as an anti-cholinergic agent in an amount between 1 to 2% by weight of the composition; and a delivery vehicle comprising a C2 to C4 alkanol or a mixture thereof present in an amount of 45 to 63%, a polyalcohol present in an amount of 1 to 5% selected from the group consisting of propylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, glycerin, and mixtures thereof, a monoalkyl ether of diethylene glycol or a mixture thereof present in an amount of 2 to 10%, and water present in an amount of about 10 to about 25%; wherein all percentages are calculated by weight of the composition, and the weight ratio of the polyalcohol to the monoalkyl ether of diethylene glycol is between 1:2 and 1:10 to deliver the anticholinergic agent to a subject who receives the composition on a skin surface; and wherein the composition is substantially free of additional permeation enhancers to avoid deeper penetration of the anti-cholinergic agent and undesirable odor and irritation effects caused by permeation enhancers of conventional fatty compounds during use of the composition.

2. The composition of claim 1, wherein the oxybutynin is present as oxybutynin free base, as a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of oxybutynin, or as a mixture thereof, wherein the pharmaceutically acceptable salt of oxybutynin is selected from the group consisting of acetate, bitartrate, citrate, edetate, edisylate, estolate, esylate, fumarate, gluceptate, gluconate, glutamate, hydrobromide, hydrochloride, lactate, malate, maleate, mandelate, mesylate, methylnitrate, mucate, napsylate, nitrate, pamoate, pantothenate, phosphate, salicylate, stearate, succinate, sulfate, tannate and tartrate.

3. The composition of claim 1, wherein the alkanol is selected from the group consisting of ethanol, isopropanol, n-propanol, and mixtures thereof; wherein the polyalcohol is selected from the group consisting of propylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, and mixtures thereof; and wherein the monoalkyl ether of diethylene glycol is selected from the group consisting of monomethyl ether of diethylene glycol, monoethyl ether of diethylene glycol, and mixtures thereof.

4. The composition of claim 1 further comprising at least one excipient selected from the group consisting of gelling agents, antimicrobials, preservatives, antioxidants, buffers, humectants, sequestering agents, moisturizers, emollients, and film-forming agents, wherein the at least one excipient is not a permeation enhancer.

5. The composition of claim 1 in the form of a topical gel, lotion, foam, cream, spray, aerosol, ointment, emulsion, microemulsion, nanoemulsion, suspension, liposomal system, lacquer, patch, bandage, or occlusive dressing.

6. The composition of claim 1, wherein oxybutynin is in combination with a secondary active agent for concurrent administration.

7. The composition of claim 1, further comprising one or more moisturizers or emollients to soften and smoothen the skin or to hold and retain moisture thereon, wherein the one or more moisturizers or emollients is not a permeation enhancer.

8. The composition of claim 7, wherein the moisturizer or emollient is selected from the group consisting of cholesterol, light mineral oil, and petrolatum.

9. A method for administering an anti-cholinergic agent to an individual in need thereof which comprises topically administering a therapeutically effective amount of the composition of claim 1 to the individual upon a skin surface thereof.

10. The method of claim 9, which further comprises administering the composition from a metered-dose dispenser to apply between 1 and 5 grams of the composition upon a skin surface of 100 to 1500 cm.sup.2.

11. A transdermal or transmucosal composition consisting essentially of: oxybutynin as an anti-cholinergic agent in an amount between 1 to 2% by weight of the composition; a delivery vehicle consisting essentially of a C2 to C4 alkanol or a mixture thereof present in an amount of 45 to 63%, a polyalcohol present in an amount of 1 to 5% selected from the group consisting of propylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, glycerin, and mixtures thereof, a monoalkyl ether of diethylene glycol or a mixture thereof present in an amount of 2 to 10%, and water present in an amount of about 10 to about 25; and at least one excipient selected from the group consisting of gelling agents, antimicrobials, preservatives, antioxidants, buffers, humectants, sequestering agents, moisturizers, emollients, and film-forming agents; wherein all percentages are calculated by weight of the composition, and the weight ratio of the polyalcohol to the monoalkyl ether of diethylene glycol is between 1:2 and 1:10 to deliver the anticholinergic agent to a subject who receives the composition on a skin surface; and wherein the composition is substantially free of additional permeation enhancers to avoid deeper penetration of the anti-cholinergic agent and undesirable odor and irritation effects caused by permeation enhancers of conventional fatty compounds during use of the composition.

12. A method for administering an anti-cholinergic agent to an individual in need thereof which comprises topically administering a therapeutically effective amount of the composition of claim 11 to the individual upon a skin surface thereof.

13. The method of claim 12, which further comprises administering the composition from a metered-dose dispenser to apply between 1 and 5 grams of the composition upon a skin surface of 100 to 1500 cm.sup.2.

14. A transdermal or transmucosal gel consisting of: oxybutynin as an anti-cholinergic agent in an amount between 1 to 2% by weight of the composition; a delivery vehicle consisting of a C2 to C4 alkanol or a mixture thereof present in an amount of 45 to 63%, a polyalcohol present in an amount of 1 to 5% selected from the group consisting of propylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, glycerin, and mixtures thereof, a monoalkyl ether of diethylene glycol or a mixture thereof present in an amount of 2 to 10%, and water present in an amount of about 10 to about 25; a gelling agent; and at least one excipient selected from the group consisting of antimicrobials, preservatives, antioxidants, buffers, humectants, sequestering agents, moisturizers, emollients, and film-forming agents; wherein all percentages are calculated by weight of the composition, and the weight ratio of the polyalcohol to the monoalkyl ether of diethylene glycol is between 1:2 and 1:10 to deliver the anticholinergic agent to a subject who receives the composition on a skin surface; and wherein the gel is substantially free of additional permeation enhancers to avoid deeper penetration of the anti-cholinergic agent and undesirable odor and irritation effects caused by permeation enhancers of conventional fatty compounds during use of the gel.

15. A method for administering an anti-cholinergic agent to an individual in need thereof which comprises topically administering a therapeutically effective amount of the gel of claim 14 to the individual upon a skin surface thereof.

16. The method of claim 15, which further comprises administering the gel from a metered-dose dispenser to apply between 1 and 5 grams of the gel upon a skin surface of 100 to 1500 cm.sup.2.
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