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Details for Patent: 8,372,804

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Details for Patent: 8,372,804

Title:Delivery of active agents
Abstract: A method of introducing a physiologically-active agent into the circulatory system of a mammal is disclosed herein. The method utilizes a rapid drug delivery system which prevents deactivation or degradation of the active agent being administered to a patient in need of treatment. In particular, the drug delivery system is designed for pulmonary drug delivery such as by inhalation, for delivery of the active agents such as proteins and peptides to the pulmonary circulation in a therapeutically effective manner avoiding degradation of the active agents in peripheral and vascular tissue before reaching the target site.
Inventor(s): Richardson; Peter (Ringoes, NJ), Baughman; Robert A. (Ridgefield, CT), Leone-Bay; Andrea (Ridgefield, CT), Costello; Donald (Bridgewater, NJ)
Assignee: MannKind Corporation (Valencia, CA)
Filing Date:Oct 24, 2008
Application Number:12/258,341
Claims:1. A method of providing a labile peptide hormone to a patient in need thereof comprising: administering a suitable pharmaceutical composition comprising microparticles produced from formulation of a diketopiperazine with the labile peptide hormone by pulmonary inhalation; wherein said labile peptide hormone is subject to degradation in said patient as a result of exposure of said agent to peripheral tissue, vascular venous tissue, or the liver, prior to reaching the agent's site of action, wherein the effectiveness of said labile peptide hormone is reduced by said degradation; wherein said labile peptide hormone is not GLP-1 or insulin; and wherein about 35% to about 75% of said microparticles have an aerodynamic diameter of less than 5.8 micrometer for said pulmonary inhalation; and further, wherein the pulmonary inhalation results in a greater therapeutic effect from a lower exposure of said labile peptide hormone than oral, subcutaneous and intravenous administration of said labile peptide hormone.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein said diketopiperazine is 2,5-diketo-3,6-di(4-X-aminobutyl)piperazine; wherein X is selected from the group consisting of succinyl, glutaryl, maleyl, and fumaryl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein the pharmaceutical composition is an inhalable dry powder formulation.

4. The method of claim 3, wherein said inhalable dry powder formulation further comprises a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient.

5. The method of claim 3, wherein the inhalable dry powder formulation is provided to said patient by pulmonary inhalation using a dry powder inhalation system.

6. The method of claim 1, wherein the peptide hormone is an endocrine hormone or an analog thereof.

7. The method of claim 6, wherein the endocrine hormone is a hormone associated with diabetes, hyperglycemia and/or obesity.

8. The method of claim 7, wherein the diabetes is type 2 diabetes mellitus.

9. The method of claim 1 wherein said exposure is a result of subcutaneous administration of said agent.

10. The method of claim 1 wherein said exposure of said agent is in the vascular venous tissue.

11. The method of claim 1 wherein said peptide hormone does not bind to specific receptors in lung tissue.

12. The method of claim 1 wherein said exposure to said labile peptide hormone administered by said pulmonary inhalation is less than about 50% of said exposure to said labile peptide hormone administered by said oral, subcutaneous and intravenous administration.

13. A method of treating a disease comprising: administering by pulmonary inhalation to a patient with a condition treatable by a labile peptide hormone a pharmaceutical composition comprising said peptide hormone which has been formulated into microparticles comprising a diketopiperazine and said peptide hormone, wherein the pharmaceutical composition is suitable for said pulmonary inhalation, wherein said labile peptide hormone is not GLP-1 or insulin; and wherein about 35% to about 75% of said microparticles have an aerodynamic diameter of less than 5.8 micrometer for said pulmonary inhalation, and wherein the pulmonary inhalation results in a greater therapeutic effect from a lower exposure of said labile peptide hormone than oral, subcutaneous and intravenous administration of said labile peptide hormone.

14. The method of claim 13, wherein said diketopiperazine is 2,5-diketo-3,6-di(4-X-aminobutyl)piperazine; wherein X is selected from the group consisting of succinyl, glutaryl, maleyl, and fumaryl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

15. The method of claim 13, wherein said composition is an inhalable dry powder formulation.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein said inhalable dry powder formulation further comprises a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient.

17. The method of claim 13, wherein the peptide hormone is an endocrine hormone or an analog thereof.

18. The method of claim 17, wherein the endocrine hormone is a hormone associated with diabetes, hyperglycemia and/or obesity.

19. The method of claim 18, wherein the diabetes is type 2 diabetes mellitus.

20. The method of claim 13, wherein the step of administering said composition to said patient comprises pulmonary administration of said composition using a dry powder inhaler comprising a cartridge.

21. The method of claim 13 wherein said exposure to said labile peptide hormone administered by said pulmonary inhalation is less than about 50% of said exposure to said labile peptide hormone administered by said oral, subcutaneous and intravenous administration.
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