|Title:||Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) based sustained release microcapsules comprising a polypeptide and a sugar|
|Abstract:||This invention relates to compositions for the sustained release of biologically active polypeptides, and methods of forming and using said compositions, for the sustained release of biologically active polypeptides. The sustained release compositions of this invention comprise a biocompatible polymer having dispersed therein, a biologically active polypeptide and a sugar.|
|Inventor(s):||Wright; Steven G. (Madeira, OH), Christensen; Troy (Mason, OH), Yeoh; Thean (Salem, CT), Rickey; Michael E. (Morrow, OH), Hotz; Joyce M. (Cincinnati, OH), Kumar; Rajesh (Marlborough, MA), Costantino; Henry R. (Woodinville, WA), Smith; Christine (San Diego, CA), Lokensgard; David M. (San Diego, CA), Fineman; Mark (San Diego, CA), Ong; John (San Diego, CA)|
|Assignee:||Alkernnes Pharma Ireland Limited (Dublin, IE) Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (San Diego, CA)|
|Filing Date:||Apr 15, 2005|
|Claims:||1. A process of preparing a pharmaceutically acceptable composition in the form of microparticles for the sustained release of exendin-4 comprising: a) forming a mixture by combining an aqueous phase comprising water soluble exendin-4 polypeptide and sucrose in the absence of ammonium sulfate with an oil phase comprising a purified 50:50 DL PLG 4A polymer in methylene chloride, wherein the purified polymer has an inherent viscosity of between about 0.3 and 0.5 dL/g; b) forming a water-in-oil emulsion of the mixture from step a, wherein the inner emulsion droplet size is about 0.1 to 1.2 microns; c) adding a coacervation agent to the mixture to form embryonic microparticles, wherein the coacervation agent is silicone oil added in an amount sufficient to achieve a silicone oil to polymer solvent ratio of from about 1:1 to about 1.5:1, and wherein the silicone oil is added to the water-in-oil emulsion in from about 3 minutes to about 5 minutes and the coacervation mixture is held for less than or about 1 minute; d) transferring the embryonic microparticles to a quench solvent at a ratio of 16:1(v/v) quench solvent to methylene chloride to harden the embryonic microparticles to form hardened micro articles, wherein the quench solvent is a heptane/ethanol mixture and the transfer time is less than or about 3 minutes; e) collecting the hardened microparticles; and f) drying the hardened microparticles; wherein the exendin-4 is resent at from about 3% w/w to about 5% w/w of the total weight of the composition; the composition has a C.sub.max to C.sub.ave ratio of about 3 or less; and the total pore volume of the composition is about 0.1 mL/g or less. |
2. The process of claim 1, wherein in step b, the inner emulsion droplet size is about 0.2 to 0.4 microns.
3. The process of claim 1, wherein the exendin-4 is present at about 5% w/w of the total weight of the composition.