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Details for Patent: 8,088,741

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Details for Patent: 8,088,741

Title:Compounds for enzyme inhibition
Abstract: Peptide-based compounds including heteroatom-containing, three-membered rings efficiently and selectively inhibit specific activities of N-terminal nucleophile (Ntn) hydrolases. The activities of those Ntn having multiple activities can be differentially inhibited by the compounds described. For example, the chymotrypsinlike activity of the 20S proteasome may be selectively inhibited with the inventive compounds. The peptide-based compounds include an epoxide or aziridine, and functionalization at the N-terminus. Among other therapeutic utilities, the peptide-based compounds are expected to display anti-inflammatory properties and inhibition of cell proliferation.
Inventor(s): Smyth; Mark S. (San Mateo, CA), Laidig; Guy J. (Menlo Park, CA), Borchardt; Ronald T. (Lawrence, KS), Bunin; Barry A. (San Mateo, CA), Crews; Craig M. (New Haven, CT), Musser; John H. (San Carlos, CA), Shenk; Kevin D. (Palo Alto, CA), Radel; Peggy A. (Berkeley, CA)
Assignee: Onyx Therapeutics, Inc. (South San Francisco, CA)
Filing Date:May 09, 2005
Application Number:11/596,028
Claims:1. A compound having a structure of formula (III) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof ##STR00043## wherein each Ar is independently an aromatic or heteroaromatic group optionally substituted with 1-4 substituents; L is selected from C.dbd.O, C.dbd.S, and SO.sub.2; X is selected from O, S, NH, and N--C.sub.1-6alkyl; Y is absent or is selected from C.dbd.O and SO.sub.2; Z is absent or is C.sub.1-6alkyl; R.sup.1, R.sup.2, and R.sup.3 are each independently selected from C.sub.1-6alkyl, C.sub.1-6hydroxyalkyl, C.sub.1-6alkoxyalkyl, aryl, and C.sub.1-6aralkyl, any of which is optionally substituted with one or more of amide, amine, carboxylic acid (or a salt thereof), ester, thiol, or thioether substituents; R.sup.4 is N(R.sup.5)L--Z--R.sup.6; R.sup.5 is selected from hydrogen, OH, C.sub.1-6aralkyl-Y-, and C.sub.1-6alkyl-Y-; R.sup.6 is selected from OR.sup.7, C.sub.2-6alkenyl, Ar--Y--, carbocyclyl, and heterocyclyl; and R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 are independently selected from hydrogen and C.sub.1-6alkyl.

2. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X is O; R.sup.1, R.sup.2, and R.sup.3 are independently selected from C.sub.1-6alkyl and C.sub.1-6aralkyl.

3. The compound of claim 2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.1 and R.sup.3 are both C.sub.1-6alkyl; R.sup.2 is C.sub.1-6aralkyl; and R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 are independently selected from hydrogen and methyl.

4. The compound of claim 3, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.1 and R.sup.3 are both isobutyl, R.sup.2 is phenylmethyl, and R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 are both hydrogen.

5. The compound of claim 4, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.5 is hydrogen, L is C.dbd.O or SO.sub.2, and R.sup.6 is Ar--Y--.

6. The compound of claim 5, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein each Ar is independently selected from phenyl, indolyl, benzofuranyl, naphthyl, quinolinyl, quinolonyl, thienyl, pyridyl, and pyrazyl.

7. The compound of claim 6, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein Ar is substituted with Ar--Q--, wherein Q is selected from a direct bond, --O--, and C.sub.1-6alkyl.

8. The compound of claim 5, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein Z is C.sub.1-6alkyl.

9. The compound of claim 8, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein Z is substituted with Ar.

10. The compound of claim 9, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein Ar is phenyl.

11. The compound of claim 4, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.5 is hydrogen, L is C.dbd.O or SO.sub.2, Z is absent, and R.sup.6 is selected from Ar--Y and heterocyclyl.

12. The compound of claim 11, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.6 is selected from chromonyl, chromanyl, morpholino, and piperidinyl.

13. The compound of claim 11, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.6 is Ar--Y and Ar is selected from phenyl, indolyl, benzofuranyl, naphthyl, quinolinyl, quinolonyl, thienyl, pyridyl, and pyrazyl.

14. The compound of claim 4, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R.sup.5 is hydrogen, L is C.dbd.O or SO.sub.2, Z is absent, and R.sup.6 is C.sub.2-6alkenyl.

15. The compound of claim 14, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein C.sub.1-6alkenyl is a substituted vinyl group.

16. The compound of claim 15, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the substituent is an aryl or heteroaryl group.

17. The compound of claim 16, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the substituent is a phenyl group optionally substituted with 1 to 4 substituents.

18. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

19. A method of inhibiting an N-terminal nucleophile hydrolase, wherein said inhibitor inhibits a chymotrypsin-like activity of said 20S proteasome when said inhibitor is present at concentrations below about 5 .mu.M, and does not inhibit trypsin-like activity or PGPH activity of said 20S proteasome when said inhibitor is present at concentrations below about 5 .mu.M, comprising contacting the N-terminal nucleophile hydrolase with a compound of claim 1 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof or a composition of claim 18.

20. A method for the treatment of inflammation, comprising administering to a patient a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or a composition of claim 18.
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