|Title:||Apparatuses and methods for injecting medicines to a desired depth|
|Abstract:||A reloadable medicine injector and methods are described in which a barrel with a receiving cavity is adapted to slidably receive a syringe subassembly for axial movement therein. Upon removal of a safety and release of a syringe driver, the syringe driver moves forward and injects the syringe needle. A plurality of penetration controls are shown for controlling injection needle penetration depth. The penetration controls have an abutment and various lengths to provide different needle penetration depth positions. In one form of penetration control a sleeve is used against which the syringe or related parts contact. In another form the front return spring is used as a penetration control. A cushioning ring may be used to reduce syringe breakage. A load distribution and guide ring may be used to distribute loading applied to the syringe and help guide the moving syringe.|
|Inventor(s):||Wyrick; Ronald E. (Spokane, WA)|
|Assignee:||Washington Biotech Corporation (Spokane, WA)|
|Filing Date:||Oct 31, 2007|
|Claims:||1. An apparatus for injecting fluid medicine, comprising: a tube including a barrel and a nose cap attached thereto; a receiving cavity within the tube; a syringe subassembly within the receiving cavity, the syringe subassembly including a reservoir, an injection needle, a hub between the reservoir and the injection needle, and a resilient cushion on the hub; a driver adjacent one end within the tube; a penetration controller adjacent another end within the tube opposite the one end, the penetration controller including a control sleeve that is removable from the tube and a spring within the control sleeve radially between the control sleeve and a part of the syringe subassembly; the control sleeve having an abutment surface at one end, another end opposite the one end, and an inside diameter; the spring having an enlarged portion with an outside diameter greater than the inside diameter of the control sleeve; the enlarged portion of the spring being retained between the other end of the control sleeve and the nose cap; and the resilient cushion being located axially between the abutment surface and at least a part of the hub. |
2. An apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the control sleeve has a length and the spring extends along substantially all of the length of the control sleeve, the spring exhibiting a fully compressed length and the fully compressed length of the spring being less than the length of the control sleeve.
3. An apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the syringe subassembly comprises a double-tipped needle.
4. An apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the other end of the control sleeve comprises a plurality of flange lobes, the enlarged portion of the spring comprises at least one coil exhibiting the outside diameter, and the at least one coil is retained between the flange lobes and the nose cap.
5. An apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the other end of the control sleeve comprises a plurality of flange lobes, which are in frictional engagement with the nose cap.
6. An apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the reservoir is comprised by an ampule.
7. An apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the resilient cushion is in the form of a ring around the hub.
8. An apparatus according to claim 7 wherein the syringe subassembly further comprises a load distribution ring located axially between the cushion ring and the abutment surface.