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Details for Patent: 7,655,257

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Details for Patent: 7,655,257

Title:Sustained delivery of an active agent using an implantable system
Abstract: The invention is directed to a device for delivering an active agent formulation for a predetermined administration period. An impermeable reservoir is divided into a water-swellable agent chamber and an active agent formulation chamber. Fluid from the environment is imbibed through a semipermeable plug into the water-swellable agent chamber and the active agent formulation is released through a back-diffusion regulating outlet. Delivery periods of up to 2 years are achieved.
Inventor(s): Peery; John R. (Stanford, CA), Dionne; Keith E. (Menlo Park, CA), Eckenhoff; James B. (Los Altos, CA), Eckenhoff, legal representative; Bonnie J. (Los Altos, CA), Landrau; Felix A. (Punta Gorda, FL), Lautenbach; Scott D. (San Mateo, CA), Magruder; Judy A. (Mountain View, CA), Wright; Jeremy C. (Los Altos, CA)
Assignee: Intarcia Therapeutics, Inc. (Hayward, CA)
Filing Date:Aug 20, 2003
Application Number:10/645,293
Claims:1. An implantable, fluid-imbibing device for delivering an active agent to a fluid environment of use, said device comprising the following components: an impermeable reservoir comprising an interior surface; a piston that divides the reservoir into a water-swellable agent chamber and an active agent chamber, wherein the water-swellable agent chamber has an open end and the active agent formulation chamber has an open end; a back diffusion regulating outlet received in the open end of the active agent formulation chamber of the reservoir for delivering fluid from the active agent formulation chamber to the fluid environment, the reservoir interior surface and back diffusion regulating outlet having surfaces in a mating relationship, wherein (i) a helical flow path for the active agent is formed between the mating surfaces, (ii) a length of the helical flow path is sufficient to prevent back-diffusion of external fluid through the helical flow path, and (iii) the helical flow path has a length of about 2 to about 7 cm; and a water-swellable semipermeable plug received in sealing relationship with the interior surface of the open end of the water-swellable agent chamber of the reservoir.

2. An implantable, fluid-imbibing device for delivering an active agent to a fluid environment of use, said device comprising the following components: an impermeable reservoir comprising an interior surface; a piston that divides the reservoir into a water-swellable agent chamber and an active agent chamber, wherein the water-swellable agent chamber has an open end and the active agent formulation chamber has an open end; a back diffusion regulating outlet received in the open end of the active agent formulation chamber of the reservoir for delivering fluid from the active agent formulation chamber to the fluid environment, the reservoir interior surface and back diffusion regulating outlet having surfaces in a mating relationship, wherein (i) a helical flow path for the active agent is formed between the mating surfaces, (ii) a length of the helical flow path is sufficient to prevent back-diffusion of external fluid through the helical flow path, and (iii) the helical flow path has a diameter of about 0.003 to about 0.020 inches; and a water-swellable semipermeable plug received in sealing relationship with the interior surface of the open end of the water-swellable agent chamber of the reservoir.

3. The device of claim 2, wherein the helical flow path has a length of about 2 to about 7 cm.

4. The device of claim 1, wherein the back diffusion regulating outlet comprises a polymer and the reservoir comprises a metal and the helical flow path is formed by a helical groove in an exterior surface of the back diffusion regulating outlet and by an interior surface of the reservoir.

5. The device of claim 1, wherein an exterior surface of the semipermeable plug comprises circumferential ridges.

6. The device of claim 2, wherein an exterior surface of the semipermeable plug comprises circumferential ridges.

7. The device of claim 6, wherein there is a clearance between the ridges and the interior surface of the reservoir into which the semipermeable plug expands due to hydration.

8. The device of claim 1, wherein the semipermeable plug is substantially cylindrical and expands radially upon hydration to provide a friction fit with the interior surface.

9. The device of claim 1, wherein the semipermeable plug comprises a material selected from the group consisting of plasticized cellulosic materials, polyurethanes, hydroxyethylmethacrylate, polyether-polyamide copolymers, and polyamides.

10. The device of claim 5, wherein there is a clearance between the circumferential ridges and an interior surface of the reservoir into which the semipermeable plug expands due to hydration.

11. The device of claim 2, wherein the semipermeable plug comprises a material selected from the group consisting of plasticized cellulosic materials, polyurethanes, hydroxyethylmethacrylate, polyether-polyamide copolymers, and polyamides.

12. The device of claim 2, wherein the back diffusion regulating outlet comprises a polymer and the reservoir comprises a metal and the helical flow path is formed by a helical groove in an exterior surface of the back diffusion regulating outlet and by an interior surface of the reservoir.

13. The device of claim 1, wherein the reservoir comprises titanium or a titanium alloy.

14. The device of claim 1, wherein the piston comprises an elastomeric material.

15. The device of claim 1, wherein the piston comprises a material selected from the group consisting of polypropylene, EPDM, silicone rubber, butyl rubber, plasticized polyvinylchloride, and polyurethanes.

16. The device of claim 1, wherein the back diffusion regulating outlet comprises a polymer.

17. The device of claim 16, wherein the back diffusion regulating outlet comprises a polymer selected from the group consisting of polyethylene, polypropylene, polycarbonate and polymethylmethacrylate.

18. The device of claim 2, wherein the reservoir comprises titanium or a titanium alloy.

19. The device of claim 2, wherein the piston comprises an elastomeric material.

20. The device of claim 2, wherein the piston comprises a material selected from the group consisting of polypropylene, EPDM, silicone rubber, butyl rubber, plasticized polyvinylchloride, and polyurethanes.

21. The device of claim 2, wherein the back diffusion regulating outlet comprises a polymer.

22. The device of claim 21, wherein the back diffusion regulating outlet comprises a polymer selected from the group consisting of polyethylene, polypropylene, polycarbonate and polymethylmethacrylate.

23. The device of claim 2, wherein the semipermeable plug is substantially cylindrical and expands radially upon hydration to provide a friction fit with the interior surface.
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