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Details for Patent: 7,018,619

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Details for Patent: 7,018,619

Title:Delivery of alprazolam, estazolam midazolam or triazolam through an inhalation route
Abstract: The present invention relates to the delivery of alprazolam, estazolam, midazolam or triazolam through an inhalation route. Specifically, it relates to aerosols containing alprazolam, estazolam, midazolam or triazolam that are used in inhalation therapy. In a method aspect of the present invention, alprazolam, estazolam, midazolam or triazolam is administered to a patient through an inhalation route. The method comprises: a) heating a composition of alprazolam, estazolam, midazolam or triazolam, to form a vapor; and, b) allowing the vapor to cool, thereby forming a condensation aerosol comprising particles with less than 5% drug degradation products. In a kit aspect of the present invention, a kit for delivering alprazolam, estazolam, midazolam or triazolam through an inhalation route is provided which comprises: a) a thin coating of an alprazolam, estazolam, midazolam, or triazolam composition and b) a device for dispensing said thin coating as a condensation aerosol.
Inventor(s): Rabinowitz; Joshua D. (Mountain View, CA), Zaffaroni; Alejandro C. (Atherton, CA)
Assignee: Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Palo Alto, CA)
Filing Date:Dec 12, 2003
Application Number:10/735,495
Claims:1. A method of treating anxiety or insomnia in a patient comprising administering a therapeutic amount of a drug condensation aerosol to the patient by inhalation, wherein the drug is selected from the group consisting of alprazolam, estazolam, midazolam and triazolam, and wherein the condensation aerosol is formed by heating a thin layer containing the drug, on a solid support, to produce a vapor of the drug, and condensing the vapor to form a condensation aerosol characterized by less than 10% drug degradation products by weight, and an MMAD of less than 5 microns.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by an MMAD of less than 3 microns.

3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol is formed at a rate greater than 0.5 mg/second.

4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the therapeutic amount of a drug condensation aerosol comprises between 0.05 mg and 4 mg of alprazolam delivered in a single inspiration.

5. The method according to claim 1, wherein the therapeutic amount of a drug condensation aerosol comprises between 0.05 mg and 4 mg of estazolam delivered in a single inspiration.

6. The method according to claim 1, wherein the therapeutic amount of a drug condensation aerosol comprises between 0.05 mg and 4 mg of midazolam delivered in a single inspiration.

7. The method according to claim 1, wherein the therapeutic amount of a drug condensation aerosol comprises between 0.006 mg and 0.5 mg of triazolam delivered in a single inspiration.

8. The method according to claim 1, wherein peak plasma drug concentration is reached in less than 0.1 hours.

9. The method according to claim 1, wherein at least 50% by weight of the condensation aerosol is amorphous in form.

10. A method of administering a drug condensation aerosol to a patient comprising administering the drug condensation aerosol to the patient by inhalation, wherein the drug is selected from the group consisting of alprazolam, estazolam, midazolam and triazolam, and wherein the drug condensation aerosol is formed by heating a thin layer containing the drug, on a solid support, to produce a vapor of the drug, and condensing the vapor to form a condensation aerosol characterized by less than 10% drug degradation products by weight, and an MMAD of less than 5 microns.

11. A kit for delivering a drug condensation aerosol comprising: a. a thin layer containing the drug, on a solid support, wherein the drug is selected from the group consisting of alprazolam, estazolam, midazolam and triazolam, and b. a device for providing the condensation aerosol, wherein the condensation aerosol is formed by heating the thin layer to produce a vapor of the drug, and condensing the vapor to form a condensation aerosol characterized by less than 10% drug degradation products by weight, and an MMAD of less than 5 microns.

12. The kit according to claim 11, wherein the thin layer has a thickness between 0.2 and 4.8 microns.

13. The kit according to claim 11, wherein the device comprises: a. a flow through enclosure containing the solid support, b. a power source that can be activated to heat the solid support, and c. at least one portal through which air can be drawn by inhalation, wherein activation of the power source is effective to produce a vapor of the drug, and drawing air through the enclosure is effective to condense the vapor to form the condensation aerosol.

14. The kit according to claim 13, wherein the heat for heating the solid support is generated by an exothermic chemical reaction.

15. The kit according to claim 14, wherein the exothermic chemical reaction is oxidation of combustible materials.

16. The kit according to claim 13, wherein the heat for heating the solid support is generated by passage of current through an electrical resistance element.

17. The kit according to claim 13, wherein the solid support has a surface area dimensioned to accommodate a therapeutic dose of the drug.

18. The kit according to claim 11, wherein peak plasma drug concentration is reached in less than 0.1 hours.

19. The kit according to claim 11, further including instructions for use.

20. The method according to claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by an MMAD of 0.1 to 5 microns.

21. The method according to claim 2, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by an MMAD of about 0.2 to about 3 microns.

22. The method according to claim 1, wherein the thin layer has a thickness between about 0.2 and about 4.8 microns.

23. The method according to claim 10, wherein the drug is alprazolam.

24. The method according to claim 10, wherein the drug is estazolam.

25. The method according to claim 10, wherein the drug is midazolam.

26. The method according to claim 10, wherein the drug is triazolam.

27. The kit according to claim 11, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by an MMAD of less than 3 microns.

28. The kit according to claim 11, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by an MMAD of 0.1 to 5 microns.

29. The kit according to claim 27, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by an MMAD of about 0.2 to about 3 microns.

30. The kit according to claim 11, wherein the drug is alprazolam.

31. The kit according to claim 11, wherein the drug is estazolam.

32. The kit according to claim 11, wherein the drug is midazolam.

33. The kit according to claim 11, wherein the drug is triazolam.

34. The kit according to claim 13, wherein the solid support has a surface to mass ratio of greater than 1 cm.sup.2 per gram.

35. The kit according to claim 13, wherein the solid support has a surface to volume ratio of greater than 100 per meter.

36. The kit according to claim 13, wherein the solid support is a metal foil.

37. The kit according to claim 36, wherein the metal foil has a thickness of less than 0.25 mm.
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