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Details for Patent: 7,001,748

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Details for Patent: 7,001,748

Title:Methods of making polyketides using hybrid polyketide synthases
Abstract: Linking sequences which modulate cross-talk between modules of Type I polyketide synthases have been identified. Thus, arbitrarily chosen modules can be mixed and matched by supplying the appropriate linkers to obtain desired polyketide synthases and new polyketides. The modules are provided suitable linkers so that the polyketide chain is passed from one module to the other in the correct sequence. Synthetic peptides which mimic linkers can be used to inhibit the synthesis of polyketides. Kinetic channeling, both intrapolypeptide and interpolypeptide, of diketide intermediates in a Type I polyketide synthase can occur.
Inventor(s): Gokhale; Rajesh S. (New Delhi, IN), Tsuji; Stuart (Stanford, CA), Khosla; Chaitan (Palo Alto, CA)
Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University (Palo Alto, CA)
Filing Date:Mar 04, 2002
Application Number:10/091,244
Claims:1. A method to prepare a desired polyketide which method comprises incubating required substrates with a hybrid modular polyketide synthase (PKS) comprising at least a first extender module and a second extender module of a different PKS from said first module, wherein said extender modules are defined as consisting of the amino acid sequence from the N-terminus of the ketosynthase (KS) domain through the C-terminus of the acyl transferase protein (ACP) domain; wherein the C-terminus of said first module is covalently linked to the N-terminus of a intra-molecular linker (RAL) and the N-terminus of the second module is covalently linked to the C-terminus of said RAL, and wherein said RAL is defined as the amino acid sequence between the C-terminus of an upstream ACP domain and the N-terminus of an adjacent downstream KS domain; said ACP and KS domains occupying adjacent modules in the same reading frame; wherein either said first module or second module is not covalently linked to said RAL in a naturally occurring polyketide synthase; whereby the RAL effects the transfer of a nascent polyketide chain from said first module to said second module.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein the substrates comprise a diketide thioester and thioesters of the required extender units.

3. The method of claim 2 wherein the extender units are malonyl, methylmalonyl, ethylmalonyl or hydroxymalonyl thioesters.

4. The method of claim 1 wherein said first and second extender modules have structures that are present in naturally occurring PKS.

5. The method of claim 1 wherein said RAL is selected from the group consisting of M2 ery, M4 ery, M6 ery, M2 rif, M3 rif, M5 rif, M3 rap, M4 rap, and M7 rap intra-module linkers (SEQ. ID. NO's: 3-11, respectively).

6. The method of claim 1 wherein said hybrid modular PKS comprises a modular structure selected from the group consisting of: a) ery modules 1 and 3 through 6 inclusive and tylosin module 2, and wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from ery module 1 to tyl module 2 and then to ery modules 3 through 6 inclusive, b) ery modules 1 through 5 inclusive and narbomycin module 6, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from ery modules 1 through 5 inclusive to nar module 6, c) modules 1 and 3 through 6 inclusive of ery and modules 2-3 of tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from ery module 1 to modules 2-3 of tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin and then to ery modules 3 through 6 inclusive, d) modules 1 through 3 inclusive of tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin and modules 3 through 6 inclusive of ery, and wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from modules 1 through 3 inclusive of said tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin to ery modules 3 through 6 inclusive, e) a module of tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin and modules 1-2 and 3 through 6 inclusive of ery, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from ery modules 1-2 to the tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin module and then to ery modules 3 through 6 inclusive, f) modules 1 and 3 through 6 inclusive of ery and module 5 of tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin having the enoyl reductase catalytic activity inactivated, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from ery module 1 to module 5 of tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin and then to ery modules 3 through 6 inclusive, g) ery modules 1 through 4 inclusive and 6 and module 6 of spiramycin or niddamycin, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from ery modules 1 through 4 inclusive to module 6 of spiramycin or niddamycin and then to ery module 6, h) module 1 of FK-506 or 520 and modules 2 through 14 inclusive of rapamycin, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from module 1 of FK-506 or 520 and then to modules 2 through 14 inclusive of rapamycin, i) module 1 and 11 through 14 inclusive of rapamycin and modules 2 through 6 inclusive of FK-506 or 520 wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from module 1 of rapamycin to modules 2 through 6 inclusive of FK-506 or 520 and then to modules 11 through 14 inclusive of rapamycin, j) module 1 of rapamycin, modules 2 through 7 inclusive of FK-506 or 520 and modules 12 through 14 inclusive of rapamycin, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from module 1 of rapamycin to modules 2 through 7 inclusive of FK-506 or 520 and then to modules 12 through 14 inclusive of rapamycin, k) module 1 of rapamycin, modules 2 through 8 inclusive of FK-506 or 520 and modules 13-14 of rapamycin, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from module 1 of rapamycin to modules 2 through 8 inclusive of FK-506 or 520 and then to modules 13-14 of rapamycin, and l) modules 1 through 10 inclusive of rapamycin and modules 7 through 10 inclusive of FK-506 or 520, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from modules 1 through 10 inclusive of rapamycin to modules 7 through 10 inclusive of FK-506 or 520.

7. A method to prepare a desired polyketide which method comprises incubating required substrates with a hybrid modular polyketide synthase (PKS) comprising at least a first extender module and a second extender module of a different PKS from said first module, wherein said extender modules are defined as consisting of the amino acid sequence from the N-terminus of the ketosynthase (KS) domain through the C-terminus of the acyl transferase protein (ACP) domain; wherein the C-terminus of said first module is covalently linked to the N-terminus of a inter-molecular linker (ERL) and the N-terminus of the second module is covalently linked to the C-terminus of said ERL, and wherein said ERL is defined as a contiguous polypeptide comprising, in order, (1) the amino acid sequence beginning at the C-terminus of the ACP domain of the most downstream module of a first open reading frame and (2) the amino acid sequence upstream of the N-terminus of the most upstream KS domain of a second open reading frame, which second open reading frame is immediately adjacent to and downstream of said first open reading frame; and wherein either said first module or second module is not covalently linked to said ERL in a naturally occurring polyketide synthase; whereby the ERL effects the transfer of a nascent polyketide chain from said first module to said second module.

8. The method of claim 7 wherein the substrates comprise a diketide thioester and thioesters of the required extender units.

9. The method of claim 8 wherein the extender units are malonyl, methylmalonyl, ethylmalonyl or hydroxymalonyl thioesters.

10. The method of claim 7 wherein said first and second extender modules have structures that are present in naturally occurring PKS.

11. The method of claim 7 wherein the portion of the ERL at the N-terminus of the second module is selected from the group consisting of SEQ. ID. NO's: 12-19, respectively.

12. The method of claim 7 wherein said hybrid modular PKS comprises a modular structure selected from the group consisting of: a) ery modules 1 and 3 through 6 inclusive and tylosin module 2, and wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from ery module 1 to tyl module 2 and then to ery modules 3 through 6 inclusive, b) ery modules 1 through 5 inclusive and narbomycin module 6, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from ery modules 1 through 5 inclusive to nar module 6, c) modules 1 and 3 through 6 inclusive of ery and modules 2-3 of tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from ery module 1 to modules 2-3 of tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin and then to ery modules 3 through 6 inclusive, d) modules 1 through 3 inclusive of tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin and modules 3 through 6 inclusive of ery, and wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from modules 1 through 3 inclusive of said tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin to ery modules 3 through 6 inclusive, e) a module of tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin and modules 1-2 and 3 through 6 inclusive of ery, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from ery modules 1-2 to the tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin module and then to ery modules 3 through 6 inclusive, f) modules 1 and 3 through 6 inclusive of ery and module 5 of tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin having the enoyl reductase catalytic activity inactivated, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from ery module 1 to module 5 of tylosin, spiramycin or niddamycin and then to ery modules 3 through 6 inclusive, g) ery modules 1 through 4 inclusive and 6 and module 6 of spiramycin or niddamycin, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from ery modules 1 through 4 inclusive to module 6 of spiramycin or niddamycin and then to ery module 6, h) module 1 of FK-506 or 520 and modules 2 through 14 inclusive of rapamycin, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from module 1 of FK-506 or 520 and then to modules 2 through 14 inclusive of rapamycin, i) module 1 and 11 through 14 inclusive of rapamycin and modules 2 through 6 inclusive of FK-506 or 520 wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from module 1 of rapamycin to modules 2 through 6 inclusive of FK-506 or 520 and then to modules 11 through 14 inclusive of rapamycin, j) module 1 of rapamycin, modules 2 through 7 inclusive of FK-506 or 520 and modules 12 through 14 inclusive of rapamycin, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from module 1 of rapamycin to modules 2 through 7 inclusive of FK-506 or 520 and then to modules 12 through 14 inclusive of rapamycin, k) module 1 of rapamycin, modules 2 through 8 inclusive of FK-506 or 520 and modules 13-14 of rapamycin, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from module 1 of rapamycin to modules 2 through 8 inclusive of FK-506 or 520 and then to modules 13-14 of rapamycin, and l) modules 1 through 10 inclusive of rapamycin and modules 7 through 10 inclusive of FK-506 or 520, wherein said polyketide chain is transferred from modules 1 through 10 inclusive of rapamycin to modules 7 through 10 inclusive of FK-506 or 520.
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