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Details for Patent: 6,969,770

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Details for Patent: 6,969,770

Title: 2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine derivatives, process for preparing them and their uses
Abstract:The invention concerns 2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine derivatives and a process for preparing them and their uses. The invention also concerns a process for preparing .alpha.-ethyl-2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine acetamide derivatives from unsaturated 2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine derivatives. Particularly the invention concerns novel intermediates and their use in methods for the preparation of S-.alpha.-ethyl-2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine acetamide.
Inventor(s): Surtees; John (Watermael-Boisfort, BE), Marmon; Violeta (Oxfordshire, GB), Differding; Edmond (Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve, BE), Zimmermann; Vincent (Lausanne, CH)
Assignee: U.C.B. Farchim S.A. (Bulle, CH)
Filing Date:Apr 15, 2004
Application Number:10/824,345
Claims:1. A process for preparing a compound having formula (A) ##STR20## wherein X is --CONR.sup.5 R.sup.6 or --COOR.sup.7 or --CO--R.sup.8 or CN; R.sup.1 is hydrogen or alkyl, aryl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, halogen, hydroxy, amino, nitro, cyano; R.sup.2, R.sup.4 are the same or different and each is independently hydrogen or halogen, hydroxy, amino, nitro, cyano, acyl, acyloxy, sulfonyl, sulfinyl, alkylamino, carboxy, ester, ether, amido, sulfonic acid, sulfonamide, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, alkoxycarbonyl, alkylsulfinyl, arylsulfinyl, alkylthio, arylthio, alkyl, alkoxy, oxyester, oxyamido, aryl, arylamino, aryloxy, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, vinyl; R.sup.3 is hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, amino, nitro, cyano, acyl, acyloxy, sulfonyl, sulfinyl, alkylamino, carboxy, ester, ether, amido, sulfonic acid, sulfonamide, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, alkoxycarbonyl, alkylsulfinyl, arylsulfinyl, alkylthio, arylthio, alkyl, alkoxy, oxyester, oxyamido, aryl, arylamino, aryloxy, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, (C2-C5)alkenyl, (C2-C5)alkynyl, azido, phenylsulfonyloxy; R.sup.5, R.sup.6, R.sup.7 are the same or different and each is independently hydrogen, hydroxy, alkyl, aryl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, alkoxy, aryloxy; and R.sup.8 is hydrogen, hydroxy, thiol, halogen, alkyl, aryl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, alkylthio, arylthio; each alkenyl, alkynyl, azido may independently be optionally substituted by one or more halogen, cyano, thiocyano, azido, alkylthio, cyclopropyl, acyl, phenyl; which process comprises the reaction of an .alpha.-ketocarboxylic acid derivative of general formula (C) with a pyrrolidinone of general formula (D) according to the following Scheme (1): ##STR21##

2. A process for preparing a compound having formula (A), ##STR22## wherein X is --COOR.sup.7 ; R.sup.1 is hydrogen or alkyl, aryl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, halogen, hydroxy, amino, nitro, cyano; R.sup.2, R.sup.4 are the same or different and each is independently hydrogen or halogen, hydroxy, amino, nitro, cyano, acyl, acyloxy, sulfonyl, sulfinyl, alkylamino, carboxy, ester, ether, amido, sulfonic acid, sulfonamide, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, alkoxycarbonyl, alkylsulfinyl, arylsulfinyl, alkylthio, arylthio, alkyl, alkoxy, oxyester, oxyamido, aryl, arylamino, aryloxy, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, vinyl; R.sup.3 is hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, amino, nitro, cyano, acyl, acyloxy, sulfonyl, sulfinyl, alkylamino, carboxy, ester, ether, amido, sulfonic acid, sulfonamide, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, alkoxycarbonyl, alkylsulfinyl, arylsulfinyl, alkylthio, arylthio, alkyl, alkoxy, oxyester, oxyamido, aryl, arylamino, aryloxy, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, (C2-C5)alkenyl, (C2-C5)alkynyl, azido, phenylsulfonyloxy; R.sup.7 is hydrogen, hydroxy, alkyl, aryl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, alkoxy, aryloxy; and each alkenyl, alkynyl, azido may independently be optionally substituted by one or more halogen, cyano, thiocyano, azido, alkylthio, cyclopropyl, acyl, phenyl; which process comprises the reaction of an .alpha.-ketocarboxylic acid derivative of general formula (C') with a pyrrolidinone of general formula (D) according to the following Scheme (2): ##STR23##

3. A process for preparing a compound having formula (A), ##STR24## wherein X is --CONH.sub.2 or --CONR.sup.5 R.sup.6 ; R.sup.1 is hydrogen or alkyl, aryl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, halogen, hydroxy, amino, nitro, cyano; R.sup.2, R.sup.4 are the same or different and each is independently hydrogen or halogen, hydroxy, amino, nitro, cyano, acyl, acyloxy, sulfonyl, sulfinyl, alkylamino, carboxy, ester, ether, amido, sulfonic acid, sulfonamide, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, alkoxycarbonyl, alkylsulfinyl, arylsulfinyl, alkylthio, arylthio, alkyl, alkoxy, oxyester, oxyamido, aryl, arylamino, aryloxy, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, vinyl; R.sup.3 is hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, amino, nitro, cyano, acyl, acyloxy, sulfonyl, sulfinyl, alkylamino, carboxy, ester, ether, amido, sulfonic acid, sulfonamide, alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, alkoxycarbonyl, alkylsulfinyl, arylsulfinyl, alkylthio, arylthio, alkyl, alkoxy, oxyester, oxyamido, aryl, arylamino, aryloxy, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, (C2-C5)alkenyl, (C2-C5)alkynyl, azido, phenylsulfonyloxy; R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 are the same or different and each is independently hydrogen, hydroxy, alkyl, aryl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, alkoxy, aryloxy; and each alkenyl, alkynyl, azido may independently be optionally substituted by one or more halogen, cyano, thiocyano, azido, alkylthio, cyclopropyl, acyl, phenyl; which process comprises the conversion of an acid, where this acid is a compound of formula (A) where X is CO.sub.2 H, with the acid chloride with subsequent ammonolysis or reaction with a primary or secondary amine of the general formula HNR.sup.5 R.sup.6 according to the following Schemes 3 or 4: ##STR25## ##STR26##

4. A process for preparing (S)-.alpha.-ethyl-2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine acetamide or (R)-.alpha.-ethyl-2-oxo-1-pyrrolidineacetamide, which comprises subjecting a compound of formula A' in the form of a Z isomer or an E isomer to asymmetric hydrogenation using a chiral catalyst according to the following scheme: ##STR27##
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