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Details for Patent: 6,831,174

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Details for Patent: 6,831,174

Title: Processes for preparing substituted 1, 3-oxathiolanes with antiviral properties
Abstract:Disclosed are processes for preparing compounds of the formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable salts or esters thereof: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.2 is a purine or pyrimidine base or an analogue or derivative thereof; and Z is S, S.dbd.O or SO.sub.2. The invention also relates to intermediates of use in the preparation of these compounds.
Inventor(s): Belleau; Bernard (late of Westmount, CA), Belleau; Pierrette (Westmount, CA), Mansour; Tarek (Montreal, CA), Tse; Allan (Ville St-Laurent, CA), Evans; Colleen A. (Montreal, CA), Jin; Haolun (Pierrefonds, CA), Zacharie; Boulos (Laval des Rapides, CA), Nguyen-Ba; Nghe (La Prairie, CA)
Assignee: Shire BioChem Inc. (Quebec, CA)
Filing Date:Jan 16, 2001
Application Number:09/760,380
Claims:1. A process comprising: reacting a mercaptoacetaldehyde with a compound of formula R.sub.y OOCCHO, wherein R.sub.y is C.sub.1-12 alkyl or C.sub.6-20 aryl to obtain a compound of formula (XV) ##STR43## converting the hydroxyl group of the compound of formula (XV) to a leaving group L to obtain a compound of formula (XVI): ##STR44## reacting the compound of formula (XVI) with a silylated R.sub.2 -compound, in the presence of a Lewis acid, whereby said leaving group is displaced, to produce a compound of formula (XVII): ##STR45##

wherein Z is S; R.sub.2 is selected from the following group: ##STR46## X is oxygen or sulfur; Y is oxygen or sulfur; R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are independently selected from hydrogen, hydroxyl, amino, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.2-6 alkenyl, C.sub.2-6 alkynyl, and C.sub.1-10 acyl or aracyl; and R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 are independently selected hydrogen, halogen, hydroxyl, amino, cyano, carboxy, carbamoyl, alkoxycarbonyl, hydroxymethyl, trifluoromethyl, thioaryl, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.2-6 alkenyl, C.sub.1-6 alkynyl, and C.sub.1-10 acyloxy.

2. A process comprising: reacting a mercaptoacetaldehyde with a compound of formula R.sub.y OOCCHO, wherein R.sub.y is C.sub.1-12 alkyl or C.sub.6-20 aryl to obtain a compound of formula (XV) ##STR47## converting the hydroxyl group of the compound of formula (XV) to a leaving group L to obtain a compound of formula (XVI): ##STR48## reacting the compound of formula (XVI) with a silylated R.sub.2 -compound, in the presence of a Lewis acid, whereby said leaving group is displaced, to produce a compound of formula (XVII): ##STR49##

wherein Z is S; R.sub.2 is selected from the following group: ##STR50##

wherein R.sub.11 is selected from hydrogen, acetyl, and C.sub.1-6 alkyl; R.sub.12 is selected from hydrogen, hydroxymethyl, trifluoromethyl, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.1-6 alkenyl, bromine, chlorine, fluorine, and iodine; and R.sub.14 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, carboxy, ethoxycarbonyl, carbamoyl, and thiocarbamoyl.

3. A process according to claim 1, wherein L is OR.sub.2, wherein R.sub.2 is selected from: C.sub.1-6 alkyl groups, C.sub.1-6 aliphatic groups, aromatic acyl groups, saturated or unsaturated alkoxycarbonyl groups, sulphonyl imidazolide, carbonyl imidazolide, aliphatic or aromatic amino carbonyl groups, alkyl imidate groups, saturated or unsaturated phosphinoyl, and aliphatic or aromatic sulphonyl groups.

4. A process according to claim 2, wherein L is OR.sub.2, wherein R.sub.2 is selected from: C.sub.1-6 alkyl groups, C.sub.1-6 aliphatic groups, aromatic acyl groups, saturated or unsaturated alkoxycarbonyl groups, sulphonyl imidazolide, carbonyl imidazolide, aliphatic or aromatic amino carbonyl groups, alkyl imidate groups, saturated or unsaturated phosphinoyl, and aliphatic or aromatic sulphonyl groups.

5. A process according to claim 1, wherein the mercaptoacetaldehyde is a monomer obtained from 1,4-dithiane-2,5-diol dissolved in an inert solvent.

6. A process according to claim 5, wherein said inert solvent is selected from the group consisting of: pyridine, toluene and DMSO.

7. A process according to claim 1, wherein said compound of formula RyOOCCHO is ethyl gloxylate.

8. A process according to claim 2, wherein the mercaptoacetaldehyde is a monomer obtained from 1,4-dithiane-2,5-diol dissolved in an inert solvent.

9. A process according to claim 8, wherein said inert solvent is selected from the group consisting of: pyridine, toluene and DMSO.

10. A process according to claim 2, wherein said compound of formula RyOOCCHO is ethyl gloxylate.

11. A process comprising: reacting a mercaptoacetaldehyde with a compound of formula R.sub.y OOCCHO, wherein R.sub.y is C.sub.1-12 alkyl or C.sub.6-20 aryl to obtain a compound of formula (XV) ##STR51## converting the hydroxyl of the compound of formula (XV) to a leaving group L to obtain a compound of formula (XVI): ##STR52## converting the group R.sub.y O.sub.2 C of the compound of formula (XVI) to a hydroxymethyl group; protecting the resulting hydroxymethyl with a protecting function R.sub.1 to obtain a compound of formula (XXII): ##STR53##

wherein R.sub.1 is selected from the group consisting of C.sub.1-16 acyl, t-butyldimethylsilyl, and t-butyldiphenylsily; reacting the compound of formula (XXII) with a silylated-R.sub.2 compound, in the presence of a Lewis acid, whereby said leaving group is displaced, to obtain a compound of formula (XXIII): ##STR54##

wherein Z is S; R.sub.2 is selected from the following group: ##STR55## X is oxygen or sulfur; Y is oxygen or sulfur; R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are independently selected from hydrogen, hydroxyl, amino, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.2-6 alkenyl, C.sub.2-6 alkynyl, and C.sub.1-10 acyl or aracyl; and R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 are independently selected hydrogen, halogen, hydroxyl, amino, cyano, carboxy, carbamoyl, alkoxycarbonyl, hydroxymethyl, trifluoromethyl, thioaryl, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.2-6 alkenyl, C.sub.2-6 alkynyl, and C.sub.1-10 acyloxy; and optionally further comprising oxidizing Z of said compound of formula (XXIII) to obtain a compound of formula (XXIII) wherein Z is S.dbd.O or SO.sub.2.

12. A process comprising: reacting a mercaptoacetaldehyde with a compound of formula R.sub.y OOCCHO, wherein R.sub.y is C.sub.1-12 alkyl or C.sub.6-20 aryl to obtain a compound of formula (XV) ##STR56## converting the hydroxyl of the compound of formula (XV) to a leaving group L to obtain a compound of formula (XVI): ##STR57## converting the group R.sub.y O.sub.2 C of the compound of formula (XVI) to a hydroxymethyl group; protecting the resulting hydroxymethyl with a protecting function R.sub.1 to obtain a compound of formula (XXII): ##STR58##

wherein R.sub.1 is selected from the group consisting of C.sub.1-16 acyl, t-butyldimethylsilyl, and t-butyldiphenylsily; reacting the compound of formula (XXII) with a silylated-R.sub.2 compound, in the presence of a Lewis acid, whereby said leaving group is displaced, to obtain a compound of formula (XXIII): ##STR59##

wherein Z is S; R.sub.2 is selected from the following group: ##STR60##

wherein R.sub.11 is selected from hydrogen, acetyl, and C.sub.1-6 alkyl; R.sub.12 is selected from hydrogen, hydroxymethyl, trifluoromethyl, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.1-6 alkenyl, bromine, chlorine, fluorine, and iodine; and R.sub.14 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, carboxy, ethoxycarbonyl, carbamoyl, and thiocarbamoyl; and optionally further comprising oxidizing Z of said compound of formula (XXIII) to obtain a compound of formula (XXIII) wherein Z is S.dbd.O or SO.sub.2.

13. A process according to claim 11, further comprising the step of removing the hydroxyl protecting function R.sub.1 from compound (XXIII) to obtain a compound of formula (I): ##STR61##

wherein Z is S, S.dbd.O or SO.sub.2, and R.sub.2 is as defined.

14. A process according to claim 13, wherein the Lewis acid is selected from the group consisting of: TMSOTf, TMSI, TiCl.sub.4 and SnCl.sub.4.

15. A process according to claim 12, further comprising the step of removing the hydroxyl protecting function R.sub.1 from compound (XXIII) to obtain a compound of formula (I): ##STR62##

wherein Z is S, S.dbd.O, or SO.sub.2, and R.sub.2 is as defined.

16. A process according to claim 15, wherein the Lewis acid is selected from the group consisting of: TMSOTf, TMSI, TiCl.sub.4 and SnCl.sub.4.

17. A process comprising: reacting a mercaptoacetaldehyde with a compound of formula R.sub.y OOCCHO, wherein R.sub.y is C.sub.1-12 alkyl or C.sub.6-20 aryl to obtain a compound of formula (XV) ##STR63## converting the hydroxyl of the compound of formula (XV) to a leaving group L to obtain a compound of formula (XVI): ##STR64## reacting the compound of formula (XVI) with a silylated--R.sub.2 compound in the presence of a Lewis acid, whereby said leaving group is displaced, to produce a compound of formula (XVII): ##STR65##

wherein Z is S; R.sub.2 is selected from the following group: ##STR66## X is oxygen or sulfur; Y is oxygen or sulfur; R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are independently selected from hydrogen, hydroxyl, amino, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.2-6 alkenyl, C.sub.2-6 alkynyl, and C.sub.1-10 acyl or aracyl; and R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 are independently selected hydrogen, halogen, hydroxyl, amino, cyano, carboxy, carbamoyl, alkoxycarbonyl, hydroxymethyl, trifluoromethyl, thioaryl, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.2-6 alkenyl, C.sub.2-6 alkynyl, and C.sub.1-10 acyloxy.

18. A process comprising: reacting a mercaptoacetaldehyde with a compound of formula R.sub.y OOCCHO, wherein R.sub.y is C.sub.1-12 alkyl or C.sub.6-20 aryl to obtain a compound of formula (XV) ##STR67## converting the hydroxyl of the compound of formula (XV) to a leaving group L to obtain a compound of formula (XVI): ##STR68## reacting the compound of formula (XVI) with a silylated--R.sub.2 compound in the presence of a Lewis acid, whereby said leaving group is displaced, to produce a compound of formula (XVII): ##STR69##

wherein Z is S; R.sub.2 is selected from the following group: ##STR70## R.sub.11 is selected from hydrogen, acetyl, and C.sub.1-6 alkyl; R.sub.12 is selected from hydrogen, hydroxymethyl, trifluoromethyl, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.1-6 alkenyl, bromine, chlorine, fluorine, and iodine; and R.sub.14 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, carboxy, ethoxycarbonyl, carbamoyl, and thiocarbamoyl.

19. A process according to claim 17, further comprising oxidizing Z of the compound of formula (XVII) to give a compound of formula (XVII) wherein Z is S.dbd.O or SO.sub.2.

20. A process according to claim 17, wherein the Lewis acid is selected from the group consisting of: TMSOTf, TMSI, TiCl.sub.4 and SnCl.sub.4.

21. A process according to claim 17, further comprising optionally oxidizing Z of the compound of formula (XVII) to give a compound of formula XVII wherein Z is S.dbd.O or SO.sub.2 and reducing the R.sub.y O.sub.2 C group of the compound of formula (XVII) to obtain a compound of formula (I): ##STR71##

wherein:

Z is selected from the group consisting of S, S.dbd.O and SO.sub.2.

22. A process according to claim 18, further comprising oxidizing Z of the compound of formula (XVII) to give a compound of formula (XVII) wherein Z is S.dbd.O or SO.sub.2.

23. A process according to claim 18, wherein the Lewis acid is selected from the group consisting of: TMSOTf, TMSI, TiCl.sub.4 and SnCl.sub.4.

24. A process according to claim 18, further comprising optionally oxidizing Z of the compound of formula (XVII) to give a compound of formula XVII wherein Z is S.dbd.O or SO.sub.2 and reducing the R.sub.y O.sub.2 C group of the compound of formula (XVII) to obtain a compound of formula (I): ##STR72##

wherein:

Z is selected from the group consisting of S, S.dbd.O and SO.sub.2.

25. A process comprising: reacting a mercaptoacetaldehyde with a compound of formula R.sub.w OCH.sub.2 CHO, under neutral or basic conditions, wherein R.sub.w is hydrogen or a hydroxyl protecting group to obtain a compound of formula (XIII) ##STR73## converting the hydroxyl of the compound of formula (XIII) to a leaving group L to obtain a compound of formula (XIV): ##STR74## reacting the compound of formula (XIV) with a silylated R.sub.2 compound, in the presence of a Lewis acid, said leaving group is displaced, to produce a compound of formula (IX):

wherein ##STR75## Z is S, and R.sub.2 is selected from the following group: ##STR76## X is oxygen or sulfur; Y is oxygen or sulfur; R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, hydroxyl, amino, substituted or unsubstituted C.sub.1-6 alkyl or C.sub.2-6 alkenyl or C.sub.2-6 alkynyl, and substituted or unsubstituted C.sub.1-10 acyl or aracyl; and R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxyl, amino, cyano, carboxy, carbamoyl, alkoxycarbonyl, hydroxymethyl, trifluoromethyl, thioaryl, substituted or unsubstituted C.sub.1-6 alkyl or C.sub.2-6 alkenyl or C.sub.2-6 alkynyl, and substituted or unsubstituted C.sub.1-10 acyloxy; and optionally further comprising oxidizing Z of said compound of formula (IX) to obtain a compound of formula (IX) wherein Z is S.dbd.O or SO.sub.2.

26. A process comprising: reacting a mercaptoacetaldehyde with a compound of formula R.sub.w OCH.sub.2 CHO, under neutral or basic conditions, wherein R.sub.w is hydrogen or a hydroxyl protecting group to obtain a compound of formula (XIII) ##STR77## converting the hydroxyl of the compound of formula (XIII) to a leaving group L to obtain a compound of formula (XIV): ##STR78## reacting the compound of formula (XIV) with a silylated R.sub.2 compound, in the presence of a Lewis acid, said leaving group is displaced, to produce a compound of formula (IX): ##STR79##

wherein Z is S, and R.sub.2 is selected from the following group: ##STR80## wherein R.sub.11 is selected from hydrogen, acetyl, and C.sub.1-6 alkyl groups; R.sub.12 is selected from hydrogen, hydroxymethyl, trifluoromethyl, substituted or unsubstituted C.sub.1-6 alkyl or alkenyl, bromine, chlorine, fluorine, and iodine; and R.sub.14 is selected from hydrogen, cyano, carboxy, ethoxycarbonyl, carbamoyl, and thiocarbamoyl.

27. A process according to claim 25, wherein L is OR.sub.z, wherein R.sub.z is selected from: C.sub.1-6 alkyl groups, C.sub.1-6 aliphatic, aromatic acyl groups, saturated or unsaturated alkoxycarbonyl groups, sulphonyl imidazolide, carbonyl imidazolide, aliphatic or aromatic amino carbonyl groups, alkyl imidate groups, saturated or unsaturated phosphinoyl, and aliphatic or aromatic sulphonyl groups.

28. A process according to claim 26, wherein L is OR.sub.z, wherein R.sub.2 is selected from: C.sub.1-6 alkyl groups, C.sub.1-6 aliphatic, aromatic acyl groups, saturated or unsaturated alkoxycarbonyl groups, sulphonyl imidazolide, carbonyl imidazolide, aliphatic or aromatic amino carbonyl groups, alkyl imidate groups, saturated or unsaturated phosphinoyl, and aliphatic or aromatic sulphonyl groups.

29. A process according to claim 25, wherein the mercaptoacetaldehyde is a monomer obtained from 1,4-dithiane-2,5-diol dissolved in an inert solvent.

30. A process according to claim 29, wherein said inert solvent is selected from pyridine, toluene and DMSO.

31. A process according to claim 25, further comprising oxidizing the sulfur of the compound of formula (IX) to give a compound of formula (IX) wherein Z is S.dbd.O or SO.sub.2.

32. A process according to claim 26, wherein the mercaptoacetaldehyde is a monomer obtained from 1,4-dithiane-2,5-diol dissolved in an inert solvent.

33. A process according to claim 32, wherein said inert solvent is selected from pyridine, toluene and DMSO.

34. A process according to claim 26, further comprising oxidizing the sulfur of the compound of formula (IX) to give a compound of formula (IX) wherein Z is S.dbd.O or SO.sub.2.

35. A process comprising: reacting a mercaptoacetaldehyde with a compound of formula R.sub.y OOCCHO, wherein R.sub.y is C.sub.1-12 alkyl or C.sub.6-20 aryl to obtain a compound of formula (XV) ##STR81## converting the hydroxyl group of the compound of formula (XV) to a leaving group L to obtain a compound of formula (XVI): ##STR82## reacting the compound of formula (XVI) with a silylated R.sub.2 -compound , in the presence of a Lewis acid, whereby said leaving group is displaced, to produce a compound of formula (XVII): ##STR83##

wherein Z is S; R.sub.2 is selected from the following group: ##STR84## X is oxygen or sulfur, Y is oxygen or sulfur; R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are independently selected from hydrogen, hydroxyl, amino, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.2-6 alkenyl, C.sub.2-6 alkynyl, and C.sub.1-10 acyl or aracyl; and R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 are independently selected hydrogen, halogen, hydroxyl, amino, cyano, carboxy, carbamoyl, alkoxycarbonyl, hydroxymethyl, trifluoromethyl, thioaryl, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.2-6 alkenyl, C.sub.2-6 alkynyl, and C.sub.1-10 acyloxy.

36. A process comprising: reacting a mercaptoacetaldehyde with a compound of formula R.sub.w OCH.sub.2 CHO, under neutral or basic conditions, wherein R.sub.w is hydrogen or a hydroxyl protecting group to obtain a compound of formula (XIII) ##STR85## converting the hydroxyl of the compound of formula (XIII) to a leaving group L to obtain a compound of formula (XIV): ##STR86## reacting the compound of formula (XIV) with a silylated R.sub.2 compound, in the presence of a Lewis acid, said leaving group is displaced, to produce a compound of formula (IX):

wherein ##STR87## Z is S, and R.sub.2 is selected from the following group: ##STR88## X is oxygen or sulfur; Y is oxygen or sulfur; R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are independently selected from hydrogen, hydroxyl, amino, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.2-6 alkenyl, C.sub.2-6 alkynyl, and C.sub.1-10 acyl or aracyl; and R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 are independently selected hydrogen, halogen, hydroxyl, amino, cyano, carboxy, carbamoyl, alkoxycarbonyl, hydroxymethyl, trifluoromethyl, thioaryl, C.sub.1-6 alkyl, C.sub.2-6 alkenyl, C.sub.2-6 alkynyl, and C.sub.1-10 acyloxy.
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