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Details for Patent: 6,641,838

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Details for Patent: 6,641,838

Title: Effervescent drug delivery system for oral administration
Abstract:The pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention comprise orally administerable dosage forms that use effervescence as a penetration enhancer for drugs known, or suspected, of having poor bioavailability. Effervescence can occur in the stomach, once the tablet or other dosage form is ingested. In addition to effervescence in the stomach, or as alternative technique, by the use of appropriate coatings and other techniques, the effervescence can occur in other parts of the gastrointestinal tract, including, but not limited to, the esophagus, duodenum, and colon. The site of effervescence and drug release is chosen to correspond with the segment of the gastrointestinal tract displaying maximal absorption of the formulated drug, or to gain some other therapeutic advantage.
Inventor(s): Pather; S. Indiran (Plymouth, MN), Robinson; Joseph R. (Madison, WI), Eichman; Jonathan D. (Ann Arbor, MI), Khankari; Rajendra K. (Maple Grove, MN), Hontz; John (Plymouth, MN), Gupte; Sangeeta V. (Maple Grove, MN)
Assignee: Cima Labs Inc. (Minneapolis, MN)
Filing Date:Oct 29, 2001
Application Number:10/021,109
Claims:1. A dosage form for delivery of a therapeutically effective amount of a drug to a target area in the gastrointestinal tract of a mammal, said dosage form comprising: (a) a therapeutically effective amount of a drug; (b) at least one effervescent penetration enhancer present in an amount sufficient to increase the penetration of said drug across said target area of said gastrointestinal tract to permit delivery of said therapeutically effective amount of said drug, wherein said amount of said at least one effervescent penetration enhancer is at least about two times the amount of said drug; and (c) an enteric coating maintained over said drug and said at least one effervescent penetration enhancer; wherein said enteric coating prevents the release of said drug and said at least one effervescent penetration enhancer until a time at which said dosage form reaches said target area in said gastrointestinal tract.

2. The dosage form of claim 1, wherein said amount of said at least one effervescent penetration enhancer is equal to about two times the amount of said drug.

3. The dosage form of claim 1, wherein said amount of said at least one effervescent penetration enhancer is at least about three times the amount of said drug.

4. The dosage form of claim 3, wherein said amount of said at least one effervescent penetration enhancer is equal to about three times the amount of said drug.

5. The dosage form of claim 3, wherein said at least one effervescent penetration enhancer comprises a pharmaceutically acceptable effervescent couple; said effervescent couple comprising an acid or equivalent thereof and a base or equivalent thereof.

6. The dosage form of claim 5, wherein said base or equivalent thereof is present in an amount equal to or greater than about two times the amount of said drug; and said acid is present in an amount approximately equimolar to said base.

7. The dosage form of claim 6, wherein said base or equivalent thereof is present in an amount equal to or greater than about three times the amount of said drug.

8. The dosage form of claims 1 or 3, further comprising a pH adjusting substance.

9. The dosage form of claims 1 or 3, further comprising a bioadhesive, wherein said bioadhesive increases contact time between said drug and a mucosal layer of said target area.

10. The dosage form of claim 9, wherein said bioadhesive is contained in a portion of said dosage form external to said drug.

11. The dosage form of claims 1 or 3, further comprising at least one noneffervescent penetration enhancer.

12. The dosage form of claims 1 or 3, further comprising at least one disintegration agent, wherein said disintegration agent causes the rapid dispersion of said drug to said target area of said gastrointestinal tract.

13. The dosage form of any one of claims 1 or 3, wherein said enteric coating comprises a material that reacts with an enzyme present in said target area of the gastrointestinal tract to release said drug and said effervescent penetration enhancer.

14. The dosage form of claims 1 or 3, wherein said dosage form is a tablet.

15. The dosage form of claims 1 or 3, wherein said dosage form is a capsule.

16. The dosage form of claims 1 or 3, wherein said dosage form is in the form of granules.

17. The dosage form of any one of claims 1 or 3, wherein said dosage from is in the form of pellets.

18. The dosage form of claim 14, wherein said tablet contains a biconcave zone central to two outer zones; wherein said drug and said effervescent penetration enhancer are located in said biconcave zone.

19. The dosage form of claim 18, wherein said two outer zones contain a bioadhesive.

20. The dosage form of claim 5, wherein said base is sodium bicarbonate.

21. The dosage form of claim 1, wherein said drug is a drug that displays poor bioavailability in said gastrointestinal tract.

22. The dosage form of claim 21, wherein said target area is selected from the group consisting of stomach, duodenum, intestines, and colon.

23. The dosage form of claims 1 or 3, wherein said dosage form is a tablet, and said effervescent penetration enhancer is present in the amount of between about 5% and about 95% based on the weight of said tablet.

24. The dosage form of claim 23, wherein said effervescent penetration enhancer is present in the amount of between about 30% to about 60% based on the weight of said tablet.
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