|Title:||Non-antigenic branched polymer conjugates|
|Abstract:||Branched, substantially non-antigenic polymers are disclosed. Conjugates prepared with the polymers and biologically active molecules such as proteins and peptides demonstrate extended circulating life in vivo. Substantially fewer sites on the biologically active material are used as attachment sites. Methods of forming the polymer, conjugating the polymers with biologically active moieties and methods of using the conjugates are also disclosed.|
|Inventor(s):||Greenwald; Richard B. (Somerset, NJ), Martinez; Anthony J. (Hamilton Square, NJ)|
|Assignee:||Enzon, Inc. (Bridgewater, NJ)|
|Filing Date:||Apr 07, 2000|
|Claims:||1. A branched polymer comprising the formula: ##STR34## |
wherein (a) is from 1 to 5.
2. A method of preparing a branched substantially non-antigenic polymer, comprising providing a compound of the formula: ##STR35##
wherein: (a) is an integer of from about 1 to about 5; R.sub.2 is a spacer moiety selected from the group consisting of: --CO--NH--(CH.sub.2 --).sub.d X.sub.4 --, --CO--NH--(CH.sub.2 --CH.sub.2 --O--).sub.d H, ##STR36##
wherein (d) is an integer between about 1 and about 18 inclusive; and X.sub.4 is selected from the group consisting of OH, NH.sub.2, and COOH; and converting the terminal group of R.sub.2 into a functional group capable of bonding with a biologically active nucleophile.
3. The method of claim 2, wherein said functional group capable of bonding with a biologically active nucleophile is selected from the group consisting of carbonyl imidazole, aziactones, cyclic imide thiones, isocyanates, isothiocyanates, primary amines, hydrazines, acyl hydrazines, carbazates, semicarbazates, thiocarbazates and phenylglyoxals.
4. The method of claim 3, wherein said functional group capable of bonding with a biologically active nucleophile is a cyclic imide thione.
5. A polymer conjugate of the formula: ##STR37##
wherein (protein) is an antibody fragment.
6. The polymer conjugate of claim 5, wherein the molecular weight of said polymer is less than about 80,000 daltons.
7. The polymer conjugate of claim 5, wherein said polymer conjugate has a molecular weight of from about 200 to about 80,000 daltons.
8. The polymer conjugate of claim 5, wherein said polymer conjugate has a molecular weight of from about 2,000 to about 42,000 daltons.
9. The polymer conjugate of claim 5, wherein said polymer conjugate has a molecular weight of from about 5,000 to about 20,000 daltons.
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