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Details for Patent: 6,500,832

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Details for Patent: 6,500,832

Title: .alpha.- and .beta.-amino acid hydroxyethylamino sulfonamides useful as retroviral protease inhibitors
Abstract:.alpha.- and .beta.-amino acid hydroxyethylamino sulfonamide compounds are effective as retroviral protease inhibitors, and in particular as inhibitors of HIV protease.
Inventor(s): Vazquez; Michael L. (Gurnee, IL), Mueller; Richard A. (Glencoe, IL), Talley; John J. (St. Louis, MO), Getman; Daniel P (Chesterfield, MO), DeCrescenzo; Gary A. (St. Peters, MO), Freskos; John N. (Clayton, MO), Heintz; Robert M. (Ballwin, MO), Bertenshaw; Deborah E. (Brentwood, MO)
Assignee: G. D. Searle & Co. (Skokie, IL)
Filing Date:Mar 14, 2000
Application Number:09/525,161
Claims:1. A method of inhibiting a retroviral protease comprising administering a protease inhibiting amount of a compound represented by the formula (I): ##STR496## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or ester thereof wherein R.sup.2 is an alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radical, which radical is optionally substituted with a radical selected from the group consisting of alkyl, halo, nitro, cyano, CF.sub.3, --OR.sup.9, and --SR.sup.9 radicals, wherein R.sup.9 is hydrogen or alkyl radicals; R.sup.3 is alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl or heteroaralkyl radicals; R.sup.4 is heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl or aryl radicals; Y is O or S; and A is heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkoxy, heterocycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkoxy, heteroaralkyl, heteroaralkoxy, heteroaryloxy or heteroaryl radicals; and wherein alkyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain alkyl radical containing 1 to 8 carbon atoms; alkenyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain hydrocarbon radial having at least one double bond and containing 2 to 8 carbon atoms; alkynyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched chain hydrocarbon radical having at least one triple bond and containing 2 to 10 carbon atoms; aryl, alone or in combination, is an unsubstituted phenyl or naphthyl radical or a phenyl or naphthyl radical substituted with alkyl, alkoxy, halogen, hydroxy, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, nitro, cyano, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamido, trifluoromethyl, methylthio, methylsulfinyl or methylsulfonyl radicals; cycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a saturated or partially saturated monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic alkyl radical wherein each cyclic moiety contains 3 to 8 carbon atoms; heterocycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic heterocycle radical having 1-4 nitrogen, nitrogen oxide, oxygen, sulphur, sulfone or sulfoxide heteroatom ring members, optionally benz-fused and optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, oxo, aryl or aralkyl radicals, or on a secondary nitrogen atom by hydroxy, alkyl, aralkoxycarbonyl, alkanoyl, phenyl or phenylalkyl radicals; and heteroaryl, alone or in combination, is an aromatic heterocycloalkyl, optionally substituted with respect to aryl and heterocycloalkyl radicals, and optionally a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein the retroviral protease is HIV protease.

3. A method of treating a retroviral infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound represented by the formula (I): ##STR497## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or ester thereof wherein R.sup.2 is an alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radical, which radical is optionally substituted with a radical selected from the group consisting of alkyl, halo, nitro, cyano, CF.sub.3, --OR.sup.9, and --SR.sup.9 radicals, wherein R.sup.9 is hydrogen or alkyl radicals; R.sup.3 is alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl or heteroaralkyl radicals; R.sup.4 is heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl or aryl radicals; Y is O or S; and A is heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkoxy, heterocycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkoxy, heteroaralkyl, heteroaralkoxy, heteroaryloxy or heteroaryl radicals; and wherein alkyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain alkyl radical containing 1 to 8 carbon atoms; alkenyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain hydrocarbon radial having at least one double bond and containing 2 to 8 carbon atoms; alkynyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched chain hydrocarbon radical having at least one triple bond and containing 2 to 10 carbon atoms; aryl, alone or in combination, is an unsubstituted phenyl or naphthyl radical or a phenyl or naphthyl radical substituted with alkyl, alkoxy, halogen, hydroxy, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, nitro, cyano, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamido, trifluoromethyl, methylthio, methylsulfinyl or methylsulfonyl radicals; cycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a saturated or partially saturated monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic alkyl radical wherein each cyclic moiety contains 3 to 8 carbon atoms; heterocycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic heterocycle radical having 1-4 nitrogen, nitrogen oxide, oxygen, sulphur, sulfone or sulfoxide heteroatom ring members, optionally benz-fused and optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, oxo, aryl or aralkyl radicals, or on a secondary nitrogen atom by hydroxy, alkyl, aralkoxycarbonyl, alkanoyl, phenyl or phenylalkyl radicals; and heteroaryl, alone or in combination, is an aromatic heterocycloalkyl, optionally substituted with respect to aryl and heterocycloalkyl radicals, and optionally a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

4. The method of claim 3 wherein the retroviral infection is an HIV infection.

5. A method of treating AIDS comprising administering an effective amount of a compound represented by the formula (I): ##STR498## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or ester thereof wherein R.sup.2 is an alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radical, which radical is optionally substituted with a radical selected from the group consisting of alkyl, halo, nitro, cyano, CF.sub.3, --OR.sup.9, and --SR.sup.9 radicals, wherein R.sup.9 is hydrogen or alkyl radicals; R.sup.3 is alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl or heteroaralkyl radicals; R.sup.4 is heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl or aryl radicals; Y is O or S; and A is heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkoxy, heterocycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkoxy, heteroaralkyl, heteroaralkoxy, heteroaryloxy or heteroaryl radicals; and wherein alkyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain alkyl radical containing 1 to 8 carbon atoms; alkenyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain hydrocarbon radial having at least one double bond and containing 2 to 8 carbon atoms; alkynyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched chain hydrocarbon radical having at least one triple bond and containing 2 to 10 carbon atoms; aryl, alone or in combination, is an unsubstituted phenyl or naphthyl radical or a phenyl or naphthyl radical substituted with alkyl, alkoxy, halogen, hydroxy, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, nitro, cyano, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamido, trifluoromethyl, methylthio, methylsulfinyl or methylsulfonyl radicals; cycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a saturated or partially saturated monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic alkyl radical wherein each cyclic moiety contains 3 to 8 carbon atoms; heterocycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic heterocycle radical having 1-4 nitrogen, nitrogen oxide, oxygen, sulphur, sulfone or sulfoxide heteroatom ring members, optionally benz-fused and optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, oxo, aryl or aralkyl radicals, or on a secondary nitrogen atom by hydroxy, alkyl, aralkoxycarbonyl, alkanoyl, phenyl or phenylalkyl radicals; and heteroaryl, alone or in combination, is an aromatic heterocycloalkyl, optionally substituted with respect to aryl and heterocycloalkyl radicals, and optionally a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

6. A compound represented by the formula (II): ##STR499## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or ester thereof wherein R.sup.2 is an alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radical, which radical is optionally substituted with a radical selected from the group consisting of alkyl, halo, nitro, cyano, CF.sub.3, --OR.sup.9, and --SR.sup.9 radicals, wherein R.sup.9 is hydrogen or alkyl radicals; R.sup.3 is alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl or heteroaralkyl radicals; R.sup.4 is heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl or aryl radicals; Y is O or S; and A is heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkoxy, heterocycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkoxy, heteroaralkyl, heteroaralkoxy, heteroaryloxy or heteroaryl radicals; and wherein alkyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain alkyl radical containing 1 to 8 carbon atoms; alkenyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain hydrocarbon radial having at least one double bond and containing 2 to 8 carbon atoms; alkynyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched chain hydrocarbon radical having at least one triple bond and containing 2 to 10 carbon atoms; aryl, alone or in combination, is an unsubstituted phenyl or naphthyl radical or a phenyl or naphthyl radical substituted with alkyl, alkoxy, halogen, hydroxy, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, nitro, cyano, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamido, trifluoromethyl, methylthio, methylsulfinyl or methylsulfonyl radicals; cycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a saturated or partially saturated monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic alkyl radical wherein each cyclic moiety contains 3 to 8 carbon atoms; heterocycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic heterocycle radical having 1-4 nitrogen, nitrogen oxide, oxygen, sulphur, sulfone or sulfoxide heteroatom ring members, optionally benz-fused and optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, oxo, aryl or aralkyl radicals, or on a secondary nitrogen atom by hydroxy, alkyl, aralkoxycarbonyl, alkanoyl, phenyl or phenylalkyl radicals; and heteroaryl, alone or in combination, is an aromatic heterocycloalkyl, optionally substituted with respect to aryl and heterocycloalkyl radicals, and optionally a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

7. The compound of claim 6 wherein R.sup.2 represents alkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radicals, which radicals are optionally substituted with alkyl, halogen or --OR.sup.9 radicals, wherein R.sup.9 represents hydrogen or alkyl radicals; and R.sup.3 is alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl or heteroaralkyl radicals; and wherein heterocycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a 5-6 ring membered monocyclic heterocycle radical having 1-4 nitrogen, nitrogen oxide, oxygen, sulphur, sulfone or sulfoxide heteroatom ring members, optionally benz-fused and optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, oxo, aryl or aralkyl radicals, or on a secondary nitrogen atom by hydroxy, alkyl, aralkoxycarbonyl, alkanoyl, phenyl or phenylalkyl radicals; and heteroaryl, alone or in combination, is an aromatic heterocycloalkyl, optionally substituted with respect to aryl and heterocycloalkyl radicals.

8. The compound of claim 7 wherein A is heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkoxy, heterocycloalkylalkyl, heteroaralkoxy or heteroaryl radicals; R.sup.3 represents alkyl, cycloalkyl or cycloalkylalkyl radicals; and R.sup.4 is heterocycloalkyl or aryl radicals; wherein alkyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain hydrocarbon radical containing from 1-5 carbon atoms; alkenyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain hydrocarbon radical having at least one double bond and containing from 2-5 carbon atoms; alkynyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain hydrocarbon radical having at least one triple bond and containing from 2-5 carbon atoms; heterocycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a 5-6 ring membered heterocycle or a benzfused 5-6 ring membered heterocycle having one or two nitrogen, nitrogen oxide, oxygen, sulphur, sulfone or sulfoxide heteroatoms; and heteroaryl means an aromatic 5-6 ring membered heterocycle or an aromatic benzfused 5-6 ring membered heterocycle having one or two nitrogen, nitrogen oxide, oxygen, sulphur or sulfone heteroatoms.

9. The compound of claim 8 wherein A is heterocycloalkyl or heterocycloalkoxy radicals; R.sup.2 represents alkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radicals; R.sup.3 represents alkyl, cycloalkyl or cycloalkylalkyl radicals; R.sup.4 is an aryl radical; and Y is O; and wherein heterocycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a 5-6 ring membered heterocycle having an oxygen, sulphur, sulfone or sulfoxide heteroatom.

10. The compound of claim 9, wherein A is heterocycloalkyl or heterocycloalkoxy radicals; R.sup.2 represents butyl, benzyl, cyclohexylmethyl or 2-naphthylmethyl radicals; R.sup.3 represents isobutyl, isoamyl, cyclohexyl, cyclohexylmethyl, n-butyl or n-propyl radicals; and R.sup.4 is phenyl, methoxyphenyl, cyanophenyl, chlorophenyl, hydroxyphenyl, nitrophenyl, fluorophenyl or aminophenyl radical; wherein heterocycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a 5-6 ring membered heterocycle having an oxygen, sulphur, sulfone or sulfoxide heteroatom.

11. The compound of claim 7 wherein R.sup.2 is butyl, cyclohexylmethyl, benzyl, 4-fluorobenzyl or naphthylmethyl radicals; R.sup.3 is methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, pentyl, hexyl, iso-butyl, iso-amyl, 3-methoxypropyl, 3-methylthiopropyl, 4-methylthiobutyl, 4-methylsulfonylbutyl, 2-(1-morpholino)ethyl, 4-hydroxybutyl, allyl, propargyl, cyclohexylmethyl, cyclopropylmethyl, phenyl, benzyl, 4-fluorobenzyl, 4-methoxybenzyl, 1-phenylethyl, 2-phenylethyl, naphthylmethyl, 3-pyridylmethyl or 4-pyridylmethyl radicals; R.sup.4 is phenyl, naphthyl, chlorophenyl, fluorophenyl, hydroxyphenyl, methylphenyl, methoxyphenyl, ethoxyphenyl, methylthiophenyl, methylsulfinylphenyl, methylsulfonylphenyl, acetamidophenyl, methoxycarbonylphenyl, aminophenyl, dimethylaminophenyl, nitrophenyl, trifluoromethylphenyl or thienyl radicals; Y is O; and A is quinolinyl, indolyl, pyridyl, methylpyridyl, furanyl, oxazolyl, thiazolyl, pyridylmethoxy, hydroxypyridylmethoxy, aminopyridylmethoxy, pyrimidinylmethoxy, N-oxo-pyrimidinylmethoxy, thiazolylmethoxy, tetrahydrothiophenoxy, 1,1-dioxotetrahydrothiophenoxy or tetrahydrofuranoxy radicals.

12. The compound of claim 6 wherein said heterocycloalkyl or heteroaryl is selected from optionally substituted pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, thiamorpholinyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyls, pyrazolyl, pyridyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, furyl, thienyl, triazolyl, oxazolyl, thiazolyl, indolyls, quinolynyls, isoquinolinyls, tetrahydroquinolinyls, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolinyls, quinoxalinyl, .beta.-carbolinyl, 2-benzofurancarbonyl, and benzimidazolyls radicals.

13. A compound represented by the formula (II): ##STR500##

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or ester thereof wherein R.sup.2 is an aralkyl radical; R.sup.3 is alkyl; R.sup.4 is an aryl radical; Y is O; and A is a 5-membered ring containing one oxygen or one sulfur atom.

14. The compound of claim 6 wherein said heterocycloalkyl is a 5-6 ring membered monocyclic, heterocycle radical having 1-4 nitrogen, nitrogen oxide, oxygen, sulphur, sulfone or sulfoxide heteroatom ring members, optionally benzfused and optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, oxo aryl or aralkyl radicals, or on a secondary nitrogen atom by hydroxy alkyl, aralkoxycarbonyl, alkanoyl, phenyl or phenylalkyl radicals, and said heteroaryl is an aromatic heterocycloalkyl optionally benzfused and optionally substituted.

15. The compound of claim 14 wherein said heterocycloalkyl is a 5-6 ring membered heterocycle or a benzfused 5-6 ring membered heterocycle having one or two nitrogen, nitrogen oxide, oxygen, sulfur, sulfone or sulfoxide heteroatoms; and said heteroaryl is an aromatic 5-6 ring membered heterocycle or an aromatic benzfused 5-6 ring membered heterocycle having one or two nitrogen, nitrogen oxide, oxygen sulphur or sulfone heteroatoms.

16. A method of inhibiting a retroviral protease comprising administering a compound represented by the formula (II): ##STR501## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or ester thereof wherein R.sup.2 is an alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radical, which radical is optionally substituted with a radical selected from the group consisting of alkyl, halo, nitro, cyano, CF.sub.3, --OR.sup.9, and --SR.sup.9 radicals, wherein R.sup.9 is hydrogen or alkyl radicals; R.sup.3 is alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl or heteroaralkyl radicals; R.sup.4 is heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl or aryl radicals; Y is O or S; and A is heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkoxy, heterocycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkoxy, heteroaralkyl, heteroaralkoxy, heteroaryloxy or heteroaryl radicals; wherein alkyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain alkyl radical containing 1 to 8 carbon atoms; alkenyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain hydrocarbon radial having at least one double bond and containing 2 to 8 carbon atoms; alkynyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched chain hydrocarbon radical having at least one triple bond and containing 2 to 10 carbon atoms; aryl, alone or in combination, is an unsubstituted phenyl or naphthyl radical or a phenyl or naphthyl radical substituted with alkyl, alkoxy, halogen, hydroxy, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, nitro, cyano, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamido, trifluoromethyl, methylthio, methylsulfinyl or methylsulfonyl radicals; cycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a saturated or partially saturated monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic alkyl radical wherein each cyclic moiety contains 3 to 8 carbon atoms; heterocycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic heterocycle radical having 1-4 nitrogen, nitrogen oxide, oxygen, sulphur, sulfone or sulfoxide heteroatom ring members, optionally benz-fused and optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, oxo, aryl or aralkyl radicals, or on a secondary nitrogen atom by hydroxy, alkyl, aralkoxycarbonyl, alkanoyl, phenyl or phenylalkyl radicals; and heteroaryl, alone or in combination, is an aromatic heterocycloalkyl, optionally substituted with respect to aryl and heterocycloalkyl radicals, and optionally a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

17. The method of claim 16 wherein the retroviral protease is HIV protease.

18. A method of treating a retroviral infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound represented by the formula (II): ##STR502## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or ester thereof wherein R.sup.2 is an alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radical, which radical is optionally substituted with a radical selected from the group consisting of alkyl, halo, nitro, cyano, CF.sub.3, --OR.sup.9, and --SR.sup.9 radicals, wherein R.sup.9 is hydrogen or alkyl radicals; R.sup.3 is alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl or heteroaralkyl radicals; R.sup.4 is heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl or aryl radicals; Y is O or S; and A is heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkoxy, heterocycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkoxy, heteroaralkyl, heteroaralkoxy, heteroaryloxy or heteroaryl radicals; wherein alkyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain alkyl radical containing 1 to 8 carbon atoms; alkenyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain hydrocarbon radial having at least one double bond and containing 2 to 8 carbon atoms; alkynyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched chain hydrocarbon radical having at least one triple bond and containing 2 to 10 carbon atoms; aryl, alone or in combination, is an unsubstituted phenyl or naphthyl radical or a phenyl or naphthyl radical substituted with alkyl, alkoxy, halogen, hydroxy, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, nitro, cyano, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamido, trifluoromethyl, methylthio, methylsulfinyl or methylsulfonyl radicals; cycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a saturated or partially saturated monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic alkyl radical wherein each cyclic moiety contains 3 to 8 carbon atoms; heterocycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic heterocycle radical having 1-4 nitrogen, nitrogen oxide, oxygen, sulphur, sulfone or sulfoxide heteroatom ring members, optionally benz-fused and optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, oxo, aryl or aralkyl radicals, or on a secondary nitrogen atom by hydroxy, alkyl, aralkoxycarbonyl, alkanoyl, phenyl or phenylalkyl radicals; and heteroaryl, alone or in combination, is an aromatic heterocycloalkyl, optionally substituted with respect to aryl and heterocycloalkyl radicals, and optionally a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

19. The method of claim 18 wherein the retroviral infection is an HIV infection.

20. A method of treating AIDS comprising administering an effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound represented by the formula (II): ##STR503## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or ester thereof wherein R.sup.2 is an alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radical, which radical is optionally substituted with a radical selected from the group consisting of alkyl, halo, nitro, cyano, CF.sub.3, --OR.sup.9, and --SR.sup.9 radicals, wherein R.sup.9 is hydrogen or alkyl radicals; R.sup.3 is alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl or heteroaralkyl radicals; R.sup.4 is heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl or aryl radicals; Y is O or S; and A is heterocycloalkyl, heterocycloalkoxy, heterocycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkoxy, heteroaralkyl, heteroaralkoxy, heteroaryloxy or heteroaryl radicals; wherein alkyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain alkyl radical containing 1 to 8 carbon atoms; alkenyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched-chain hydrocarbon radial having at least one double bond and containing 2 to 8 carbon atoms; alkynyl, alone or in combination, is a straight-chain or branched chain hydrocarbon radical having at least one triple bond and containing 2 to 10 carbon atoms; aryl, alone or in combination, is an unsubstituted phenyl or naphthyl radical or a phenyl or naphthyl radical substituted with alkyl, alkoxy, halogen, hydroxy, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, nitro, cyano, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, amido, alkylamido, dialkylamido, trifluoromethyl, methylthio, methylsulfinyl or methylsulfonyl radicals; cycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a saturated or partially saturated monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic alkyl radical wherein each cyclic moiety contains 3 to 8 carbon atoms; heterocycloalkyl, alone or in combination, is a monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic heterocycle radical having 1-4 nitrogen, nitrogen oxide, oxygen, sulphur, sulfone or sulfoxide heteroatom ring members, optionally benz-fused and optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, oxo, aryl or aralkyl radicals, or on a secondary nitrogen atom by hydroxy, alkyl, aralkoxycarbonyl, alkanoyl, phenyl or phenylalkyl radicals; and heteroaryl, alone or in combination, is an aromatic heterocycloalkyl, optionally substituted with respect to aryl and heterocycloalkyl radicals, and optionally a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.
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