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Details for Patent: 6,465,188

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Details for Patent: 6,465,188

Title: Nucleic acid ligand complexes
Abstract:This invention discloses a method for preparing a therapeutic or diagnostic complex comprised of a nucleic acid ligand and a lipophilic compound or non-immunogenic, high molecular weight compound by identifying a nucleic acid ligand by SELEX methodology and associating the nucleic acid ligand with a lipophilic compound or a non-immunogenic, high molecular weight compound. The invention further discloses complexes comprising one or more nucleic acid ligands in association with a lipophilic compound or non-immunogenic, high molecular weight compound.
Inventor(s): Gold; Larry (Boulder, CO), Schmidt; Paul G (Niwot, CO), Janjic; Nebojsa (Boulder, CO)
Assignee: Gilead Sciences, Inc. (Foster City, CA)
Filing Date:May 10, 2000
Application Number:09/569,572
Claims:1. A method for the preparation of a therapeutic or diagnostic Complex comprised of a Nucleic Acid Ligand and a Lipophilic Compound or a Non-Immunogenic, High Molecular Weight Compound, said method comprising: identifying a Nucleic Acid Ligand from a Candidate Mixture of Nucleic Acids, said Nucleic Acid Ligand being a ligand of a given Target by the method comprising: a) contacting the Candidate Mixture with the Target, wherein Nucleic Acids having an increased affinity to the Target relative to the Candidate Mixture may be partitioned from the remainder of the Candidate Mixture; b) partitioning the increased affinity Nucleic Acids from the remainder of the Candidate Mixture; and c) amplifying the increased affinity Nucleic Acids to yield a ligand-enriched mixture of Nucleic Acids; and d) covalently linking said identified Nucleic Acid Ligand with a Lipophilic Compound or a Non-Immunogenic, High Molecular Weight Compound.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein said Complex is comprised of a Nucleic Acid Ligand and Non-Immnunogenic, High Molecular Weight Compound.

3. The method of claim 2 wherein said Non-Immunogenic, High Molecular Weight Compound is selected from the group consisting of polyethylene glycol, dextran, albumin, and magnetite.

4. The method of claim 3 wherein said Non-Immnunogenic, High Molecular Weight Compound is polyethylene glycol.

5. The method of claim 4, which further comprises attaching an additional therapeutic or diagnostic agent with said Nucleic Acid Ligand.

6. The method of claim 5 wherein said therapeutic or diagnostic agent is covalently linked to said polyethylene glycol.

7. The method of claim 1 wherein said Complex is comprised of a Nucleic Acid Ligand and Lipophilic Compound.

8. The method of claim 7 wherein said Lipophilic Compound is selected from the group consisting of cholesterol, dialkyl glycerol and diacyl glycerol.

9. The method of claim 8 wherein said Lipophilic Compound is cholesterol.

10. The method of claim 8 wherein said Lipophilic Compound is dialkyl glycerol.

11. The method of claim 1 wherein said Lipophilic Compound is a Lipid Construct.

12. The method of claim 11 wherein the Lipid Construct is a Lipid Bilayer Vesicle.

13. The method of claim 12 wherein said Lipid Bilayer Vesicle is a Liposome.

14. The method of claim 13 wherein said Nucleic Acid Ligand is projecting from the exterior surface of said Liposome.

15. The method of claim 13, which further comprises attaching an additional therapeutic or diagnostic agent with said nucleic acid ligand.

16. The method of claim 1 wherein said Nucleic Acid Ligand targets the Complex to a preselected location.

17. A method for improving the Pharmacokinetic Properties of a Nucleic Acid Ligand said method comprising: identifying a Nucleic Acid Ligand from a Candidate Mixture of Nucleic Acids, said Nucleic Acid Ligand being a ligand of a given Target by the method comprising: a) contacting the Candidate Mixture with the Target, wherein Nucleic Acids having an increased affinity to the Target relative to the Candidate Mixture may be partitioned from the remainder of the Candidate Mixture; b) partitioning the increased affinity Nucleic Acids from the remainder of the Candidate Mixture; and c) amplifying the increased affinity Nucleic Acids to yield a ligand-enriched mixture of Nucleic Acids; and d) covalently linking said identified Nucleic Acid Ligand with a Lipophilic Compound or a Non-Immunogenic, High Molecular Weight Compound wherein the Pharmacokinetic Properties of said Complex are improved relative to the Nucleic Acid Ligand alone.
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