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Details for Patent: 6,451,561

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Details for Patent: 6,451,561

Title: Growth hormone variants
Abstract:The invention provides methods for the systematic analysis of the structure and function of polypeptides by identifying active domains which influence the activity of the polypeptide with a target substance. Such active domains are determined by substituting selected amino acid segments of the polypeptide with an analogous polypeptide segment from an analog to the polypeptide. The analog has a different activity with the target substance as compared to the parent polypeptide. The activities of the segment-substituted polypeptides are compared to the same activity for the parent polypeptide for the target. A comparison of such activities provides an indication of the location of the active domain in the parent polypeptide. The invention also provides methods for identifying the active amino acid residues within the active domain of the parent polypeptide. The method comprises substituting a scanning amino acid for one of the amino acid residues within the active domain of the parent polypeptide and assaying the residue-substituted polypeptide so formed with a target substance. The invention further provides polypeptide variants comprising segment-substituted and residue-substituted growth hormones, prolactins and placental lactogens.
Inventor(s): Wells; James A. (Burlingame, CA), Cunningham; Brian C. (Piedmont, CA)
Assignee: Genentech, Inc. (South San Francisco, CA)
Filing Date:Jun 07, 1995
Application Number:08/486,474
Claims:1. A method for forming a human growth hormone variant, said method comprising substituting at least one different amino acid for at least one of the active amino acid residues in human growth hormone, said active amino acid residue selected from the group consisting of P2, T3, P5, S7, L9, N12, L15, R16, R19, E30, E33, S43, F44, Q46, N47, P48, Q49, T50, F54, S55, E56, S57, I58, P59, S62, N63, E66, Q68, Q69, K70, S71, L73, R77, L80, F97, A98, N99, S100, L101, V102, Y103, G104, D169, T175, R178, Q181, C182, R183, S184, V185, E186, G187, S188, and F191, numbered from the N-terminus of 191-amino acid human growth hormone, to form a human growth hormone variant wherein the amino acid sequence of said variant is not found in nature and said variant binds to a target for said human growth hormone with an affinity different from the affinity of said human growth hormone for said target.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein said human growth hormone variant has at least about 92% amino acid sequence identity with said human growth hormone.

3. The method of claim 2 wherein said target is selected from the group consisting of human growth hormone receptor and human prolactin receptor.

4. The method of claim 3 wherein said substituting step consists of replacement of said active amino acid residue with alanine.

5. The method of claim 3 wherein said active amino acid residue is selected from the group consisting of P2, T3, L9, F54, I58, Q68, Q69, L73, T175, R178, C182, S184, V185, E186, S188, and F191, numbered from the N-terminus of 191-amino acid human growth hormone.

6. The method of claim 5 wherein said substituting step consists of making an amino acid substitution selected from the group consisting of P2A, T3A, L9A, F54G, F54E, F54M, F54A, F54R, F54Q, F54S, F54Y, F54W, F54L, F54I, F54V, E56G, E56M, E56F, E56A, E56R, E56Q, E56S, E56D, E56N, E56K, E56L, E56H, 158G, I58E, I58M, I58F, I58A, I58R, I58Q, I58S, I58V, I58T, Q68G, Q68E, Q68M, Q68F, Q68A, Q68R, Q68S, Q68H, Q68K, Q68D, Q68N, Q69A, L73A, T175G, T175E, T175M, T175F, T175R, T175QT175S, T175V, T175I, R178G, R178E, R178M, R178F, R178A, R178S, R178H, R178K, R178D, R178N, C182G, C182E, C182M, C182F, C182A, C182R, C182Q, C182S, S184A, V185G, V185E, V185M, V185F, V185A, V185R, V185Q, V185S, V185T, V185L, V185Y, V185W, E186A, S188A, and F191A.

7. The method of claim 5 wherein substituting stcp consists of making an amino acid substitution selected from the group consisting of F54A, F54H, E56A, E56D, E56S, I58A, I58L, Q68A, T175S, R178A, R178K, R178N, C182A, and V185A.

8. The method of claim 1 further comprising substituting an amino acid at amino acid residue G120.

9. The method of claim 1, wherein said active amino acid residue is selected from the group consisting of P2, N12, L15, R16, and R19.

10. The method of claim 1, wherein said active amino acid residue is selected from the group consisting of T3, P5, S7, and L9.

11. The method of claim 1, wherein said active amino acid residue is selected from the group consisting of E30, E33, S43, F44, and Q46.

12. The method of claim 1, wherein said active amino acid residue is selected from the group consisting of N47, P48, Q49, T50, and F54.

13. The method of claim 1, wherein said active amino acid residue is selected from the group consisting of S55, E56, S57, I58, and P59.

14. The method of claim 1, wherein said active amino acid residue is selected from the group consisting of S62, N63, E66, Q68, Q69 and K70.

15. The method of claim 1, wherein said active amino acid residue is selected from the group consisting of S71, L73, R77, L80, and F97.

16. The method of claim 1, wherein said active amino acid residue is selected from the group consisting of A98, N99, S100, L101, and V102.

17. The method of claim 1, wherein said active amino acid residue is selected from the group consisting of Y103, G104, D169, T175, and R178.

18. The method of claim 1, wherein said active amino acid residue is selected from the consisting of Q181, C182, R183, S184, and V185.

19. The method of claim 1, wherein said active amino acid residue is selected from the group consisting of E186, G187, S188, and F191.
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