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Details for Patent: 6,368,630

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Details for Patent: 6,368,630

Title: Modulated release from biocompatible polymers
Abstract:The present invention relates to a composition for the modulated release of a biologically active agent. The composition comprises a biocompatible polymeric matrix, a biologically active agent which is dispersed within the polymeric matrix, and a metal cation component which is separately dispersed within the polymeric matrix, whereby the metal cation component modulates the release of the biologically active agent from the polymeric matrix. The present invention also relates to a method for modulating the release of a biologically active agent from a biocompatible polymeric matrix, comprising the steps of dissolving a biocompatible polymer in a solvent to form a polymer solution and also separately dispersing a metal cation component and a biologically active agent within the polymer solution. The polymer solution is then solidified to form a polymeric matrix, wherein at least a significant portion of the metal cation component is dispersed in the polymeric matrix separately from the biologically active protein, and whereby the metal cation component modulates the release of the biologically active agent from the polymeric matrix.
Inventor(s): Bernstein; Howard (Cambridge, MA), Zhang; Yan (Belmont, CA), Khan; M. Amin (Carmel, IN), Tracy; Mark A. (Arlington, MA)
Assignee: Alkermes Controlled Therapeutics, Inc. (Cambridge, MA)
Filing Date:Mar 23, 1999
Application Number:09/274,613
Claims:1. A composition for the modulated release of a biologically active protein, comprising:

a) a biocompatible and biodegradable polymeric matrix;

b) an effective amount of a biologically active protein, the biologically active protein being dispersed within the polymeric matrix; and

c) a metal cation component for modulating the release of the biologically active protein from the polymeric matrix, wherein said metal cation component is selected from the group consisting of magnesium hydroxide, magnesium carbonate, calcium carbonate, zinc carbonate, magnesium acetate, zinc acetate, magnesium chloride, zinc chloride, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, magnesium citrate and zinc citrate, and wherein the metal cation component is separately dispersed within the polymeric matrix.

2. A modulated release composition of claim 1 wherein said protein is selected from the group consisting of nucleases, erythropoietin, human growth hormone, interferons, interleukins, growth factors, tumor necrosis factor, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and colony-stimulating factors.

3. A method for modulating the release of a biologically active protein from a polymeric matrix, comprising:

a) dissolving a biocompatible polymer in a solvent to form a polymer solution;

b) dispersing a metal cation component in said solvent, wherein the metal cation component comprises a metal cation selected from the group consisting of Zn(II), Mg(II) and a combination of at least two different multivalent metal cations;

c) separately dispersing a biologically active protein in said polymer solution; and

d) solidifying said polymer from said polymer solution to form a polymeric matrix, whereby the metal cation component modulates the release of the biologically active protein from the polymeric matrix.

4. A method of claim 3 wherein said protein is selected from the group consisting of nucleases, erythropoietin, human growth hormone, interferons, interleukins, growth factors, adrenocorticotropic hormone, tumor necrosis factor and colony-stimulating factors.

5. A method of claim 4 wherein said polymer is biodegradable.

6. A method of claim 5 wherein said biodegradable polymer is selected from the group consisting of poly(lactide)s, poly(glycolide)s, poly(lactide-co-glycolide)s, polyanhydrides, polyorthoesters, polyetheresters, polycaprolactone, polyesteramides, blends and copolymers thereof.

7. A method of claim 3, further comprising the step of dissolving said metal cation component in a second solvent before dispersing the metal cation component in the polymer solution, wherein the second solvent is miscible with the first solvent, and wherein said polymer is soluble in the second solvent.

8. A method of delivering a biologically active protein to an individual in need thereof comprising the step of administering to said patient a composition for the modulated release of a biologically active protein comprising:

a) a biocompatible polymeric matrix;

b) an effective amount of a biologically active protein, wherein the biologically active protein is dispersed within the polymeric matrix; and

c) one or more metal cation components for modulating release of the biologically active protein from the polymeric matrix wherein the metal cation component comprises a cation selected from the group consisting of Zn(II), Mg(II) and a combination of at least two different multivalent metal cations, and wherein the metal cation component is separately dispersed within the polymeric matrix.

9. The method of claim 8 wherein said metal cation component is selected from the group consisting of magnesium hydroxide, magnesium carbonate, zinc carbonate, magnesium acetate, zinc acetate, magnesium chloride, zinc chloride, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, magnesium citrate and zinc citrate.

10. The method of claim 8 wherein said polymer is a biodegradable polymer.

11. The method of claim 10 wherein said biodegradable polymer is selected from the group consisting of poly(lactide)s, poly(glycolide)s, poly(lactide-co-glycolide)s, poly(lactic acid)s, poly(glycolic acid)s, poly(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid)s, polyanhydrides, polyorthoesters, polyetheresters, polycaprolactone, polyesteramides, blends and copolymers thereof.
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