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Details for Patent: 6,261,599

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Details for Patent: 6,261,599

Title: Melt-extruded orally administrable opioid formulations
Abstract:Bioavailable sustained release oral opioid analgesic dosage forms, comprising a plurality of multiparticulates produced via melt extrusion techniques disclosed.
Inventor(s): Oshlack; Benjamin (New York, NY), Chasin; Mark (Manalapan, NJ), Huang; Hua-Pin (Englewood Cliffs, NJ), Sackler; David (Greenwich, CT)
Assignee: Euro-Celtique, S.A. (Luxembourg, LU)
Filing Date:Jul 23, 1999
Application Number:09/360,056
Claims:1. A method of controlling the release characteristics of a therapeutically active agent from sustained-release pharmaceutical extrudate suitable for oral administration, the sustained-release pharmaceutical extrudate being prepared by blending a therapeutically active agent together with (1) a hydrophobic material selected from the group consisting of alkylcelluloses, acrylic and methacrylic acid polymers and copolymers, shellac, zein, hydrogenated castor oil, hydrogenated vegetable oil, and mixtures thereof and (2) an optional hydrophobic fusible carrier retardant material selected from the group consisting of natural or synthetic waxes, fatty acids, fatty alcohols, and mixtures thereof; said optional hydrophobic fusible carrier having a melting point between 30-200.degree. C.; heating said blend to a temperature sufficient to soften the mixture sufficiently to extrude the same; extruding said heated mixture as a strand having a diameter of from 0.1-3 mm; cooling said strand; and optionally dividing said strand to form multiparticulates of said extrudate; the method comprising controlling the amount of air present during said extrusion phase and thereby controlling the porosity of the extrudate thereby obtained.

2. The method of claim 1, further comprising dividing said strand to form multiparticulates of said extrudate having a length of from about 0.1 to about 5 mm.

3. The method of claim 2, further comprising dividing said multiparticulates into a unit does containing an effective amount of said therapeutically active agent to render a desired therapeutic effect and providing a sustained-release of said therapeutically active agent for a time period of from about 8 to about 24 hours.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein said therapeutically active agent is an opioid analgesic.

5. The method of claim 4, wherein said opioid analgesic is selected from the group consisting of alfentanil, allylprodine, alphaprodine, anileridine, benzylmorphine, benzitramide, bupernorphine, butorphanol, clonitazene, codeine, cyclazocine, desomorphine, dextromoramide, dexocine, diampromide, dihydrocodeine, dihydromorphine, dimenoxadol, dimepheptanol, dimethylthiambutene, dioxaphetyl, butyrate, dipipanone, eptazocine, ethoheptazine, ethylmethylthiambutene, ethylmorphine, etonitazene, fentanyl, heroin, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, hydroxypethidine, isomethadone, ketobemidone, levallorphan, levorphanol, levophenacyl morphan, lofentanil, meperidine, meptazinol, metazocine, methadone, metopon, morphine, myrophine, nalbuphine, narceine, nicomorphine, norlevorphanol, normethadone, nalorphine, normorphine, norpipanone, opium, oxycodone, oxymorphone, papaveretum, pentazocine, phenadoxone, phenomorphan, phenazocine, phenoperidine, piminodine, piritramide, propheptazine, promedol, properidine, propiram, propoxyphene, sufentanil, tramadol, tilidine, salts thereof and mixtures thereof.

6. The method of claim 4 wherein said opioid analgesic is selected from the group consisting of morphine, codeine, hydromorphone, hydrocodone, oxycodone, oxymorphone, dihydrocodeine, dihydromorphine, tramadol, salts thereof and mixtures thereof.

7. The method of claim 2, further comprising containing said unit dose of said multiparticulates within a gelatin capsule.

8. The method of claim 2, further comprising compressing said unit dose of multi-particulates into a tablet.

9. The method of claim 8, wherein said therapeutically active agent is tramadol.

10. The method of claim 7 wherein said therapeutically active agent is an opioid analgesic selected from the group consisting of morphine, codeine, hydromorphone, hydrocodone, oxycodone, oxymorphone, dihydrocodeine, dihydromorphine, tramadol, salts thereof and mixtures thereof.

11. The method of claim 10, which provides an in-vitro release when assessed by the USP Paddle or Basket Method at 100 prm at 900 ml aqueous buffer (pH between 1.6 and 7.2) at 37.degree. C. from about 1 to about 42.5% opioid release after one hour, from about 5 to about 65% opioid released after 2 hours, from about 15 to about 85% opioid released after 4 hours, from about 20 to about 90% opioid released after 6 hours, from about 35 to about 95% opioid released after 12 hours, from about 45 to about 100% opioid released after 18 hours, and from about 55 to about 100% opioid released after 24 hours, by weight.

12. The method of claim 11 which provides a peak plasma level at from about 2 to about 8 hours after oral administration.

13. The method of claim 11, which provides a W.sub.50 from about 4 to about 12 hours.

14. The method of claim 11, which provides a rapid rate of initial rise in the plasma concentration of the opioid after oral administration, such that the peak plasma level obtained in-vivo occurs from about 2 to about 8 hours after oral administration.

15. The method of claim 11, which provides a rapid rate of initial rise in the plasma concentration of the opioid after oral administration, such that the absorption half-life is from about 1 to about 8 hours after oral administration (in the fasted state).

16. The method of claim 11, which provides an in-vitro release (when assessed by the USP Paddle or Basket Method at 100 prm at 900 ml aqueous buffer (pH between 1.6 and 7.2) at 37.degree. C. from about 12.5 to about 42.5% opioid released after one hour, from about 25 to about 65% opioid released after 2 hours, from about 45 to about 85% opioid released after 4 hours, and greater than about 60% opioid released after 8 hours, by weight.

17. A method of controlling the release characteristics of a therapeutically active agent from a sustained-release pharmaceutical extrudate suitable for oral administration, the sustained-release pharmaceutical extrudate being prepared by blending in an extruder, a therapeutically active agent together with one or more hydrophobic materials selected from the group consisting of alkylcelluloses, acrylic and methacrylic acid polymers and copolymers, shellac, zein hydrogenated castor oil, hydrogenated vegetable oil, and mixtures thereof, heating said blend to a temperature sufficient to soften the mixture sufficiently to extrude the same; extruding said heated mixture as a strand; and cooling said strand; the method comprising controlling the amount of air present during said extrusion phase and thereby controlling the porosity of the extrudate thereby obtained.

18. The method of claim 17, further comprising blending a hydrophobic fusible carrier retardant material selected from the group consisting of natural or synthetic waxes, fatty acids, fatty alcohols, and mixtures thereof, said hydrophobic fusible carrier having a melting point between 30-200.degree. C., with the agent and one or more hydrophobic materials.

19. The method of claim 17, further comprising dividing said strand to form multiparticulates of said extrudate having a length of from about 0.1 to about 5 mm.

20. The method of claim 17, wherein said strand has a diameter of from about 0.1 to about 3 mm.

21. The method of claim 19, further comprising dividing said multiparticulates into a unit dose containing an effective amount of said therapeutically active agent to render a desired therapeutic effect and providing a sustained-release of said therapeutically active agent for a time period of from about 8 to about 24 hours.

22. The method of claim 17, wherein said therapeutically active agent is an opioid analgesic.

23. The method of claim 22, wherein said opioid analgesic is selected from the group consisting of alfentanil, allylprodine, alphaprodine, anileridine, benzylmorphine, bezitramide, bupernorphine, butorphanol, clonitazene, codeine, cyclazocine, desomorphine, dextromoramide, dexocine, diampromide, dihydrocodeine, dihydromorphine, dimenoxadol, dimepheptanol, dimethylthiambutene, dioxaphetyl, butyrate, dipipanone, eptazocine, ethoheptazine, ethylmethylthiambutene, ethylmorphine, etonitazene, fentanyl, heroin, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, hydroxypethidine, isomethadone, ketobemidone, levallorphan, levorphanol, levophenacyl morphan, lofentanil, meperidine, meptazinol, metazocine, methadone, metopon, morphine, myrophine, nalbuphine, narceine, nicomorphine, norlevorphanol, normethadone, nalorphine, normorphine, norpipanone, opium, oxycodone, oxymorphone, papaveretum, pentazocine, phenadoxone, phenomorphan, phenazocine, phenopiperidine, piminodine, piritramide, propheptazine, promedol, properidine, propiram, propoxyphene, sufentanil, tramadol, tilidine, salts thereof and mixtures thereof.

24. The method of claim 22 wherein said opioid analgesic is selected from the group consisting of morphine, codeine, hydromorphone, hydrocodone, oxycodone, oxymorphone, dihydrocodeine, dihydromorphine, tramadol, salts thereof and mixtures thereof.

25. The method of claim 21, further comprising compressing said unit dose of multi-particulates into a tablet.

26. The method of claim 25, wherein said therapeutically active agent is tramadol or a salt thereof.

27. The method of claim 25, wherein said extrudate provides an in-vitro release when assessed by the USP Paddle or Basket Method at 100 rpm at 900 ml aqueous buffer (pH between 1.6 and 7.2) at 37.degree. C. from about 1 to about 42.5% opioid release after one hour, from about 5 to about 65% opioid released after 2 hours, from about 15 to about 85% opioid released after 4 hours, from about 20 to about 90% opioid released after 6 hours, from about 35 to about 95% opioid released after 12 hours, from about 45 to about 100% opioid released after 18 hours, and from about 55 to about 100% opioid released after 24 hours, by weight.
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