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Details for Patent: 6,184,250

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Details for Patent: 6,184,250

Title: Use of cloprostenol and fluprostenol analogues to treat glaucoma and ocular hypertension
Abstract:Disclosed is the use of cloprostenol and fluprostenol analogues and combinations thereof with other medicaments for the treatment of glaucoma and ocular hypertension and ophthalmic compositions therefor. Also disclosed are methods of treating optic nerve disorders using the cloprostenol and fluprostenol analogues.
Inventor(s): Klimko; Peter G. (Fort Worth, TX), Bishop; John E. (Groton, MA), Sallee; Verney L. (Burleson, TX), Zinke; Paul W. (Fort Worth, TX), Dean; Tom R. (Weatherford, TX), Barnes; George E. (Arlington, TX), Chandler; Michael L. (Crowley, TX)
Assignee: Alcon Laboratories, Inc. (Fort Worth, TX)
Filing Date:Mar 30, 1999
Application Number:09/281,043
Claims:1. A method of treating glaucoma and ocular hypertension which comprises topically administering to the affected eye a composition comprising a therapeutically effective amount of a combination of a first compound selected from the group consisting of beta-blockers, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, adrenergic agonists, and cholinergic agonists; together with a second compound having the absolute stereochemical structure of the following formula (IV): ##STR18##

wherein:

R.sub.1 =H; C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched alkyl; C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched acyl; C.sub.3 -C.sub.8 cycloalkyl; or a cationic salt moiety;

R.sub.2, R.sub.3 =H, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.5 straight-chain or branched alkyl; or R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together may represent O;

X=O, S, or CH.sub.2 ;

- - - represents any combination of a single bond, or a cis or trans double bond for the alpha (upper) chain; and a single bond or trans double bond for the omega (lower) chain;

R.sub.9 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl;

R.sub.11 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl;

Y=O; or H and OR.sub.15 in either configuration wherein R.sub.15 =H, C.sub.1 --C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl; and

Z=Cl or CF.sub.3 ;

with the proviso that when R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together represent O, then R.sub.1.noteq.C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched acyl; and when R.sub.2 =R.sub.3 =H, then R.sub.1.noteq.a cationic salt moiety.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein for the compound (IV):

R.sub.2, R.sub.3 taken together represent O;

X=CH.sub.2 ;

- - - represents a cis double bond for the alpha (upper) chain and a trans double bond for the omega (lower) chain;

R.sub.9 and R.sub.11 =H; and

Y=OH in the alpha configuration and H in the beta configuration.

3. The method of claim 2, wherein for the compound (IV): Z=CF.sub.3.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein: R.sub.2 =R.sub.3 =H, or R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together represent O; X=O or CH.sub.2 ; R.sub.9 =R.sub.11 =H; Y=H and OR.sub.15 ; and R.sub.15 =H.

5. The method of claim 4, wherein: R.sub.1 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight chain or branched alkyl or cationic salt moiety; and R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together represent O.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein the compound of formula (IV) is selected from the group consisting of cloprostenol, fluprostenol, 3-oxacloprostenol, 13,14-dihydrofluprostenol, and their pharmaceutically acceptable esters and salts.

7. The method of claim 4, wherein the first compound is beta-blocker.

8. The method of claim 7, wherein the beta-blocker is selected from the group consisting of timolol, betaxolol and levobetaxolol.

9. The method of claim 8, wherein the beta-blocker is timolol and the compound of formula (IV) is fluprostenol isopropyl ester.

10. The method of claim 4, wherein the first compound is an adrenergic agonist.

11. The method of claim 10, wherein the adrenergic agonist is selected from the group consisting of apraclonidine and brimonidine.

12. The method of claim 11, wherein the adrenergic agonist is brimonidine and the compound of formula (IV) is fluprostenol isopropyl ester.

13. The method of claim 1, wherein between about 0.01 and about 1000 .mu.g/eye of the compounds of formula (IV) is administered.

14. The method of claim 13, wherein between about 0.1 and about 100 .mu.g/eye of the compound of formula (IV) is administered.

15. The method of claim 14, wherein between about 0.1 and about 10 .mu.g/eye of the compound of formula (IV) is administered.

16. A topical ophthalmic composition for the treatment of glaucoma and ocular hypertension comprising an ophthalmically acceptable carrier and a therapeutically effective amount of a combination of a first compound selected from the group consisting of beta-blockers, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, adrenergic agonists, and cholinergic agonists; together with a second compound having the absolute stereochemical structure of the following formula (IV) and being substantially free of the enantiomer of said compound: ##STR19##

wherein:

R.sub.1 =H; C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched alkyl; C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched acyl; C.sub.3 -C.sub.8 cycloalkyl; or a cationic salt moiety;

R.sub.2, R.sub.3 =H, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.5 straight-chain or branched alkyl; or R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together may represent O;

X=O, S, or CH.sub.2 ;

- - - represents any combination of a single bond, or a cis or trans double bond for the alpha (upper) chain; and a single bond or trans double bond for the omega (lower) chain;

R.sub.9 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl;

R.sub.11 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl;

Y=O; or H and OR.sub.15 in either configuration wherein R.sub.15 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl; and

Z=Cl or CF.sub.3 ;

with the proviso that when R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together represent O, then R.sub.1.noteq.C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched acyl; and when R.sub.2 =R.sub.3 =H, then R.sub.1.noteq.a cationic salt moiety; and

with the further proviso that the following compound be excluded:

cyclopentane heptenol-5-cis-2-(3-.alpha.hydroxy-4-m-chlorophenoxy-1-trans-butenyl)-3,5 dihydroxy, [1.sub..alpha., 2.sub..beta., 3.sub..alpha., 5.sub..alpha. ].

17. The composition of claim 16, wherein for the compound (IV):

R.sub.2, R.sub.3 taken together represent O;

X=CH.sub.2 ;

- - - represents a cis double bond for the alpha (upper) chain and a trans double bond for the omega (lower) chain;

R.sub.9 and R.sub.11 =H; and

Y=OH in the alpha configuration and H in the beta configuration.

18. The composition of claim 17, wherein for the compound (IV): Z=CF.sub.3.

19. A method of treating an optic nerve disorder, which comprises administering to the affected eye a composition comprising a therapeutically effective amount of a compound having the absolute stereochemical structure of the following formula (IV) an being substantially free of the enantiomer of said compound: ##STR20##

wherein:

R.sub.1 =H; C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched alkyl; C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched acyl; C.sub.3 -C.sub.8 cycloalkyl; or a cationic salt moiety;

R.sub.2, R.sub.3 =H, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.5 straight-chain or branched alkyl; or R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together may represent O;

X=O, S, or CH.sub.2 ;

- - - represents any combination of a single bond, or a cis or trans double bond for the alpha (upper) chain; and a single bond or trans double bond for the omega (lower) chain;

R.sub.9 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl;

R.sub.11 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl;

Y=O; or H and OR.sub.15 in either configuration wherein R.sub.15 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl; and

Z=Cl or CF.sub.3 ;

with the proviso that when R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together represent O, then R.sub.1.noteq.C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched acyl; and when R.sub.2 =R.sub.3 =H, then R.sub.1.noteq.a cationic salt moiety; and

with the further proviso that the following compound be excluded:

cyclopentane heptenol-5-cis-2-(3-.alpha.hydroxy-4-m-chlorophenoxy-1-trans-butenyl)-3,5 dihydroxy, [1.sub..alpha., 2.sub..beta., 3.sub..alpha., 5.sub..alpha. ].

20. The method of claim 19, wherein the compound of formula (IV) is fluprostenol and its pharmaceutically acceptable esters and salts.

21. The method of claim 20, wherein the compound of formula (IV) is fluprostenol isopropyl ester.
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