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Details for Patent: 6,183,722

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Details for Patent: 6,183,722

Title: Somatostatin analogs
Abstract:This invention relates to therapeutic reagents and peptides, including radiotherapeutic reagents and peptides, radiodiagnostic reagents and peptides, and methods for producing labeled radiodiagnostic agents. Specifically, the invention relates to cyclic peptide derivatives and analogs of somatostatin, and embodiments of such peptides radiolabeled with a radioisotope, as well as methods and kits for making, radiolabeling and using such peptides for radiodiagnostic and radiotherapeutic purposes. The invention specifically relates to cyclic peptide derivatives and analogues of somatostatin radiolabeled with technetium-99m and uses thereof as scintigraphic imaging agents. The invention also specifically relates to cyclic peptide derivatives and analogues of somatostatin radiolabeled with cytotoxic radioisotopes such as rhenium-186 (.sup.186 Re) and rhenium-188 (.sup.188 Re) for use as radiotherapeutic agents. Methods and kits for making, radiolabeling and using such peptides diagnostically and therapeutically in a mammalian body are also provided.
Inventor(s): Dean; Richard T. (Bedford, NH), Lister-James; John (Bedford, NH)
Assignee: Diatide, Inc. (Londonderry, NH)
Filing Date:Oct 19, 1999
Application Number:09/420,866
Claims:1. A somatostatin receptor-binding peptide having a formula: ##STR30##

wherein R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 are independently H, lower alkyl or substituted alkyl, aryl or

substituted aryl;

R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 are each independently H, lower alkyl or substituted alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, or wherein either R.sup.3 or R.sup.4 is X.sup.1 ;

A.sup.1 and C.sup.3 are independently a bond, a D-amino acid, or an L-amino acid;

A.sup.2, A.sup.3 and C.sup.1 are each independently a bond, a lipophilic D-amino acid, or a lipophilic L-amino acid;

B.sup.1 is D--Phe, L--Phe, D--Tyr, L--Tyr, D--Nal, L--Nal, or Ain;

B.sup.2 is D--Trp or L--Trp;

B.sup.3 is D--Lys, L--Lys, Hly, Achxa, Amf, Aec, Apc, Aes, or Aps;

B.sup.4 is Thr, Ser, Val, Phe, Ile, Abu, Nle, Leu, Nva or Aib;

C.sup.2 is a bond, D--Thr, L--Thr, Ser, Val, Phe, Ile, Abu, Nle, Leu, Nva, Nal or Aib;

X.sup.1 is N(R.sup.10).sub.2, wherein each R.sup.10 is independently hydrogen, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl or substituted with a hydrophilic moiety of less than about 1500 daltons;

X.sup.2 is --COOR.sup.9, --CH.sub.2 OH, CH.sub.2 COOR.sup.9, or --CON(R.sup.9).sub.2, where each R.sup.9 is independently H, lower linear or cyclic alkyl or substituted with a hydrophilic moiety of less than about 1500 daltons;

m is 0, 1, 2 or 3;

p is 0, 1 or 2;

R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 are independently H, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, or either R.sup.7 or R.sup.8 are --COOH or CO.N(R.sup.10).sub.2 or --COOR.sup.12, or R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 together comprise O;

R.sup.12 is hydrogen, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl;

Z is S, O, NR.sup.13, NR.sup.13 NR.sup.13, NR.sup.13.CO.NR.sup.13, SO.sub.2, NR.sup.13 SO.sub.2 or S.dbd.O;

R.sup.13 is hydrogen, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl;

wherein when Z is NR.sup.13, R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 do not together comprise an oxygen atom.

2. The peptide of claim 1, wherein X.sup.1 is selected from the group consisting of an amino acid, a peptide sequence comprising 10 or fewer amino acids, a monosaccharide, an oligosaccharide comprising 10 or fewer saccharide units, a poly(N-carboxyalkyl)amine, a poly-oxy anion, and X.sup.2 is a poly(N-carboxyalkyl)amine, a polyoxy-anion, an amino acid, a peptide having an amino acid sequence of no more than 10 amino acids, a monosaccharide, or an oligosaccharide comprising 10 or fewer saccharide units.

3. The peptide of claim 1, wherein B.sup.1 is phenylalanine or tyrosine, B.sup.2 is D-tryptophan, B.sup.3 is lysine and B.sup.4 is threonine or valine.

4. The peptide of claim 1, further comprising a radioisotope selected from the group consisting of iodine-123, iodine-125, iodine-131, and astatine-211.

5. A multimer having a molecular weight of less than about 20,000 daltons comprising:

a) at least two somatostatin receptor-binding peptides, each having a formula: ##STR31##

wherein

R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 are independently H, lower alkyl or substituted alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl;

R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 are each independently H, lower alkyl or substituted alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, or wherein either R.sup.3 or R.sup.4 is X.sup.1 ;

A.sup.1 and C.sup.3 are independently a bond, a D-amino acid, or an L-amino acid;

A.sup.2, A.sup.3 and C.sup.1 are each independently a bond, a lipophilic D-amino acid, or a lipophilic L-amino acid;

B.sup.1 is D--Phe, L--Phe, D--Tyr, L--Tyr, D--Nal, L--Nal, or Ain;

B.sup.2 is D--Trp or L--Trp;

B.sup.3 is D--Lys, L--Lys, Hly, Achxa, Amf, Aec, Apc, Aes, or Aps;

B.sup.4 is Thr, Ser, Val, Phe, Ile, Abu, Nle, Leu, Nva or Aib;

C.sup.2 is a bond or D--Thr, L--Thr, Ser, Val, Phe, Ile, Abu, Nle, Leu, Nva, Nal or Aib;

X.sup.1 is N(R.sup.10).sub.2, wherein each R.sup.10 is independently hydrogen, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl or substituted with a hydrophilic moiety of less than about 1500 daltons;

X.sup.2 is --COOR.sup.9, --CH.sub.2 OH, CH.sub.2 COOR.sup.9, or --CON(R.sup.9).sub.2, where each R.sup.9 is independently H, lower linear or cyclic alkyl or substituted with a hydrophilic moiety of less than about 1500 daltons;

m is 0, 1, 2 or 3;

p is 0, 1 or 2;

R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 are independently H, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, or either R.sup.7 or R.sup.8 are --COOH or CO.N(R.sup.10).sub.2 or --COOR .sup.12, or R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 together comprise O;

R.sup.12 is hydrogen, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl;

Z is S, O, NR.sup.13, NR.sup.13 NR.sup.13, NR.sup.13.CO.NR.sup.13, SO.sub.2, NR.sup.13 SO.sub.2 or S.dbd.O;

R.sup.13 is hydrogen, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl;

wherein when Z is NR.sup.13, R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 do not together comprise an oxygen atom; and

b) a polyvalent linker covalently linked to each peptide.

6. The multimer of claim 5, wherein the linker is selected from the group consisting of bis-succinimidylmethylether, 4-(2,2-dimethylacetyl)benzoic acid, N-[2-(N',N'-bis(2-succinimidoethyl)aminoethyl)]-N.sup.6,N.sup.9 -bis(2-methyl-2-mercaptopropyl)-6,9-diazanonanamide, tris(succinimidylethyl)amine, bis-succinimidohexane, and 4-(O--CH.sub.2 CO--Gly--Gly--Cys.amide)-2-methylpropiophenone.

7. A reagent comprising:

a) a peptide having a formula: ##STR32##

wherein

R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 are independently H, lower alkyl or substituted alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl;

R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 are each independently H, lower alkyl or substituted alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, or wherein either R.sup.3 or R.sup.4 is X.sup.1 ;

A.sup.1 and C.sup.3 are independently a bond or a D- or L-amino acid;

A.sup.2,A.sup.3 and C.sup.1 are each independently a bond or a lipophilic D- or L-amino acid;

B.sup.1 is D--Phe, L--Phe, D--Tyr, L--Tyr, D--Nal, L--Nal, or Ain;

B.sup.2 is D--Trp or L--Trp;

B.sup.3 is D--Lys, L--Lys, Hly, Achxa, Amf, Aec, Apc, Aes, or Aps;

B.sup.4 is Thr, Ser, Val, Phe, Ile, Abu, Nle, Leu, Nva or Aib;

C.sup.2 is a bond or D--Thr, L--Thr, Ser, Val, Phe, Ile, Abu, Nle, Leu, Nva, Nal or Aib;

X.sup.1 is N(R.sup.10).sub.2, wherein each R.sup.10 is independently hydrogen, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl or substituted with a hydrophilic moiety of less than about 1500 daltons;

X.sup.2 is --COOR.sup.9, --CH.sub.2 OH, CH.sub.2 COOR.sup.9, or --CON(R.sup.9).sub.2, where each R.sup.9 is independently H, lower linear or cyclic alkyl or substituted with a hydrophilic moiety of less than about 1500 daltons;

m is an integer that is 0, 1, 2 or 3;

p is an integer that is 0, 1 or 2;

R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 are independently H, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, or either R.sup.7 or R.sup.8 are --COOH or --CO.N(R.sup.10).sub.2 or --COOR.sup.12, or R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 together comprise O;

R.sup.12 is hydrogen, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl;

Z is a bond, S, O, NR.sup.13, NR.sup.13 NR.sup.13, NR.sup.13.CO.NR.sup.13, SO.sub.2, NR.sup.13 SO.sub.2 or S.dbd.O;

R.sup.13 is hydrogen, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl; and

b) a radiolabel-binding moiety covalently linked to the peptide, wherein the reagent binds to somatostatin receptors.

8. The reagent of claim 7, wherein X.sup.1 is selected from the group consisting of an amino acid, a peptide sequence comprising 10 or fewer amino acids, a monosaccharide, an oligosaccharide comprising 10 or fewer saccharide units, a poly(N-carboxyalkyl)amine, or a poly-oxy anion; and X.sup.2 is selected from the group consisting of a poly(N-carboxyalkyl)amine, a polyoxy-anion, an amino acid, a peptide having an amino acid sequence of no more than 10 amino acids, a monosaccharide, or an oligosaccharide comprising 10 or fewer saccharide units.

9. The reagent of claim 7, wherein B.sup.1 is phenylalanine or tyrosine, B.sup.2 is D-tryptophan, B.sup.3 is lysine and B.sup.4 is threonine or valine.

10. The reagent of claim 7, wherein the radiolabel-binding moiety has a formula selected from the group consisting of:

(a) C(pgp).sup.S -(aa)-C(pgp).sup.S

wherein (pgp).sup.S is H or a thiol protecting group and (aa) is an amino acid;

(b) a radiolabel-binding moiety comprising a single thiol having a formula:

wherein

A is H, HOOC, H.sub.2 NOC, (peptide)-NHOC, (peptide)-OOC or R"";

B is H, SH, --NHR'" , --N(R'")-(peptide), or R"";

X is H, SH, --NHR'" , --N(R'")-(peptide) or R"";

Z is H or R"";

R', R", R'" and R"" are independently H or lower straight or branched chain or cyclic alkyl;

n is 0, 1 or 2;

and where B is --NHR'" or --N(R'")-(peptide), X is SH, and n is 1 or 2;

where X is --NHR'" or --N(R'")-(peptide), B is SH, and n is 1 or 2;

where B is H or R"", A is HOOC, H.sub.2 NOC, (peptide)-NHOC, (peptide)-OOC, X is SH, and n is 0or 1;

where A is H or R"", then where B is SH, X is --NHR'" or --N(R'")-(peptide) and

where X is SH, B is --NHR'" or --N(R'")-(peptide);

where X is H or R"", A is HOOC, H.sub.2 NOC, (peptide)-NHOC, (peptide)-OOC and B is SH;

where Z is methyl, X is methyl, A is HOOC, H.sub.2 NOC, (peptide)-NHOC, (peptide)-OOC, B is SH and n is 0;

(c) ##STR33##

wherein X=H or a protecting group;

(amino acid)=any amino acid;

(d) ##STR34##

wherein X=H or a protecting group;

(amino acid)=any amino acid;

(e) ##STR35##

wherein each R is independently H, CH.sub.3 or C.sub.2 H.sub.5 ;

each (pgp).sup.S is independently a thiol protecting group or H;

m, n and p are independently 2 or 3;

A=linear or cyclic lower alkyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, or a combination thereof;

and

(f) ##STR36##

wherein each R is independently H, CH.sub.3 or C.sub.2 H.sub.5 ;

m, n and p are independently 2 or 3;

A=linear or cyclic lower alkyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, or a combination thereof;

V=H or --CO-peptide;

R'=H or peptide;

and wherein when V=H, R'=peptide and when R'=H, V=--CO-peptide;

wherein each R is independently H, lower alkyl having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, phenyl, or phenyl substituted with lower alkyl or lower alkoxy, and wherein each n is independently 1 or 2.

11. A composition of matter comprising the reagent of claim 7 and a stannous ion.

12. A scintigraphic imaging agent comprising the reagent of claim 7 and technetium-99m, indium-111, gallium-67 or gallium-68.

13. A composition comprising a complex formed by reacting the agent of claim 12 with a non-radioactive metal.

14. A radiotherapeutic agent comprising the reagent of claim 7 and a cytotoxic radioisotope selected from the group consisting of scandium-47, copper-67, gallium-72, yttrium-90, samarium-153, gadolinium-159, dysprosium-165, holmium-166, ytterbium-175, lutetium-177, rhenium-186, rhenium-188, and bismuth-212.

15. A composition comprising a complex formed by reacting the agent of claim 14 with a non-radioactive metal.

16. The composition of claim 15, wherein the non-radioactive metal is rhenium.

17. A reagent comprising:

a) at least two peptides, each of which has a formula: ##STR37##

wherein R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 are independently H, lower alkyl or substituted alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl;

R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 are each independently H, lower alkyl or substituted alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl, or wherein either R.sup.3 or R.sup.4 is X.sup.1 ;

A.sup.1 and C.sup.3 are independently a bond or a D- or L-amino acid;

A.sup.2, A.sup.3 and C.sup.1 are each independently a bond or a lipophilic D-or L-amino acid;

B.sup.1 is D--Phe, L--Phe, D--Tyr, L--Tyr, D--Nal, L--Nal, or Ain;

B.sup.2 is D--Trp or L--Trp;

B.sup.3 is D--Lys, L--Lys, Hly, Achxa, Amf, Aec, Apc, Aes, or Aps;

B.sup.4 is Thr, Ser, Val, Phe, Ile, Abu, Nle, Leu, Nva or Aib;

C.sup.2 is a bond or D--Thr, L--Thr, Ser, Val, Phe, Ile, Abu, Nle, Leu, Nva, Nal or Aib;

X.sup.1 is N(R.sup.10).sub.2, wherein each R.sup.10 is independently hydrogen, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl or substituted with a hydrophilic moiety of less than about 1500 daltons;

X.sup.2 is --COOR.sup.9, --CH.sub.2 OH, CH.sub.2 COOR.sup.9, or --CON(R.sup.9).sub.2, where each R.sup.9 is independently H, lower linear or cyclic alkyl or substituted with a hydrophilic moiety of less than about 1500 daltons;

m is an integer that is 0, 1, 2 or 3;

p is an integer that is 0, 1 or 2;

R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 are independently H, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, or either R.sup.7 or R.sup.8 are --COOH or --CO.N(R.sup.10).sub.2 or --COOR.sup.12, or R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 together comprise O;

R.sup.12 is hydrogen, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl;

Z is a bond, S, O, NR.sup.13, NR.sup.13 NR.sup.13, NR.sup.13.CO.NR.sup.13, SO.sub.2, NR.sup.13 SO.sub.2 or S.dbd.O;

R.sup.13 is hydrogen, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl;

b) a radiolabel-binding moiety covalently linked to each peptide, and

c) a polyvalent linker covalently linked to each peptide;

wherein the reagent binds to somatostatin receptors and has a molecular weight of less than about 20,000 daltons.

18. The reagent of claim 17, wherein the linker is selected from the group consisting of bis-succinimidylmethylether, 4(2,2-dimethylacetyl)benzoic acid, N-[2-(N',N'-bis(2-succinimidoethyl)aminoethyl)]-N.sup.6,N.sup.9 -bis(2-methyl-2-mercaptopropyl)-6,9-diazanonanamide, tris(succinimidylethyl)amine, bis-succinimidohexane, and 4(O--CH.sub.2 CO--Gly--Gly--Cys.amide)-2-methylpropiophenone.

19. A kit for preparing a radiopharmaceutical preparation, said kit comprising a sealed vial containing a predetermined quantity of the reagent of claim 7 and a sufficient amount of reducing agent to label the reagent with technetium-99m, rhenium-186, or rhenium-188.

20. A composition comprising a peptide having a formula:

CH.sub.2 CO.NFFW.sub.D KTFTC.
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