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Details for Patent: 6,143,353

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Details for Patent: 6,143,353

Title: Controlled release formulations coated with aqueous dispersions of acrylic polymers
Abstract:A stable solid controlled release formulation having a coating derived from an aqueous dispersion of a hydrophobic acrylic polymer includes a substrate including an active agent selected from the group consisting of a systemically active therapeutic agent, a locally active therapeutic agent, a disinfecting and sanitizing agent, a cleansing agent, a fragrance agent and a fertilizing agent, overcoated with an aqueous dispersion of the plasticized water-insoluble acrylic polymer. The formulation provides a stable dissolution of the active agent which is unchanged after exposure to accelerated storage conditions.
Inventor(s): Oshlack; Benjamin (New York, NY), Chasin; Mark (Manalapan, NJ), Pedi, Jr.; Frank (Yorktown Heights, NY)
Assignee: Purdue Pharma LP (Norwalk, CT)
Filing Date:Mar 11, 1997
Application Number:08/816,023
Claims:1. A method for obtaining a controlled release formulation of an active agent, comprising:

preparing a solid substrate comprising an active agent;

coating said substrate with a sufficient amount of an aqueous dispersion of (i) a plasticized water-insoluble acrylic polymer comprised of monomers selected from the group consisting of an ester of acrylic acid, an ester of methacrylic acid, an alkyl ester of acrylic acid, an alkyl ester of methacrylic acid, and mixtures of any of the foregoing, and (ii) a further material selected from the group consisting of a polymerizable permeability-enhancing agent, a water-soluble acrylic polymer, a pore-former, and mixtures of any of the foregoing, to provide a controlled release of said active agent when said coated substrate is exposed to an environmental fluid, and

curing said coated substrate at a temperature greater than the glass transition temperature of the plasticized water-insoluble acrylic polymer until a curing endpoint is reached at which said coated substrate upon exposure to an environmental fluid provides a band range, when comparing the dissolution profile after exposure to accelerated storage conditions of at least one month at 40.degree. C./75% RH to the dissolution profile prior to exposure of said coated substrate to said accelerated storage conditions, which is not wider than about 15% of total active agent released at any point of time during said dissolution.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein said controlled release formulation is an oral solid dosage form, further comprising preparing said substrate for oral administration by coating said active agent onto the surface of pharmaceutically acceptable beads, and preparing an oral dosage form by placing a sufficient quantity of cured coated beads into a capsule.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein said controlled release formulation is an oral solid dosage form, further comprising preparing said substrate for oral administration by incorporating said therapeutically active agent into a tablet.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein the band range is not wider than about 10% of total active agent released at any point of time during said dissolution.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein said cured coated substrate, when subjected to in-vitro dissolution after exposure to said accelerated conditions, releases an amount of said active agent which does not vary at any given time point by more than about 7% of the total amount of active agent released when compared to in-vitro dissolution conducted prior to storage.

6. The method of claim 1, wherein said permeability-enhancing agent is a monoethylenically unsaturated quaternary ammonium compound capable of free-radical polymerization.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein said substrate is coated to a weight gain from about 2% to about 50%.

8. The method of claim 1, wherein said active agent is selected from the group consisting of a systemically active therapeutic agent, a locally active therapeutic agent, a disinfecting agent, a cleansing agent, a fragrance, a fertilizing agent, a deodorant, a dye, an animal repellant, an insect repellant, a pesticide, a herbicide, a fungicide, and a plant growth stimulant.

9. The method of claim 8, wherein said locally active therapeutic agent is selected from the group consisting of an antifungal agent, an antibiotic, an antiviral agent, a breath freshener, an antitussive agent, an anti-cariogenic agent, an analgesic agent, a local anesthetic, an antiseptic, an anti-inflammatory agent, a hormonal agent, an antiplaque agent, an acidity reducing agent, and a tooth desensitizer.

10. The method of claim 8, wherein said systemically active therapeutic agent is selected from the group consisting of antihistamines, analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, gastro-intestinals, anti-emetics, anti-epileptics, vasodilators, anti-tussive agents, expectorants, anti-asthmatics, hormones, diuretics, anti-hypotensives, anti-hypertensives, bronchodilators, antibiotics, antivirals, antihemorrhoidals, steroids, hypnotics, psychotropics, antidiarrheals, mucolytics, sedatives, decongestants, laxatives, vitamins, and stimulants.

11. The method of claim 1, wherein said substrate comprises a pharmaceutically acceptable inert bead coated with an active agent, and a plurality of said coated, cured inert beads are placed in a capsule in an amount sufficient to provide an effective controlled release dose when contacted by an aqueous solution.

12. The method of claim 10, wherein said substrate is selected from the group consisting of a tablet core and a plurality of pharmaceutically inert beads, and said cured, coated formulation when administered orally provides effective blood levels of said systemically active therapeutic agent for about 24 hours.

13. The method of claim 10, wherein said substrate is selected from the group consisting of a tablet core and a plurality of pharmaceutically inert beads, and said cured, coated formulation when administered orally provides effective blood levels of said systemically active therapeutic agent for about 12 hours.

14. The method of claim 12, wherein said active agent is an opioid analgesic selected from the group consisting of hydromorphone, oxycodone, morphine, levorphanol, methadone, meperidine, heroin, dihydrocodeine, codeine, hydrocodone, tramadol, dihydromorphine, buprenorphine, mixed opiate receptor agonist-antagonists, salts, hydrates and solvents of any of the foregoing, and mixtures of any of the foregoing.

15. The method of claim 1, wherein said coating is cured for a time period from about 24 to about 48 hours, until said endpoint is reached.

16. The method of obtaining a solid controlled release oral dosage formulation comprising; preparing a substrate comprising a systemically active therapeutic agent in an amount sufficient to provide a desired therapeutic effect when said formulation is orally administered and coating said substrate with an aqueous dispersion of a plasticized copolymer of acrylic and methacrylic acid esters having a permeability which is unaffected by the pH conditions prevailing in the digestive tract, to a weight gain sufficient to obtain a controlled release of said active agent when measured by the U.S.P. Paddle or Basket Method at 100 rpm at 900 ml aqueous buffer (pH1 between 1.6 and 7.2) at 37.degree. C. from about 0% to about 42.5% (by wt) active agent released after 1 hour, from about 25% to about 55% (by wt) active agent released after 2 hours, from about 45% to about 75% (by wt) active agent released after 4 hours and greater than about 55% (by wt) active agent released after 6 hours, said coated substrate when subjected to accelerated storage conditions of at least one month at 40.degree. C./75% RH releasing an amount of said therapeutically active agent upon in-vitro dissolution which does not vary at any given time point by more than about 15% of the total amount of therapeutically active agent released when compared to in-vitro dissolution conducted prior to storage, and when administered orally providing effective blood levels of said systemically active therapeutic agent for at least about 12 hours.

17. The method of claim 16, wherein said water-insoluble acrylic polymer comprises a mixture of copolymers of acrylic and methacrylic esters having a molar ratio of ammonium groups to (meth)acrylic esters from about 1:20 to about 1:40.

18. The method of claim 16, wherein said aqueous dispersion further comprises a pore-former which is dissolved, extracted, or leached from the coating when exposed to aqueous solutions.

19. A method for obtaining a controlled release formulation of an active agent, comprising:

preparing a solid substrate comprising an active agent;

coating said substrate with a sufficient amount of an aqueous dispersion of a plasticized water-insoluble acrylic polymer comprised of monomers selected from the group consisting of an ester of acrylic acid, an ester of methacrylic acid, an alkyl ester of acrylic acid, an alkyl ester of methacrylic acid, and mixtures of any of the foregoing, and

curing said coated substrate at a temperature greater than the glass transition temperature of the aqueous dispersion of plasticized water-insoluble acrylic polymer until a curing endpoint is reached at which said coated substrate upon exposure to an environmental fluid provides a band range, when comparing the dissolution profile after exposure to accelerated storage conditions of at least one month at 40.degree. C./75% RH to the dissolution profile prior to exposure of said coated substrate to said accelerated conditions, which is not wider than about 15% of total active agent released at any point of time during said dissolution.

20. The method of claim 19, wherein the band range is not wider than about 10% of total active agent released at any point of time during said dissolution.
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