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Details for Patent: 6,143,328

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Details for Patent: 6,143,328

Title: Sustained release compositions and a method of preparing pharmaceutical compositions
Abstract:Sustained release pharmaceutical formulations containing morphine, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, as active ingredient, suitable for administration on a once daily basis, are disclosed. In a first aspect, an orally administrable sustained release unit dosage form gives a peak plasma level at 1.0 to 6 hours after administration. In a second aspect, the formulation provides a W.sub.50 for the M-6-G metabolite for morphine of between 4 and 12 hours. A third aspect concerns the pharmaceutical unit dosage form obtained by compressing multiparticulates comprising a pharmaceutically active substance in a matrix of hydrophobic fusible material having a melting point of from 35 to 150.degree. C.
Inventor(s): Heafield; Joanne (Fenstanton, GB), Knott; Trevor John (Bishop's Stortford, GB), Leslie; Stewart Thomas (Cambridge, GB), Malkowska; Sandra Therese Antoinette (Ely, GB), Miller; Ronald Brown (Basel, CH), Prater; Derek Allan (Milton, GB), Smith; Kevin John (Histon, GB)
Assignee: Euro-Celtique, S.A. (Petrusse, LU)
Filing Date:Mar 08, 1999
Application Number:09/264,399
Claims:1. An oral sustained release pharmaceutical formulation comprising multiparticulates including morphine or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof dispersed in a matrix of a natural or synthetic wax or oil with a melting point of from about 35 degrees C. to about 100 degrees C., such that the multiparticulates provide a time to peak plasma level of morphine in about 1.0 to about 6.0 hours after administration, and when administered in an effective amount, provide morphine plasma levels which are effective for 24 hourly dosing, characterized by a width of the plasma profile at 50% Cmax (W.sub.50) for the morphine-6-glucoronide metabolite of morphine of between 4 and 12 hours, said multparticulates being prepared by mixing together said morphine or salt thereof and said natural or synthetic wax or oil at a rate and energy input sufficient to cause said natural or synthetic wax or oil to melt or soften whereby it forms said multiparticulates containing said morphine or salt thereof.

2. An oral sustained release pharmaceutical formulation comprising multiparticulates including morphine or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof dispersed in a matrix of a natural or synthetic wax or oil with a melting point of from about 35 degrees C. to about 100 degrees C., said multparticulates having in vitro release characteristics such that the multiparticulates, when assessed by the modified European Pharmacopeia Basket Method at 100 rpm in 900 ml aqueous buffer at pH 6.5 containing 0.5% polysorbate at 37 degrees C., releases from 5 to 30% of morphine two hours after start of test, 15 to 50% at 4 hours after start of test; 20% to 60% at 6 hours after start of test; 35 to 75% at 12 hours after start of test, from 45 to 100% at 18 hours after start of test and 55 and 100% at 24 hours after start of test such that the multiparticulates provide a time to peak plasma level of morphine in about 1.0 to about 6.0 hours after administration, and when administered in an effective amount, provide morphine plasma levels effective for 24 hourly dosing, characterized by a width of the plasma profile at 50% Cmax (W.sub.50) for the morphine-6-glucoronide metabolite of morphine of between 4 and 12 hours, wherein said multiparticulates are prepared by a process comprising the steps of

a) mixing together a particulate form of said morphine or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, a particulate form of said natural or synthetic wax or oil, at a speed and energy input which allows the carrier to melt or soften whereby it forms agglomerates; and

(b) breaking down the agglomerates to give said multiparticulates.

3. An oral sustained release pharmaceutical formulation comprising multiparticulates including morphine or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and a natural or synthetic wax or oil, said multiparticulates characterized by a width of the plasma profile at 50% Cmax (W.sub.50) for said morphine of between 4 and 12 hours after administration and when administered in an effective amount, provide sufficient analgesia for about 24 hours after administration.

4. The oral sustained release pharmaceutical formulation of claim 3, wherein said multiparticulates are prepared by a process comprising the steps of mixing together said morphine or salt thereof and said natural or synthetic wax or oil at a rate and energy input sufficient to cause said natural or synthetic wax or oil to melt or soften whereby it forms said multparticulates containing said morphine and thereafter separating said multiparticulates having a size range from about 0.1 mm to about 3 mm.

5. The oral sustained release pharmaceutical formulation as claimed in claim 1, wherein said multiparticulates provide a time to peak plasma level of morphine in about 1.0 to about 3.5 hours after administration.

6. The oral sustained release pharmaceutical formulation as claimed in claim 2, wherein said multiparticulates provide a time to peak plasma level of morphine in about 1.0 to about 3.5 hours after administration.

7. The oral sustained release pharmaceutical formulation as claimed in claim 3, wherein said multiparticulates provide a time to peak plasma level of morphine in about 1.0 to about 3.5 hours after administration.

8. The oral sustained release pharmaceutical formulation as claimed in claim 1, wherein said multiparticulates further comprise a release modifier.

9. The oral sustained release pharmaceutical formulation as claimed in claim 2, wherein said multiparticulates further comprise a release modifier.

10. The oral sustained release pharmaceutical formulation as claimed in claim 3, wherein said multiparticulates further comprise a release modifier.

11. The oral sustained release pharmaceutical formulation as claimed in claim 8, wherein said release modifier comprises a material selected from the group consisting of a water soluble fusible material, a particulate soluble organic material, a particulate insoluble organic material, a particulate inorganic soluble material, a particulate inorganic insoluble material and mixtures thereof.

12. The oral sustained release pharmaceutical formulation as claimed in claim 9, wherein said release modifier comprises a material selected from the group consisting of a water soluble fusible material, a particulate soluble organic material, a particulate insoluble organic material, a particulate inorganic soluble material, a particulate inorganic insoluble material and mixtures thereof.

13. The oral sustained release pharmaceutical formulation as claimed in claim 10, wherein said release modifier comprises a material selected from the group consisting of a water soluble fusible material, a particulate soluble organic material, a particulate insoluble organic material, a particulate inorganic soluble material, a particulate inorganic insoluble material and mixtures thereof.
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