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Details for Patent: 6,103,261

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Details for Patent: 6,103,261

Title: Opioid formulations having extended controlled release
Abstract:Solid controlled-release oral dosage forms comprising a therapeutically effective amount of an opioid analgesic or a salt thereof which provide an extended duration of pain relief of about 24 hours, have a dissolution rate in-vitro of the dosage form, when measured by the USP Paddle Method of 100 rpm in 900 ml aqueous buffer at 37.degree. C. from about 12.5% to about 42.5% (by weight) active agent released after 1 hour, from about 25% to about 55% (by weight) active agent released after 2 hours, from about 45% to about 75% (by weight) opioid analgesic released after 4 hours and greater than about 60% (by weight) opioid analgesic released after a hours, the in-vitro release rate being substantially independent of pH and chosen such that the peak plasma level of active agent obtained in-vivo between about 2 and about 8 hours after administration of the dosage form.
Inventor(s): Chasin; Mark (Manalapan, NJ), Oshlack; Benjamin (New York, NY), Pedi, Jr.; Frank (Yorktown Heights, NY)
Assignee: Purdue Pharma LP (Norwalk, CT)
Filing Date:Jan 06, 1999
Application Number:09/225,959
Claims:1. A solid, controlled release, oral dosage form, the dosage form comprising an analgesically effective amount of an opioid analgesic or a salt thereof said opioid analgesic being contained in a controlled-release matrix, wherein the dissolution rate in-vitro of the dosage form, when measured by the USP Paddle Method of U.S. Pharmacopeia XXII (1990) at 100 rpm at 900 ml aqueous buffer at pH 1.6 and 7.2 and at 37.degree. C. is from about 12.5% to about 42.5% (by wt) opioid released after 1 hour, from about 25% to about 65% (by wt) opioid released after 2 hours, from about 45% to about 85% (by wt) opioid released after 4 hours and greater than 60% (by wt) opioid released after 8 hours, the in-vitro release rate being substantially independent of pH in that a difference, at any given time, between an amount of opioid released at one pH and an amount released at any other pH, when measured in-vitro using the USP Paddle Method of U.S. Pharmacopeia XXII (1990) at 100 rpm in 900 ml aqueous buffer is no greater than 10%, the in-vitro release rate being chosen such that the peak plasma level of said opioid obtained in-vivo occurs at least 4 to about 8 hours after administration of the dosage form, said dosage form providing a duration of therapeutic effect of about 24 hours.

2. The dosage form of claim 1, wherein said opioid analgesic is selected from the group consisting of hydromorphone, oxycodone, morphine, levorphanol, methadone, meperidine, heroin, dihydrocodeine, codeine, dihydromorphine, buprenorphine, salts thereof, and mixtures thereof.

3. The dosage form of claim 1, wherein said opioid analgesic comprises hydromorphone or a salt thereof.

4. The dosage form of claim 1, wherein said opioid analgesic comprises morphine or a salt thereof.

5. The dosage form of claim 1, wherein said opioid analgesic comprises oxycodone or a salt thereof.

6. The dosage form of claim 1, wherein said opioid analgesic comprises an analgesically effective amount of matrix spheroids comprising said opioid analgesic or a salt thereof.

7. The dosage form of claim 6, wherein said coated with a hydrophobic polymer selected from the group consisting of (i) an acrylic polymer; (ii) ethylcellulose, or (iii) a mixture of (i) and (ii).

8. The dosage form of claim 1, wherein the opioid is contained in a controlled release matrix which includes a polymer selected from the group consisted of a pharmaceutically acceptable gum, an alkylcellulose, a cellulose ether, an acrylic resin, protein-derived materials, and mixtures of the foregoing.

9. The dosage form of claim 8, wherein the matrix further comprises a digestible substituted or unsubstituted C.sub.8 -C.sub.50 hydrocarbon.

10. The dosage form of claim 9, wherein said hydrocarbon is selected from the group consisting of fatty acids, fatty alcohols, mineral oils, vegetable oils, waxes and mixtures of any of the foregoing.

11. The dosage form of claim 8, further comprising a polyalkyleneglycol.

12. The dosage form of claim 6, wherein said matrix spheroids include said opioid analgesic together with a spheronizing agent.

13. The dosage form of claim 12, wherein said spheroids comprise a binder selected from the group consisting of a hydroxy lower alkyl cellulose, an acrylic polymer, and mixtures thereof.

14. The dosage form of claim 13, wherein said spheroids are coated with a water insoluble material.

15. The dosage form of claim 3, wherein the dosage form provides blood levels of hydromorphone over 500 pg/ml about 12 hours after administration, and at least about 300 pg/ml about 24 hours after administration, to a human patient.

16. The dosage form of claim 1 which provides a peak plasma level of said opioid which is from about 2.10 to about 2.87 times greater than the plasma level of said opioid about 24 hours after oral administration to a human patient.

17. The dosage form of claim 16, wherein said opioid consists of from about 4 mg to about 64 mg hydromorphone or a salt thereof.

18. The dosage form of claim 16, wherein said opioid consists of from about 10 mg to about 400 mg oxycodone or a salt thereof.

19. The dosage form of claim 1, wherein said opioid consists of from about 15 mg to about 800 mg morphine or a salt thereof.
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