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Details for Patent: 6,071,530

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Details for Patent: 6,071,530

Title: Method and composition for treating a bone tissue defect
Abstract:The invention is directed to a biodegradable implant precursor having a two-part structure made of an outer sac and a liquid content. The implant precursor is composed of a biodegradable, water-coagulable thermoplastic polymer and a water-miscible organic solvent. When administered to an implant site in an animal, the implant precursor will solidify in situ to a solid, microporous matrix by dissipation of the organic solvent to surrounding tissue fluids and coagulation of the polymer. The invention also includes methods of making the implant precursor, an apparatus for forming the precursor, and a kit containing the apparatus. Also provided are methods of using the implant precursor for treating a tissue defect in an animal, for example, for enhancing cell growth and tissue regeneration, wound and organ repair, nerve regeneration, soft and hard tissue regeneration, and the like, for delivery of biologically-active substances to tissue or organs, and other like therapies.
Inventor(s): Polson; Alan M. (Fort Collins, CO), Swanbom; Deryl D. (Fort Collins, CO), Dunn; Richard L. (Fort Collins, CO), Cox; Charles P. (Fort Collins, CO), Norton; Richard L. (Fort Collins, CO), Lowe; Bryan K. (Fort Collins, CO), Peterson; Kenneth S. (Fort Collins, CO)
Assignee: Atrix Laboratories, Inc. (Fort Collins, CO)
Filing Date:Jun 26, 1997
Application Number:08/883,260
Claims:1. A method of treating a bone tissue defect in an animal, the method comprising:

dispensing a polymer solution onto a support substrate surrounded by an aqueous medium or body fluid;

wherein the polymer solution comprises a pharmaceutically acceptable biodegradable, thermoplastic polymer that is insoluble in the aqueous medium or body fluid; in combination with a biocompatible organic solvent that solubilizes the polymer and is miscible to dispersible in the aqueous medium or body fluid; and a bone growth promoting substance, wherein the polymer solution is in a liquid form, wherein the support substrate is a tissue in the animal and the organic solvent diffuses into the aqueous medium or body fluid and the thermoplastic polymer coagulates to form a solid microporous implant in which the bone growth promoting substance is incorporated when the polymer solution is dispensed on the support substrate.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein the bone growth promoting substance is hydroxyapatite.

3. The method of claim 1 wherein the bone growth promoting substance is bone morphogenic protein.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein the thermoplastic polymer is selected from the group consisting of polylactides, polyglycolides, polycaprolactones, polyanhydrides, polyamides, polyurethanes, polyesteramides, polyorthoesters, polydioxanones, polyacetals, polyketals, polycarbonates, polyorthocarbonates, polyphosphazenes, polyhydroxybutyrates, polyhydroxyvalerates, polyalkylene oxalates,

polyalkylene succinates, polymalic acid, polyamino acids, polymethyl vinyl ether, chitin, and chitosan.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein the thermoplastic polymer is selected from the group consisting of polylactide, polycaprolactone, and polyglycolide.

6. The method of claim 1, wherein the organic solvent is selected from the group consisting of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, 2-pyrrolidone, ethanol, propylene glycol, propylene carbonate, acetone, acetic acid, ethyl acetate, ethyl lactate, methyl acetate, methyl ethyl ketone, dimethylforamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, dimethyl sulfone, tetrahydrofuran, caprolactam, decylmethylsulfoxide, oleic acid, N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide, and 1-dodecylazacycloheptan-2-one, and combinations thereof.

7. A pharmaceutical composition suitable for treating a bone tissue defect in an animal, the composition comprising:

a pharmaceutically acceptable, biodegradable, thermoplastic polymer that is insoluble in an aqueous medium or body fluid;

a biocompatible organic solvent that solubilizes the polymer and is miscible to dispersible in the aqueous medium or body fluid; and

an effective amount of bone growth promoting substance, wherein the bone growth promoting substance is hydroxyapatite;

wherein, the composition is flowable when the composition is placed in contact with the aqueous medium or body fluid, and upon contacting the body fluid or aqueous medium the organic solvent diffuses into the aqueous medium or body fluid and the thermoplastic polymer coagulates to form a solid microporous implant in situ in which the bone growth promoting substance is incorporated.

8. A pharmaceutical composition suitable for treating a bone tissue defect in an animal, the composition comprising:

a pharmaceutically acceptable, biodegradable, thermoplastic polymer that is insoluble in an aqueous medium or body fluid;

a biocompatible organic solvent that solubilizes the polymer and is miscible to dispersible in the aqueous medium or body fluid, wherein the solvent is selected from the group consisting of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, 2-pyrrolidone, dimethyl sulfoxide, ethyl lactate and propylene carbonate; and

an effective amount of bone growth promoting substance;

wherein, the composition is flowable when the composition is placed in contact with the aqueous medium or body fluid, and upon contacting the body fluid or aqueous medium the organic solvent diffuses into the aqueous medium or body fluid and the thermoplastic polymer coagulates to form a solid microporous implant in situ in which the bone growth promoting substance is incorporated.

9. The composition of claim 8, wherein the bone growth promoting substance is hydroxyapatite.

10. The composition of claim 8, wherein the bone growth promoting substance is bone morphogenic protein.

11. The composition of claim 8, wherein the thermoplastic polymer is selected from the group consisting of polylactides, polyglycolides, polycaprolactones, polyanhydrides, polyamides, polyurethanes, polyesteramides, polyorthoesters, polydioxanones, polyacetals, polyketals, polycarbonates, polyorthocarbonates, polyphosphazenes, polyhydroxybutyrates, polyhydroxyvalerates, polyalkylene oxalates, polyalkylene succinates, polymalic acid, polyamino acids, polymethyl vinyl ether, chitin, and chitosan.

12. The composition of claim 8, wherein the thermoplastic polymer is selected from the group consisting of polylactide, polycaprolactone, and polyglycolide.
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