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Details for Patent: 6,045,778

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Details for Patent: 6,045,778

Title: Stabilized medicinal aerosol solution formulations
Abstract:Stabilized medicinal aerosol solution formulations comprising medicaments that degrade or decompose by interaction with solvents or water, an HFC propellant, a cosolvent and an acid are described. Further, specific medicinal aerosol solution formulations comprising ipratropium bromide or fenoterol, ethyl alcohol, 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane or 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane, and either an inorganic acid or an organic acid are described. The acids are present in amounts sufficient to reduce the degradation of the medicaments to acceptable levels.
Inventor(s): Jager; Paul Donald (Waterbury, CT), Kontny; Mark James (New Milford, CT), Nagel; Jurgen Hubert (Ingelheim/Rhein, DE)
Assignee: Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Ridgefield, CT)
Filing Date:May 03, 1999
Application Number:09/303,610
Claims:1. An solution aerosol formulation comprising from 0.001% to about 10% wt/wt of a medicament, and its pharmaceutically acceptable salts, which medicament is selected from oxitropium bromide, albuterol, metaproterenol, tiotropium bromide or fenoterol, a hydrofluorocarbon propellant, ethyl alcohol as an organic co-solvent, and an organic acid which is citric acid or ascorbic acid.

2. The solution aerosol formulation according to claim 1, containing from 0.001% to about 10% wt/wt albuterol and its pharmaceutically acceptable salts.

3. The solution aerosol formulation according to claim 2, wherein said propellant contains 1,1,1,2 tetrafluoroethane.

4. The solution aerosol formulation according to claim 1, wherein the ethyl alcohol concentration is in the range of about 1.0 to 50.0% wt./wt. of the formulation.

5. The solution aerosol formulation according to claim 1, wherein the organic acid is ascorbic acid which is present in an amount within the range of about 0.0045 to 5.0 mg/ml.

6. The solution aerosol formulation according to claim 1, wherein the organic acid is citric acid which is present in an amount within the range of about 0.0039 to 27.7 mg/ml.

7. An aerosol solution formulation comprising from 0.001% to about 10% wt/wt albuterol or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, a hydrofluorocarbon propellant, ethyl alcohol as an organic co-solvent, and an organic acid which is selected from citric acid or ascorbic acid.

8. The aerosol solution formulation according to claim 7, wherein the propellant is 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane.

9. The aerosol solution formulation according to claim 7, wherein the ethyl alcohol is within the range of about 1.0 to 50.0% wt./wt.

10. The aerosol solution formulation according to claim 7, wherein the organic acid is ascorbic acid which is present in an amount within the range of about 0.0045 to 5.0 mg/ml.

11. The aerosol solution formulation according to claim 7, wherein the organic acid is citric acid which is present in an amount within the range of about 0.0039 to 27.7 mg/ml.

12. The aerosol solution formulation according to claim 7, wherein the organic acid is citric acid which is present in an amount of about 0.004% wt./wt.

13. A method for stabilizing an aerosol solution formulation comprising adding citric acid or ascorbic acid in an amount sufficient to stabilize an aerosol solution formulation comprising albuterol or its pharmaceutically acceptable salts, 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane and ethyl alcohol as a co-solvent.

14. A method of treating a patient by the administration of an aerosol solution formulation comprising administering said aerosol solution formulation as a stabilized aerosol solution comprising albuterol or its pharmaceutically acceptable salt as a medicament, 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane, ethyl alcohol as a co-solvent, and as an organic acid, citric acid or ascorbic acid, wherein the acid is present in an amount sufficient to stabilize the aerosol.
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