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Details for Patent: 5,990,194

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Details for Patent: 5,990,194

Title: Biodegradable in-situ forming implants and methods of producing the same
Abstract:A biodegradable polymer is provided for use in providing syringeable, in-situ forming, solid biodegradable implants for animals. The polymer is placed into the animal in liquid form and cures to form the implant in-situ. A thermoplastic system to form said implant comprises the steps of dissolving a non-reactive polymer in biocompatible solvent to form a liquid, placing the liquid within the animal, and allowing the solvent to dissipate to produce the implant. An alternative, thermosetting system comprises mixing together effective amounts of a liquid acrylic ester terminated, biodegradable prepolymer and a curing agent, placing the liquid mixture within an animal and allowing the prepolymer to cure to form the implant. Both systems provide a syringeable, solid biodegradable delivery system by the addition of an effective level of biologically active agent to the liquid before injection into the body.
Inventor(s): Dunn; Richard L. (Fort Collins, CO), English; James P. (Birmingham, AL), Cowsar; Donald R. (Birmingham, AL), Vanderbilt; David P. (Birmingham, AL)
Assignee: Atrix Laboratories, Inc. (Fort Collins, CO)
Filing Date:Nov 07, 1997
Application Number:08/966,133
Claims:1. A method of adhering an implant to a patient's tissue, comprising:

(a) applying a polymer system to the implant, the tissue, or both, wherein the polymer system comprises an effective amount of a water-insoluble biodegradable thermoplastic polymer and a biocompatible, water-soluble organic solvent which is capable of dissolving the thermoplastic polymer and capable of dissipating or diffusing into a body fluid; and

(b) implanting the device in a human or animal wherein the polymer system forms a solid biodegradable matrix which adheres the implant to the tissue, wherein the proportion of polymer in solvent and the polymer molecular weight are effective to provide said dissipating or diffusing function.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the polymer system further comprises a biologically-active agent.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein the thermoplastic polymer is selected from the group consisting of polylactides, polyglycolides, polycaprolactones, polydioxanones, polycarbonates, polyhydroxybutyrates, polyalkylene oxalates, polyanhydrides, polyamides, polyesteramides, polyurethanes, polyacetates, polyketals, polyorthocarbonates, polyphosphazenes, polyhydroxyvalerates, polyalkylene succinates, poly(malic acid), poly (amino acids), polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyethylene glycol, polyhydroxycellulose, polyorthoesters, and combinations thereof.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein the thermoplastic polymer is selected from the group consisting of polylactides, polycaprolactones and glycolide copolymers thereof.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein the solvent is selected from the group consisting of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, 2-pyrrolidone, ethanol, propylene glycol, acetone, ethyl acetate, methyl acetate, methyl ethyl ketone, dimethylformamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, tetrahydrofuran, caprolactam, decylmethylsulfoxide, oleic acid, 1-dodecylazacycloheptan-2-one, and combinations thereof.

6. The method of claim 1, wherein the solvent is selected from the group consisting of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, 2-pyrrolidone, dimethyl sulfoxide, acetone, and combinations thereof.

7. A method of encapsulating a prosthetic device, comprising:

(a) applying a polymer system to the prosthetic device, wherein the polymer system comprises an effective amount of a water-insoluble biodegradable thermoplastic polymer, and a biocompatible, water-soluble organic solvent which is capable of dissolving the thermoplastic polymer and capable of dissipating or diffusing into a body fluid; and

(b) implanting the prosthesis in a patient wherein the polymer system forms a solid biodegradable matrix that encapsulates the prosthetic device, wherein the proportion of polymer in solvent and the polymer molecular weight are effective to provide said dissipating or diffusing function.

8. The method of claim 7, wherein the polymer system further comprises a biologically-active agent.

9. The method of claim 7, wherein the thermoplastic polymer is selected from the group consisting of polylactides, polyglycolides, polycaprolactones, polydioxanones, polycarbonates, polyhydroxybutyrates, polyalkylene oxalates, polyanhydrides, polyamides, polyesteramides, polyurethanes, polyacetates, polyketals, polyorthocarbonates, polyphosphazenes, polyhydroxyvalerates, polyalkylene succinates, poly(malic acid), poly (amino acids), polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyethylene glycol, polyhydroxycellulose, polyorthoesters, and combinations thereof.

10. The method of claim 7, wherein the thermoplastic polymer is selected from the group consisting of polylactides, polycaprolactones and glycolide copolymers thereof.

11. The method of claim 7, wherein the solvent is selected from the group consisting of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, 2-pyrrolidone, ethanol, propylene glycol, acetone, ethyl acetate, methyl acetate, methyl ethyl ketone, dimethylformamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, tetrahydrofuran, caprolactam, decylmethylsulfoxide, oleic acid, 1-dodecylazacycloheptan-2-one, and combinations thereof.

12. The method of claim 7, wherein the solvent is selected from the group consisting of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, 2-pyrrolidone, dimethyl sulfoxide acetone, and combinations thereof.

13. An implant comprising:

(a) a polymer system comprising an effective amount of a water-insoluble biodegradable thermoplastic polymer and a biocompatible, water-soluble organic solvent which is capable of dissolving the thermoplastic polymer and capable of dissipating or diffusing into a body fluid; and

(b) the implant wherein the polymer system forms a solid biodegradable matrix which adheres the implant to the tissue, wherein the proportion of polymer in solvent and the polymer molecular weight are effective to provide said dissipating or diffusing function.

14. An encapsulated prosthetic device, comprising:

(a) a polymer system comprising an effective amount of a water-insoluble biodegradable thermoplastic polymer, and a biocompatible, water-soluble organic solvent which is capable of dissolving the thermoplastic polymer and capable of dissipating or diffusing into a body fluid; and

(b) a prosthetic device wherein the polymer system forms a solid biodegradable matrix that encapsulates the prosthetic device, wherein the proportion of polymer in solvent and the polymer molecular weight are effective to provide said dissipating or diffusing function.
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