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Details for Patent: 5,977,137

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Details for Patent: 5,977,137

Title: Sulfonamide inhibitors of aspartyl protease
Abstract:The present invention relates to a novel class of sulfonamides which are aspartyl protease inhibitors. In one embodiment, this invention relates to a novel class of HIV aspartyl protease inhibitors characterized by specific structural and physicochemical features. This invention also relates to pharmaceutical compositions comprising these compounds. The compounds and pharmaceutical compositions of this invention are particularly well suited for inhibiting HIV-1 and HIV-2 protease activity and consequently, may be advantageously used as anti-viral agents against the HIV-1 and HIV-2 viruses. This invention also relates to methods for inhibiting the activity of HIV aspartyl protease using the compounds of this invention and methods for screening compounds for anti-HIV activity.
Inventor(s): Tung; Roger D. (Arlington, MA), Murcko; Mark A. (Holliston, MA), Bhisetti; Govinda Rao (Lexington, MA)
Assignee: Vertex Pharmaceuticals, Incorporated (Cambridge, MA)
Filing Date:Jul 14, 1998
Application Number:09/115,394
Claims:1. A compound of formula I: ##STR654## wherein: A is selected from the group consisting of Ht; --R.sup.1 -Ht; --R.sup.1 --C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkyl substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of Ht, --O--Ht; and --R.sup.1 --C.sub.2 -C.sub.6 alkenyl substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of Ht, --O--Ht;

each R.sup.1 is independently selected from the group consisting of --C(O)--, --S(O).sub.2 --, --C(O)--C(O)--, --O--C(O)--, --O--S(O).sub.2, --NR.sup.2 --S(O).sub.2 --, --NR.sup.2 --C(O)-- and --NR.sup.2 --C(O)--C(O)--;

each Ht is a 6-7 membered saturated or unsaturated heterocycle, containing one or more heteroatoms selected from N or N(R.sup.2) wherein said heterocycle may optionally be benzofused; and wherein said heterocycle may be optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of oxo, --OR.sup.2, --R.sup.2, --N(R.sup.2)(R.sup.2), --R.sup.2 --OH, --CN, --CO.sub.2 R.sup.2, --C(O)--N(R.sup.2)(R.sup.2), --S(O).sub.2 --N(R.sup.2)(R.sup.2), --N(R.sup.2)--C(O)--R.sub.2, --C(O)--R.sup.2, --S(O).sub.n --R.sup.2, --OCF.sub.3, --S(O).sub.n --Ar, methylenedioxy, --N(R.sup.2)--S(O).sub.2 (R.sup.2), halo, --CF.sub.3, --NO.sub.2, Ar and --O--Ar;

each R.sup.2 is independently selected from the group consisting of H and C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkyl optionally substituted with Ar; with the proviso that when R.sup.2 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkyl substituted with Ar, said Ar may not be substituted with an Ar-containing moiety;

B, when present, is --N(R.sup.2)--C(R.sup.3)(R.sup.3)--C(O)--;

x is 0 or 1;

each R.sup.3 is independently selected from the group consisting of H, Ht, C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkyl, C.sub.2 -C.sub.6 alkenyl, C.sub.3 -C.sub.6 cycloalkyl and C.sub.5 -C.sub.6 cycloalkenyl, wherein any member of said R.sup.3, except H, may be optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of --OR.sup.2, --C(O)--NH--R.sup.2, --S(O).sub.n --N(R.sup.2)(R.sup.2), Ht, --CN, --SR.sup.2, --CO.sub.2 R.sup.2, NR.sup.2 --C(O)--R.sup.2 ;

each n is independently 1 or 2;

D and D' are independently selected from the group consisting of Ar; C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl, which may be optionally substituted with one or more groups independently selected from C.sub.3 -C.sub.6 cycloalkyl, --OR.sub.2, --R.sup.3, --O--Ar and Ar; C.sub.2 -C.sub.4 alkenyl, which may be optionally substituted with one or more groups independently selected from the group consisting of C.sub.3 -C.sub.6 cycloalkyl, --OR.sup.2, --R.sup.3, --O--Ar and Ar; C.sub.3 -C.sub.6 cycloalkyl, which may be optionally substituted with or fused with Ar; and C.sub.5 -C.sub.6 cycloalkenyl, which may be optionally substituted with or fused with Ar;

each Ar is independently selected from the group consisting of phenyl; 3-6 membered carbocyclic ring, wherein said carbocyclic ring may be saturated or unsaturated and optionally substituted with one or more groups idependently selected from the group consisting of oxo, --OR.sup.2, --R.sup.2, --N(R.sup.2)(R.sup.2), --N(R.sup.2)--C(O)--R.sup.2, C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkyl substituted with --OH and optionally substituted with Ar, --CN, --CO.sub.2 R.sup.2, --C(O)--N(R.sup.2)(R.sup.2), halo and --CF.sub.3 ; and

E is C.sub.6 -C.sub.10 aryl optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of oxo, --OR.sup.2, --R.sup.2, --N(R.sup.2)(R.sup.2), --R.sup.2 --OH, --CN, --CO.sub.2 R.sup.2, --C(O)--N(R.sup.2)(R.sup.2), --S(O).sub.2 --N(R.sup.2)(R.sup.2), --N(R.sup.2)--C(O)--R.sub.2, --C(O)--R.sup.2, --S(O).sub.n --R.sup.2, --OCF.sub.3, --S(O).sub.n --Ar, methylenedioxy, --N(R.sup.2)--S(O).sub.2 (R.sup.2), halo, --CF.sub.3, --NO.sub.2, Ar and --O--Ar; with the proviso that when A is pyridyl, E is not substituted or unsubstituted phenyl.

2. The compound according to claim 1, wherein said compound has the structure of formula XXII: ##STR655## wherein A, D' and E are defined as in claim 1.

3. The compound according to claim 1, wherein said compound has the structure of formula XXIII: ##STR656## and x, Ht, R.sup.3, D' and E are defined as in claim 1.

4. The compound according to claim 1, wherein said compound has the structure of formula XXXI: ##STR657## wherein A, R.sup.3, D' and E are defined as in claim 1.

5. A compound of formula I, wherein:

A is selected from the group consisting of --R.sup.1 -Ht; --R.sup.1 --C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkyl substituted with one or more groups independently selected from the group consisting of Ht and --O--Ht; and --R.sup.1 --C.sub.2 -C.sub.6 alkenyl substituted with one or more groups independently selected from Ht and --O--Ht;

each R.sup.1 is independently selected from the group consisting of --C(O)--, --S(O).sub.2 --, --C(O)--C(O)--, --O--CO--, --O--S(O).sub.2 --and --NR.sup.2 --S(O).sub.2 --;

each Ht is a 6-7 membered saturated or unsaturated heterocycle, containing one or more heteroatoms selected from N, which may optionally be benzofused; wherein any member of said heterocycle may be optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of oxo, --OR.sup.2, --R.sup.2, --N(R.sup.2).sub.2, --R.sup.2 --OH, --CN, --CO.sub.2 R.sup.2, --C(O)--N(R.sup.2).sub.2 and --S(O).sub.2 --N(R.sup.2).sub.2 ;

each R.sup.2 is independently selected from the group consisting of H and C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkyl;

B, when present, is --NH--CH(R.sup.3)--C(O)--;

x is 0 or 1;

R.sup.3 is selected from the group consisting of Ht, C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkyl, C.sub.2 -C.sub.6 alkenyl, C.sub.3 -C.sub.6 cycloalkyl and C.sub.5 -C.sub.6 cycloalkenyl, wherein any member of said R.sup.3 may be optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of --OR.sup.2, --C(O)--NH--R.sup.2, --S(O).sub.n --N(R.sup.2).sub.2, Ht and --CN;

n is 1 or 2;

D and D' are independently selected from the group consisting of Ar; C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl, which may be optionally substituted with C.sub.3 -C.sub.6 cycloalkyl or Ar; C.sub.2 -C.sub.4 alkenyl, which may be optionally substituted with C.sub.3 -C.sub.6 cycloalkyl or Ar; C.sub.3 -C.sub.6 cycloalkyl, which may be optionally substituted or fused with Ar; and C.sub.5 -C.sub.6 cycloalkenyl, which may be optionally substituted or fused with Ar;

Ar is selected from the group consisting of phenyl; 3-6 membered carbocyclic ring, wherein said carbocyclic ring may be saturated or unsaturated and optionally substituted with one or more groups independently selected from the group consisting of oxo, --OR.sup.2, --R.sup.2, --N(R.sup.2).sub.2, --N(R.sup.2)--C(O)R.sup.2, C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkyl substituted with --OH and optionally substituted with Ar, --CN, --CO.sub.2 R.sup.2, --C(O)--N(R.sup.2).sub.2, halo and --CF.sub.3 ;

E is C.sub.6 -C.sub.10 aryl optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of oxo, --OR.sup.2, --R.sup.2, --N(R.sup.2)(R.sup.2), --R.sup.2 --OH, --CN, --CO.sub.2 R.sup.2, --C(O)--N(R.sup.2)(R.sup.2), --S(O).sub.2 --N(R.sup.2)(R.sup.2), --N(R.sup.2)--C(O)--R.sub.2, --C(O)--R.sup.2, --S(O).sub.n --R.sup.2, --OCF.sub.3, --S(O).sub.n --Ar, methylenedioxy, --N(R.sup.2)--S(O).sub.2 (R.sup.2), halo, --CF.sub.3, --NO.sub.2, Ar and --O--Ar; with the proviso that when A is pyridyl, E is not substituted or unsubstituted phenyl.

6. The compound according to claim 2 or 3, wherein:

A is R.sup.1 -Ht; and

D' is selected from the group consisting of C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkyl and C.sub.3 alkenyl, wherein said alkyl or alkenyl may optionally be substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of C.sub.3 -C.sub.6 cycloalkyl, --OR.sup.2, --O--Ar and Ar.

7. The compound according to claim 3, wherein:

R.sup.3 is selected from the group consisting of C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkyl, C.sub.2 -C.sub.6 alkenyl, C.sub.5 -C.sub.6 cycloalkyl, C.sub.5 -C.sub.6 cycloalkenyl and a 5-6 membered saturated or unsaturated heterocycle, wherein any member of said R.sup.3 may optionally be substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of --OR.sup.2, --C(O)NH--R.sup.2, --S(O).sub.n N(R.sup.2)(R.sup.2), Ht, --CN, --SR.sup.2, --C(O).sub.3 R.sup.2, NR.sup.2 --C(O)--R.sup.2 ; and

D' is selected from the group consisting of C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkyl and C.sub.3 alkenyl, wherein said alkyl or alkenyl may optionally be substituted with one or more groups independently selected from the group consisting of C.sub.3 -C.sub.6 cycloalkyl, OR.sup.2, --O--Ar and Ar.

8. The compound according to claim 4, wherein:

A is R.sup.1 -Ht;

each R.sup.3 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.5 alkyl, which may be optionally substituted with a substituent selected from the group consisting of --OR.sup.2, --C(O)NH--R.sup.2, --S(O).sub.n N(R.sup.2).sub.2, Ht, --CN, --SR.sup.2, --CO.sub.2 R.sup.2, --NR.sup.2 --C(O)--R.sup.2 ; and

D' is C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl, which may be optionally substituted with a group selected from the group consisting of C.sub.3 -C.sub.6 cycloalkyl, --OR.sup.2, --O--Ar and Ar.

9. A compound selected from the group consisting of:

(S)-N-1(3-((3-Acetylamino-4-fluoro-benzenesulfonyl)-benzyl-amino)-(1S,2 syn)-1-benzyl-2-hydroxy-propyl)-2-((quinoline-2-carbonyl)-amino)-succinami de and (S)-N-1-(3-((4-Acetylamino-3-fluoro-benzenesulfonyl)-benzyl-amino)-(1S,2 syn)-1-benzyl-2hydroxy-propyl) 2-((quinoline-2-carbonyl)-amino)-succinamide (compounds 2);

N-1-(1-(S)-Benzyl-3-(benzyl-(3-sulfamoyl-benzenesulfonyl)-amino) 2 (syn)-hydroxy-propyl)-2-((quinoline-2-carbonyl)-amino)-succinamide (compound 10);

(S)-N-1-(1-(S)-Benzyl-3-((4-fluoro-benzenesulfonyl)-isobutyl-amino)-2-(syn) -hydroxy-propyl) 2 ((quinoline-2-carbonyl)-amino)-succinamide (compound 14);

(S)-N-1 (3-((4-Acetylamino-3-fluoro-benzenesulfonyl)-isobutyl-amino)-(1S,2 syn)-1-benzyl-2-hydroxy-propyl)-2-((quinoline-2-carbonyl)-amino)-succinami de (compound 15);

(S)-N-1 (3-((3-Acetylamino-4-fluoro-benzenesulfonyl)-isobutyl-amino)-(1S,2 syn)-1-benzyl-2-hydroxy-propyl) 2 ((quinoline-2-carbonyl)-amino)-succinamide (compound 16 );

(S)-N-1-(1-(S)Benzyl-3-((4-acetylamino-benzenesulfonyl)-isobutyl-amino)-2-( syn)-hydroxy-propyl)-2-((quinoline 2 carbonyl)-amino)-succinamide (compound 17);

(S)-N-1-(3-((3-Acetylamino-benzenesulfonyl)-isobutyl-amino)-(1S,2 syn)-1-benzyl-2-hydroxy-propyl) 2-((quinoline-2-carbonyl)-amino)-succinamide (compound 19);

N-1-(3-((4-Acetylamino benzenesulfonyl)-isobutyl-amino)-(1S,2 syn)-1-benzyl-2-hydroxy-propyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl-methoxycarbonyl)-succinami de (compound 22);

N-1-(3-((4-Acetylamino-benzenesulfonyl)-isobutyl-amino)-(1S,2 syn)-1-benzyl-2-hydroxy-propyl)-2-(pyridin-4-yl-methoxycarbonyl)-succinami de (compound 23);

N-1-(3-((4-Fluoro-benzenesulfonyl)-isobutyl-amino)-(1S,2 syn)-1-benzyl-2-hydroxy-propyl)-2-(pyridin-2-yl-methoxycarbonyl)-succinami de (compound 26);

N-(4-(Cyclopentylmethyl-((2 syn,3S)-2-hydroxy-4-phenyl-3 (pyridin-3-yl-methoxycarbonylamino)-butyl) sulfamoyl)-phenyl)-acetamide (compound 147).

10. The compound according to claim 9, said compound being selected from the group consisting of:

(S)-N-1-(1-(S)-Benzyl-3-((4-fluoro-benzenesulfonyl)-isobutyl amino)-2-(syn)-hydroxy-propyl)-2-((quinoline-2-carbonyl)-amino)-succinamid e (compound 14);

(S)-N-1-(3-((4-Acetylamino-3-fluoro-benzenesulfonyl)-isobutyl amino)-(1S,2 syn)-1-benzyl-2-hydroxy-propyl)-2-((quinoline-2-carbonyl)-amino) succinamide (compound 15).

11. The compound according to claim 1, wherein said compound has a molecular weight less than or equal to about 700 g/mol.

12. A compound according to claim 11, wherein said compound has a molecular weight less than or equal to about 600 g/mol.

13. A pharmaceutical composition effective against viral infection comprising a pharmaceutically effective amount of a compound according to any one of claims 1-4 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, adjuvant or vehicle.

14. The pharmaceutical composition according to claim 13, further comprising an additional anti-viral agent.

15. A method for treating viral infection wherein said virus requires an aspartyl protease for an obligatory life cycle event comprising administering a compound according to any one of claims 1-4 to a patient in need thereof.

16. The method according to claim 15, wherein said virus is HIV-1, HIV-2, or HTLV.

17. A method for inhibiting enzymatic activity of an aspartyl protease in a patient comprising administering the compounds according to any one of claims 1-4 to a patient in need thereof.

18. A method for treating HIV infection in a mammal comprising the step of administering to said mammal a pharmaceutically effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 14.

19. The method according to claim 18, wherein said step of administering comprises oral administration or administration by injection.

20. A method for treating HIV infection in a mammal comprising the step of administering to said mammal a pharmaceutically effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 13.

21. The method according to claim 20 wherein said step of administering comprises oral administration or administration by injection.
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