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Details for Patent: 5,947,723

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Details for Patent: 5,947,723

Title: Titanium orthodontic appliances
Abstract:Orthodontic appliances formed of a titanium alloy which substantially avoids toxic or allergic reactions in patients containing a .beta.-stabilizing element including at least 12 wt % molybdenum to produce a stable .beta.-monophase at body temperature are disclosed. The yield strength of the titanium alloy is within the range 1150 to 1450 MPa. The tensile strength of the titanium alloy is within the range 1350 to 1950 MPa. The elongation of the titanium alloy is within the range 10 to 14%. The titanium alloy may also contain about 5 wt % zirconium as another .beta.-stabilizing element. It may also contain about 3 wt % aluminum to improve age hardenability by strengthening the .alpha.-phase.
Inventor(s): Mottate; Mikio (Ohkuma-machi, JP), Orikasa; Masaaki (Ohkuma-machi, JP), Nishi; Kikuo (Haramachi, JP)
Assignee: GAC International, INc. (Central Islip, NY)
Filing Date:Apr 28, 1993
Application Number:08/054,927
Claims:1. An orthodontic appliance formed of a titanium alloy which substantially avoids toxic or allergic reactions in patents comprising a .beta.-stabilizing element including at least 12 wt % molybdenum to produce a .beta.-monophase that is stable at body temperature.

2. The orthodontic appliance according to claim 1, further comprising about 5 wt % zirconium.

3. The orthodontic appliance according to claim 1, further comprising about 3 wt % aluminum.

4. The orthodontic appliance according to claims 2 or 3, wherein the yield strength of the titanium alloy is within the range 1150 to 1450 MPa.

5. The orthodontic appliance according to claim 4, wherein the tensile strength of the titanium alloy is within the range 1350 to 1950 MPa.

6. The orthodontic appliance according to claim 5, wherein the elongation of the titanium alloy is within the range 10 to 14%.

7. An orthodontic appliance comprising:

bracket means for engaging an archwire therein, having a longitudinal slot formed in an upper surface thereof,

said bracket means being formed of a titanium alloy which substantially avoids toxic or allergic reactions in patients comprising a .beta.-stabilizing element including at least 12 wt % molybdenum to produce a .beta.-monophase that is stable at body temperature.

8. The orthodontic appliance according to claim 7, further comprising two pairs of tie-wings carried integrally on opposite sides of said bracket means.

9. The orthodontic appliance according to claim 8, wherein the titanium alloy further comprises about 5 wt % zirconium.

10. The orthodontic appliance according to claim 8, wherein the titanium alloy further comprises about 3 wt % aluminum.

11. The orthodontic appliance according to claims 9 or 10, wherein the yield strength of the titanium alloy is within the range 1150 to 1450 MPa.

12. The orthodontic appliance according to claim 11, wherein the tensile strength of the titanium alloy is within the range 1350 to 1950 MPa.

13. The orthodontic appliance according to claim 12, wherein the elongation of the titanium alloy is within the range 10 to 14%.

14. An orthodontic bracket formed of a titanium alloy which substantially avoids toxic or allergic reactions in patients comprising a .beta.-stabilizing element including at least 12 wt % molybdenum to produce a .beta.-monophase that is stable at body temperature, the yield strength of the titanium alloy being within the range 1150 to 1450 MPa, the tensile strength of the titanium alloy being within the range 1350 to 1950 MPa, and the elongation of the titanium alloy being within the range 10 to 14%.

15. The orthodontic bracket according to claim 14, further comprising about 5 wt % zirconium.

16. The orthodontic bracket according to claim 14, further comprising about 3 wt % aluminum.

17. An archwire formed of a titanium alloy which substantially avoids toxic or allergic reactions in patients comprising a .beta.-stabilizing element including at least 12 wt % molybdenum to produce a .beta.-monophase that is stable at body temperature, about 5 wt % zirconium and about 3 wt % aluminum.
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