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Details for Patent: 5,849,791

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Details for Patent: 5,849,791

Title: Prostaglandin derivatives for the treatment of glaucoma or ocular hypertension
Abstract:The invention relates to ophthalmological compositions for topical treatment of glaucoma or ocular hypertension comprising an effective intraocular pressure reducing amount of a prostaglandin derivative of PGA, PGB, PGD, PGE or PGF, in which the omega chain contains a ring structure, in an ophthalmologically compatible carrier. The invention further relates to the preparation of said compositions and their use for treatment of glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
Inventor(s): Stjernschantz; Johan Wilhelm (Upsala, SE), Resul; Bahram (Upsala, SE)
Assignee: Pharmacia Aktiebolag (Upsala, SE)
Filing Date:Jun 05, 1995
Application Number:08/461,334
Claims:1. A therapeutic composition for topical treatment of ocular hypertension or glaucoma, containing a prostaglandin PGD in an amount sufficient to reduce intraocular pressure without causing substantial ocular irritation and an ophthalmologically compatible vehicle, in which the alpha chain of the prostaglandin comprises a chain of 6 to 10 carbon atoms, which is either

(a) saturated or

(b) unsaturated having one or more non-cumulated double bonds, or a triple bond,

the alpha chain being

(c) unsubstituted or

(d) substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group of alkyl groups, alicyclic rings, aromatic rings or heteroaromatic rings,

and in which the omega chain of the prostaglandin has the formula

wherein

C is a carbon atom (the number according to standard prostaglandin nomenclature being indicated by the subscript);

B is a single bond, a double bond, or a triple bond;

D represents a sub-chain of 1-10 carbon atoms and 1-2 heteroatoms selected from the group that consists of O, N, and S, with substituents on each sub-chain atom that are selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an oxo group and a hydroxyl group, and

R.sub.2 is an aromatic ring structure which is unsubstituted or has at least one substituent selected from the group consisting of

C.sub.1 -C.sub.5 alkyl groups,

C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy groups,

trifluoromethyl groups,

C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 aliphatic acylamino groups,

nitro groups,

halogen atoms,

a phenyl group.

2. A composition according to claim 1 in which, in the omega chain of the prostaglandin R.sub.2 is a phenyl group.

3. A composition according to claim 1 in which, in the omega chain of the prostaglandin, R.sub.2 is a phenyl group which is

(1) unsubstituted or

(2) has at least one substituent selected from the group consisting of

C.sub.1 -C.sub.5 alkyl groups,

C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy groups,

trifluoromethyl groups,

C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 aliphatic acylamino groups,

nitro groups,

halogen atoms, or

a phenyl group.

4. A composition according to claim 1 in which, in the omega chain of the prostaglandin,

B is a single or double bond,

D is a carbon chain with 2-5 carbon atoms, in which C.sub.15 is substituted with an oxo or hydroxyl substitutent, and C.sub.16 -C.sub.19 are unsubstituted or substituted with lower alkyl substituents, and

R.sub.2 is a phenyl ring which is unsubstituted or substituted with one or more subsitutent selected from the group consisting of alkyl or alkoxy groups.

5. A composition according to claim 1 in which, in the omega chain of the prostaglandin,

B is a single bond;

D is a chain of 3 carbon atoms; and

R.sub.2 is a phenyl group.

6. A composition according to claim 1 in which the prostaglandin is an isopropyl ester.

7. A composition according to claim 1 in which the prostaglandin is an ester of 13,14-dihydro-17-phenyl-18,19,20-trinor-PGD.

8. A composition according to claim 1 in which the prostaglandin is a 13,14-dihydro-17-phenyl-18,19,20-trinor-PGD.

9. A composition according to claim 1 in which the prostaglandin is a 13,14-dihydro-17-phenyl-18,19,20-trinor-PGD isopropyl ester.

10. A method of treating glaucoma or ocular hypertension by topical application of the therapeutic composition of claim 1.

11. A method of treating glaucoma or ocular hypertension by topical application of the therapeutic composition of claim 6.

12. A method of treating glaucoma or ocular hypertension by topical application of the therapeutic composition of claim 7.

13. A method of treating glaucoma or ocular hypertension by topical application of the therapeutic composition of claim 8.

14. A method of treating glaucoma or ocular hypertension by topical application of the therapeutic composition of claim 9.

15. A method of treating glaucoma or ocular hypertension by topical application of a therapeutic composition according to claim 2.
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