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Details for Patent: 5,837,725

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Details for Patent: 5,837,725

Title: Bridged bicyclic aromatic compounds and their use in modulating gene expression of retinoid receptors
Abstract:Bridged bicyclic aromatic compounds are provided having the structure ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3, R.sup.4, R.sup.5 and n are as defined herein. The novel compounds are useful for modulating gene expression of retinoic acid receptors, vitamin D receptors and thyroid receptors. Pharmaceutical compositions and methods for modulating gene expression are provided as well.
Inventor(s): Dawson; Marcia I. (Menlo Park, CA), Cameron; James F. (Palo Alto, CA), Hobbs; Peter D. (Moss Beach, CA), Jong; Ling (Sunnyvale, CA), Pfahl; Magnus (Solana Beach, CA), Zhang; Xiao-kun (La Jolla, CA), Lehmann; Jurgen M. (Solana Beach, CA)
Assignee: SRI International (Menlo Park, CA) La Jolla Cancer Research Foundation (La Jolla, CA)
Filing Date:May 24, 1995
Application Number:08/448,991
Claims:1. A bicyclic aromatic compound having the structural formula ##STR28## and the pharmaceutically acceptable esters, amides and salts thereof, wherein:

R.sup.1 is selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl and adamantyl;

R.sup.2 is --O--R.sup.13 or --S--R.sup.13 where R.sup.13 is lower alkyl; or

when R.sup.1 is ortho to R.sup.2, R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 may be linked together to form a 5- or 6-membered cycloalkylene ring, either unsubstituted or substituted with 1 to 4 lower alkyl groups, and optionally containing 1 or 2 heterocyclic atoms selected from the group consisting of O, S and NR where R is hydrogen or lower alkyl;

R.sup.3 is selected from the group consisting of carbonyl, ##STR29## in which X.sup.1 and X.sup.2 are independently selected from the group consisting of O, S and methylene, wherein at least one of X.sup.1 and X.sup.2 is O or S, or wherein one of X.sup.1 and X.sup.2 is NR and the other is methylene, m is 2 or 3, R.sup.6, R.sup.7, R.sup.8 and R.sup.9 are independently hydrogen or lower alkyl, or R.sup.8 and R.sup.9 may be linked together to form a cycloalkylene ring containing 3 to 6 carbon atoms, and * represents the point of attachment of the R.sup.3 substituent to the remainder of the molecule;

R.sup.4 is selected from the group consisting of ##STR30## in which R.sup.10 is hydrogen or methyl, 1 is 0 or 1, and ** represents the point of attachment of the R.sup.4 substituent to the remainder of the molecule;

the R.sup.5 are independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl and lower alkoxy; and

n is 0, 1, 2 or 3,

with the provisos that: (a) when n is 0, R.sup.3 is other than carbonyl, *C.dbd.CH.sub.2 or CH.sub.2 ; (b) when n is 0, and R.sup.3 is ##STR31## then R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 are not both hydrogen; (c) when n is 0, and R.sup.3 is ##STR32## then R.sup.8 and R.sup.9 are not both hydrogen; (d) when R.sup.3 is ##STR33## in which one of R.sup.8 and R.sup.9 is hydrogen or lower alkyl and the other is lower alkyl, either (i) R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are such that they are not linked together to form a cycloalkyl ring, or (ii) R.sup.4 is other than ##STR34## and X.sup.1 and X.sup.2 are both methylene, R.sup.4 is other than ##STR35## and (f) when R.sup.3 is carbonyl, ##STR36## with R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 being hydrogen, C.sub.1 to C.sub.4 alkyl, or ##STR37## with R.sup.8 and R.sup.9 being hydrogen or C.sub.1 to C.sub.4 alkyl, and when R.sup.1 is ortho to and linked to R.sup.2 to form a five-to six-membered cycloalkylene ring ##STR38## in which R.sup.11 is O, S, (CH.sub.3).sub.2 C, CH.sub.2 or NR wherein R is hydrogen or lower alkyl and R.sup.12 is hydrogen or methyl, then R.sup.5 cannot be C.sub.1 to C.sub.4 alkyl when n is 1 and when R.sup.5 is ortho to R.sup.3.

2. The compound of claim 1, having a structure selected from the group consisting of ##STR39## where R.sup.11 is selected from the group consisting of O, S, (CH.sub.3).sub.2 C and CH.sub.2, and R.sup.12 is hydrogen or methyl.

3. The compound of claim 2, having the structural formula (II).

4. The compound of claim 3, wherein n is 0.

5. The compound of claim 3, wherein R.sup.4 is ##STR40## and l is 1.

6. The compound of claim 5, wherein R.sup.4 is ##STR41##

7. The compound of claim 5, wherein R.sup.4 is ##STR42##

8. The compound of claim 3, wherein R.sup.3 has the structural formula ##STR43##

9. The compound of claim 5, wherein R.sup.3 has the structural formula ##STR44##

10. The compound of claim 3, wherein R.sup.3 has the structural formula ##STR45##

11. The compound of claim 5, wherein R.sup.3 has the structural formula ##STR46##

12. The compound of claim 11, wherein R.sup.3 is selected from the group consisting of ##STR47##

13. The compound of claim 3, wherein R.sup.3 has the structural formula ##STR48##

14. The compound of claim 5, wherein R.sup.3 has the structural formula ##STR49##

15. The compound of claim 14, wherein R.sup.3 is selected from the group consisting of ##STR50##

16. The compound of claim 3, having the structural formula ##STR51##

17. The compound of claim 3, having the structural formula ##STR52##

18. The compound of claim 3, having the structural formula ##STR53##

19. The compound of claim 3, having the structural formula ##STR54##

20. The compound of claim 3, having the structural formula ##STR55##

21. The compound of claim 3, having the structural formula ##STR56## wherein X.sup.1 and X.sup.2 are independently selected from the group consisting of O and S, or

the ammonium salt of the compound.

22. The compound of claim 3, having the structural formula ##STR57## wherein X.sup.1 and X.sup.2 are independently selected from the group consisting of O and S, or

the ammonium salt of the compound.

23. The compound of claim 3, having the structural formula ##STR58## wherein R.sup.1 is O or S.

24. The compound of claim 3, having the structural formula ##STR59## and the ammonium salt of the compound.

25. The compound of claim 3, having the structural formula ##STR60##

26. A pharmaceutical composition for control of cellular processes regulated by retinoic acid, vitamin D, or thyroid hormone, comprising an effective regulating amount of the compound of claim 1 in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

27. A pharmaceutical composition for control of cellular processes regulated by retinoic acid, vitamin D, or thyroid hormone, comprising an effective regulating amount of the compound of claim 3 in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

28. A method for treating an individual afflicted with a disease caused by malfunction of cell differentiation processes regulated by retinoids, thyroid hormone, vitamin D, or 9-cis-retinoic acid, comprising administering to the individual a therapeutically effective amount of the compound of claim 1 or a pharmaceutical composition thereof.

29. A method for treating an individual afflicted with a disease caused by malfunction of cell differentiation processes regulated by retinoids, thyroid hormone, vitamin D, or 9-cis-retinoic acid, comprising administering to the individual a therapeutically effective amount of the compound of claim 3 or a pharmaceutical composition thereof.

30. The compound of claim 21, wherein X.sup.1 and X.sup.2 are both O.

31. A pharmaceutical composition for control of cellular processes regulated by retinoic acid, vitamin D, or thyroid hormone, comprising an effective regulating amount of the compound of claim 30 in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

32. A method for treating an individual afflicted with a disease caused by malfunction of cell differentiation processes regulated by retinoids, thyroid hormone, or vitamin D, comprising administering to the individual a therapeutically effective amount of the compound of claim 30, or a pharmaceutical composition thereof.
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