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Details for Patent: 5,811,127

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Details for Patent: 5,811,127

Title: Desferrioxamine oral delivery system
Abstract:Modified amino acids and methods for their preparation and use as oral delivery systems for pharmaceutical agents are described. The modified amino acids are preparable by reacting single amino acids or mixtures of two or more kinds of amino acids with an amino modifying agent such as benzene sulfonyl chloride, benzoyl chloride, and hippuryl chloride. The modified amino acids may form encapsulating microspheres in the presence of the active agent under sphere-forming conditions. Alternatively, the modified amino acids may be used as a carrier by simply mixing the amino acids with the active agent. The preferred acylated amino acid carrier is salicyloyl-phenylalanine. The modified amino acids are particularly useful in delivering biologically active agents, e.g., desferrioxamine, insulin or cromolyn sodium, or other agents which are sensitive to the denaturing conditions of the gastrointestinal tract.
Inventor(s): Milstein; Sam J. (Larchmont, NY), Barantsevitch; Evgueni N. (New Rochelle, NY)
Assignee: Emisphere Technologies, Inc. (Hawthorne, NY)
Filing Date:Apr 24, 1996
Application Number:08/635,921
Claims:1. A composition of matter comprising:

(a) a biologically active agent selected from the group consisting of desferrioxamine, insulin and cromolyn sodium; and

(b) an acylated amino acid carrier.

(b) an acylated amino acid carrier.

2. The composition as defined in claim 1 wherein said biologically active agent is desferrioxamine.

3. The composition as defined in claim 1 wherein said biologically active agent is insulin.

4. The composition as defined in claim 1 wherein said biologically active agent is cromolyn sodium.

5. The composition as defined in claim 1 wherein said acylated amino acid carrier comprises salicyloyl-phenylalanine.

6. The composition as defined in claim 2 wherein said acylated amino acid carrier comprises salicyloyl-phenylalanine.

7. The composition as defined in claim 3 wherein said acylated amino acid carrier comprises salicyloyl-phenylalanine.

8. The composition as defined in claim 4 wherein said acylated amino acid carrier comprises salicyloyl-phenylalanine.

9. A pharmaceutical composition comprising;

(a) a biologically active agent selected from the group consisting of desferrioxamine, insulin and cromolyn sodium;

(b) an acylated amino acid carrier; and

(c) a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or diluent.

10. The pharmaceutical composition as defined in claim 9 wherein said biologically active agent is desferrioxamine.

11. The pharmaceutical composition as defined in claim 9 wherein said biologically active agent is insulin.

12. The pharmaceutical composition as defined in claim 9 wherein said biologically active agent is cromolyn sodium.

13. The pharmaceutical composition as defined in claim 9 wherein said acylated amino acid carrier comprises salicyloyl-phenylalanine.

14. The pharmaceutical composition as defined in claim 10 wherein said acylated amino acid carrier comprises salicyloyl-phenylalanine.

15. The pharmaceutical composition as defined in claim 11 wherein said acylated amino acid carrier comprises salicyloyl-phenylalanine.

16. The pharmaceutical composition as defined in claim 12 wherein said acylated amino acid carrier comprises salicyloyl-phenylalanine.

17. A method of lowering iron concentration in a mammal comprising orally administering a composition as defined in claim 2.

18. A method of lowering iron concentration in a mammal comprising orally administering a composition as defined in claim 6.

19. A method of treating diabetes in a mammal in need of such treatment comprising orally administering a composition as defined in claim 3.

20. A method of treating diabetes in a mammal in need of such treatment comprising orally administering a composition as defined in claim 7.

21. A method of treating respiratory afflictions in a mammal in need of such treatment comprising orally administering a composition as defined in claim 4.

22. A method of treating respiratory afflictions in a mammal in need of such treatment comprising orally administering a composition as defined in claim 8.

23. A dosage unit form comprising

(A) a pharmacological composition as defined in claim 9; and

(B)

(a) an excipient,

(b) a diluent,

(c) a disintegrant,

(d) a lubricant,

(e) a plasticizer,

(f) a colorant,

(g) a dosing vehicle, or

(h) any combination thereof.
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