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Details for Patent: 5,783,215

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Details for Patent: 5,783,215

Title: Pharmaceutical preparation
Abstract:Controlled release beads containing a core around which is a drug-containing layer e.g. a layer containing furosemid and a process for their preparation and their use in a pharmaceutical preparation. The controlled release beads have excellent mechanical and release characteristics.
Inventor(s): Arwidsson; Hans (Mariefred, SE), Stubberud; Lars (Sodertalje, SE)
Assignee: Astra Aktiebolag (Sodertalie, SE)
Filing Date:Jun 22, 1995
Application Number:08/464,773
Claims:1. A controlled release bead or multiple thereof having a size varying between 0.2-3.0 mm, comprising:

(a) a multiple of a core unit of an insoluble or soluble inert material of a size of 0.1-2 mm;

(b) a first layer on the core unit comprising an active ingredient dispersed in a hydrophilic polymer; wherein the ratio of the active ingredient to the hydrophilic polymer is in the range of from about 10:1 to about 1:1, and the ratio of the active ingredient to the inert insoluble or soluble core is in the range of from about 5:1 to about 1:2;

(c) an optional second layer of hydrophilic polymer covering the first layer; and

(d) an outermost membrane layer effective for controlled release of the active ingredient;

the bead or multiplicity thereof exhibiting improved mechanical and release properties so as to withstand alteration in terms of bioavailability and clinical efficacy due to compaction into a multiple unit tablet.

2. The controlled release bead or multiple thereof according to claim 1 wherein the ratio of the active ingredient to hydrophilic polymer is in the range of from 5:1 to about 1:1.

3. Controlled release beads according to claim 1, wherein the cores have a size of 0.1-0.3 mm.

4. The controlled release bead or multiple thereof according to claim 3, wherein the core unit comprises as a first layer the active ingredient dispersed in a hydrophilic polymer; and an outer membrane for controlled release.

5. The controlled release bead or multiplicity thereof according to claim 4, wherein the hydrophilic polymer is polyvinyl pyrrolidone.

6. The controlled release bead or multiplicity thereof according to claim 1, wherein the beads have a size of 0.2-1.5 mm.

7. The controlled release bead or multiplicity thereof according to claim 4, wherein the active substance is furosemid.

8. A process for preparation of the controlled release bead or multiple thereof according to claim 1, comprising the steps of:

(a) dispersing the active ingredient having a particle size of less than 100 .mu.m in a solution of a hydrophilic polymer

(b) spraying a first layer of the dispersal of active ingredient in hydrophilic polymer onto the insoluble inert core unit or multiple thereof, and

(c) spraying the outer membrane for controlled release onto the first layer.

9. A process according to claim 8, wherein the hydrophilic polymer is polyvinyl pyrrolidone.

10. A pharmaceutical preparation comprising controlled release beads according to claim 1, optionally together with pharmaceutically acceptable excipients.

11. A pharmaceutical preparation according to claim 10, wherein the active substance is furosemid.

12. A pharmaceutical preparation according to any one of claims 10 or 11, wherein the amount of active substance is in the range 20-100 mg.

13. A pharmaceutical preparation according to claim 12, wherein the amount of active substance is in the range 30-60 mg.

14. The pharmaceutical preparation according to claim 10, wherein the beads have improved properties so as to resist alterations in terms of bioavailability and clinical efficacy during compaction into tablets.

15. A pharmaceutical preparation according to claim 14, wherein the ratio of active substances to hydrophilic polymer is of from about 5:1 to about 1:1 and the ratio of active substance to inert non-soluble core particles is of from about 2:1 to about 1:2.

16. A pharmaceutical preparation according to claim 15, wherein the ratio of active substance to hydrophilic polymer is of from about 2:1 to about 1:1 and the ratio of active substance to inert non-soluble core particles is of from about 2:1 to about 1:2.

17. A pharmaceutical preparation according to claim 12, in the form of capsules.

18. A pharmaceutical preparation according to claim 17, wherein the ratio of active substance to hydrophilic polymer is of from about 10:1 to about 5:1 and the ratio of active substance to inert non-soluble core particles is of from about 2:1 to about 1:2.

19. A pharmaceutical preparation according to claims 10-18 which is administered orally.

20. A process for the manufacture of a pharmaceutical preparation according to claim 14, wherein the cores are compressed into tablets by mixing with additives.

21. A method for the treatment of hypertension, oedemas and congestive heart failure wherein a pharmaceutical preparation according to claim 10-19 is administered to a host in the need of such treatment.

22. The process according to claim 8, wherein a second layer of the hydrophilic polymer is sprayed onto the first layer before adding the controlled release membrane onto the bead core unit.
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