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Details for Patent: 5,734,034

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Details for Patent: 5,734,034

Title: Nucleic acid ligand inhibitors of human neutrophil elastase
Abstract:Methods are described for the identification and preparation of nucleic acid ligands to human neutrophil elastase. Included in the invention are specific RNA and DNA ligands to elastase identified by the SELEX method.
Inventor(s): Jayasena; Sumedha D. (Boulder, CO), Gold; Larry (Boulder, CO)
Assignee: NeXstar Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Boulder, CO)
Filing Date:May 16, 1995
Application Number:08/441,828
Claims:1. A nucleic acid ligand to elastase identified according to a method comprising the steps of:

a) contacting a candidate mixture of nucleic acids with elastase, wherein nucleic acids having an increased affinity to elastase relative to the candidate mixture may be partitioned from the remainder of the candidate mixture;

b) partitioning the increased affinity nucleic acids from the remainder of the candidate mixture; and

c) amplifying the increased affinity nucleic acids to yield a ligand-enriched mixture of nucleic acids, whereby a nucleic acid ligand to elastase may be identified.

2. A purified and isolated non-naturally occurring RNA ligand to elastase.

3. The RNA ligand of claim 2 wherein said ligand is selected from the group consisting of the sequences set forth in Table 1.

4. The RNA ligand of claim 2 wherein said ligand is comprised of 2'-amino (2'-NH.sub.2) modified nucleotides.

5. A purified and isolated non-naturally occurring DNA ligand to elastase.

6. The DNA ligand of claim 5 wherein said ligand is selected from the group consisting of the sequences set forth in Table 6.

7. A purified and isolated non-naturally occurring nucleic acid ligand to elastase identified according to a method comprising the steps of:

a) contacting a candidate mixture of nucleic acids with elastase, wherein nucleic acids having an increased affinity to elastase relative to the candidate mixture may be partitioned from the remainder of the candidate mixture;

b) partitioning the increased affinity nucleic acids from the remainder of the candidate mixture; and

c) amplifying the increased affinity nucleic acid to yield a ligand enriched mixture of nucleic acids, whereby a nucleic acid ligand to elastase may be identified.

8. The nucleic acid ligand of claim 1 which is a ribonucleic acid ligand.

9. The RNA ligand of claim 8 wherein said ligand is selected from the group consisting of the sequences set forth in Table 1.

10. The RNA ligand of claim 8 wherein said ligand is comprised of 2'-amino (2'-NH.sub.2) modified nucleotides.

11. The nucleic acid ligand of claim 1 which is a deoxyribonucleic acid ligand.

12. The DNA ligand of claim 11 wherein said ligand is selected from the group consisting of the sequences set forth in Table 6.
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