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Details for Patent: 5,728,575

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Details for Patent: 5,728,575

Title: Method of resolution of 1,3-oxathiolane nucleoside enantiomers
Abstract:A process for the resolution of a racemic mixture of nucleoside enantiomers that includes the step of exposing the racemic mixture to an enzyme that preferentially catalyzes a reaction in one of the enantiomers. The nucleoside enantiomer (-)-2-hydroxymethyl-5-(5-fluorocytosin-1-yl)-1,3-oxathiolane is an effective antiviral agent against HIV, HBV, and other viruses replicating in a similar manner.
Inventor(s): Liotta; Dennis C. (Stone Mountain, GA), Choi; Woo-Baeg (North Brunswick, NJ)
Assignee: Emory University (Atlanta, GA)
Filing Date:Jun 07, 1995
Application Number:08/485,318
Claims:1. A method for the resolution of a racemic mixture of .beta.-2-hydroxymethal-5-(cytosin-1-yl)-1,3-oxathiolane, comprising the step of selectively hydrolzing a 5'-O-acyl derivative of the racemic mixture of the nucleoside with an enzyme selected from the group consisting of pig liver esterase, porcine pancreatic lipase, and subtilisin.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the enzyme is pig liver esterase.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein the enzyme is porcine pancreatic lipase.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein the enzyme is subtilisin.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein the 5'-O-acyl group is the residue of an alkyl carboxylic acid selected from the group consisting of acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, and pentanoic acid.

6. A method for the resolution of a racemic mixture of .beta.-2',3'-dideoxy-3'-thia-5fluorocytidine comprising the step of selectively hydrolyzing a 5'-O-acyl derivative of the racemic mixture of the nucleoside with an enzyme selected from the group consisting of pig liver esterase, porcine pancreatic lipase, and subtilisin.

7. The method of claim 6, wherein the enzyme is pig liver esterase.

8. The method of claim 6, wherein the enzyme is porcine pancreatic lipase.

9. The method of claim 6, wherein the enzyme is subtilisin.

10. The method of claim 1, wherein the 5'-O-acyl group is the residue of an alkyl carboxylic acid selected from the group consisting of acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, and pentanoic acid.
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