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|Title:||19-nor vitamin D compounds|
|Abstract:||This invention provides a novel class of vitamin D-related compounds, namely the 1.alpha.-hydroxy-19-nor-vitamin D analogs, as well as a general method for their chemical synthesis. The compounds exhibit pronounced activity in arresting the proliferation of undifferentiated cells, including malignant cells, and in inducing their differentiation, and thus represent novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of malignant and other diseases characterized by the proliferative growth of undifferentiated cells. Formulations for therapeutic use and treatment methods are also provided.|
|Inventor(s):||DeLuca; Hector F. (Deerfield, WI), Schnoes; Heinrich K. (Madison, WI), Perlman; Kato L. (Madison, WI), Sicinski; Rafal R. (Warsaw, PL), Prahl; Jean Martin (Madison, WI)|
|Assignee:||Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (Madison, WI)|
|Filing Date:||Nov 17, 1995|
|Claims:||1. A compound having the formula ##STR9## where R is a side chain selected from the group consisting of alkyl, hydrogen, hydroxyalkyl, fluoroalkyl and a side chain of the formula ##STR10## wherein R.sup.1 represents hydrogen, hydroxy or O-acyl, R.sup.2 and R.sup.3 are each selected from the group consisting of alkyl, hydroxyalkyl and fluoroalkyl, or, when taken together represent the group--(CH.sub.2).sub.m --where m is an integer having a value of from 2 to 5, R.sup.4 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, hydroxy, fluorine, O-acyl, alkyl, hydroxyalkyl and fluoroalkyl, R.sup.5 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, fluorine, alkyl, hydroxyalkyl and fluoroalkyl, or, R.sup.4 and R.sup.5 taken together represent double-bonded oxygen, R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 are each selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, hydroxy, O-acyl, fluorine and alkyl, or, R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 taken together form a carbon-carbon double bond, and wherein n is an integer having a value of from 1 to 5 and wherein any of the groups --CH(CH.sub.3)--, --CH(R.sup.7)--, or --CH(R.sup.6)-- at positions 20, 22 and 23, respectively, may be replaced by an oxygen atom, Q represents an alkyl, X is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, acyl, alkylsilyl and alkoxyalkyl and Y is selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, hydrogen and protected hydroxy where the protecting group is acyl, alkylsilyl or alkoxyalkyl. |
2. The compounds of claim 1 where R is a side chain of the formula ##STR11## Q is methyl and X is acyl.
3. The compounds of claim 1 where R is a side chain of the formula ##STR12## Q is methyl and X is acyl.
4. The compounds of claim 1 where R is a side chain of the formula ##STR13## Q is methyl and X is acyl.
5. The compounds of claim 1 where R is a side chain of the formula ##STR14## Q is methyl and X is acyl.
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