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Details for Patent: 5,705,703

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Details for Patent: 5,705,703

Title: Catechol derivatives
Abstract:Catechol derivatives of the formula ##STR1## wherein Ra, Rb and Rc have the significance given herein. the ester and ether derivatives thereof which are hydrolyzable under physiological conditions and the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof are described and possess valuable pharmacological properties. In particular, they inhibit the enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), a soluble, magnesium-dependent enzyme which catalyses the transference of the methyl group of S-adenosylmethionine to a catechol substrate, whereby the corresponding methyl ethers are formed. Suitable substrates which can be O-methylated by COMT and which can thus be deactivated are, for example, extraneuronal catecholamines and exogeneously-administered therapeutically active substances having a catechol structure. Formula Ia above embraces not only compounds which form part of the invention, but also known compounds: the compounds which form part of the invention can be prepared according to known methods.
Inventor(s): Bernauer; Karl (Oberwil, CH), Borgulya; Janos (Basel, CH), Bruderer; Hans (Biel-Benken, CH), Prada; Mose Da (Riehen, CH), Zurcher; Gerhard (Basel, CH)
Assignee: Hoffmann-La Roche Inc. (Nutley, NJ)
Filing Date:Jan 21, 1997
Application Number:08/784,554
Claims:1. A compound of the formula ##STR24## wherein Ra is nitro or cyano, Rb is hydrogen or halogen, Rc' is a) --CO--COR.sup.31 and R.sup.31 is hydroxy, amino, a substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue attached via an oxygen atom or an imino or lower alkylimino group or a saturated, N-containing heterocyclic group attached via a ring nitrogen atom;

b) --COR.sup.21 and R.sup.21 is a substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue; or

c) --(A).sub.n --COR.sup.31 and A is vinylene unsubstituted or substituted by lower alkyl, n is 1, and R.sup.31 is amino, a substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue attached via an oxygen atom or an imino or lower alkylamino group or a saturated, N-containing heterocyclic group attached via a ring nitrogen atom

or an ester or ether derivative thereof which is hydrolyzable under physiological conditions or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

2. A compound, according to claim 1, wherein Rb is para to Ra.

3. A compound, according to claim 2, wherein Ra is nitro.

4. A compound, according to claim 3, wherein Rb is hydrogen, chlorine or fluorine.

5. A compound, according to claim 4, wherein Rb is hydrogen.

6. A compound, according to claim 5, wherein Rc' is --CO--COR.sup.31 and R.sup.31 is hydroxy, amino, a substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue attached via an oxygen atom or an imino or lower alkylimino group or a saturated, N-containing heterocyclic group attached via a ring nitrogen atom.

7. A compound, according to claim 6, wherein R.sup.31 is a substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue attached via an oxygen atom.

8. A compound, according to claim 7, wherein the substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue is lower alkyl unsubstituted or substituted by lower cycloalkyl or cycloalkenyl groups, lower alkenyl unsubstituted or substituted by lower cycloalkyl or cycloalkenyl groups, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl unsubstituted or substituted by lower alkyl groups, C.sub.8-10 -bicycloalkyl unsubstituted or substituted by lower alkyl groups, or lower cycloalkenyl unsubstituted or substituted by lower alkyl groups.

9. A compound, according to claim 7, wherein the substituted or unsubstituted saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue is methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, s-butyl, i-butyl or t-butyl.

10. A compound, according to claim 9, wherein the substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue is mono- or disubstituted with at least one of hydroxy, cyano, nitro, halogen, amino, lower alkylamino, di(lower alkyl)amino, lower alkoxy, lower alkoxycarbonyl, aryl, arylaminocarbonyl, arylcarbonyl, arylcarbonylamino, lower alkanoyloxy, lower alkanoyl, carbamoyl, mono- or di(lower alkyl)carbamoyl, lower alkylenedioxy, trifluoromethyl, carboxy, lower alkanoylamino, lower alkoxycarbonylamino, or lower alkylthio.

11. A compound, according to claim 9, ethyl 3,4-dihydroxy-5-nitrophenylglyoxalate.

12. A compound, according to claim 5, wherein Rc' is --COR.sup.21 and R.sup.21 is a substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue.

13. A compound, according to claim 12, wherein the substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue is lower alkyl unsubstituted or substituted by lower cycloakyl or cycloalkenyl groups, lower alkenyl unsubstituted or substituted by lower cycloalkyl or cycloalkenyl groups, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl unsubstituted or substituted by lower alkyl groups, C.sub.8-10 -bicycloalkyl unsubstituted or substituted by lower alkyl groups, or lower cycloalkenyl unsubstituted or substituted by lower alkyl groups.

14. A compound, according to claim 13, wherein R.sup.21 is methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, s-butyl, i-butyl or t-butyl.

15. A compound, according to claim 14, wherein the substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue is mono- or disubstituted with at least one of hydroxy, cyano, nitro, halogen, amino, lower alkylamino, di(lower alkyl)amino, lower alkoxy, lower alkoxycarbonyl, aryl, arylaminocarbonyl, arylcarbonyl, arylcarbonylamino, lower alkanoyloxy, lower alkanoyl, carbamoyl, mono- or di(lower alkyl)carbamoyl, lower alkylenedioxy, trifluoromethyl, carboxy, lower alkanoylamino, lower alkoxycarbonylamino, or lower alkylthio.

16. A compound, according to claim 14, 3',4'-dihydroxy-5'-nitrobutyrophenone.

17. A compound, according to claim 5, wherein Rc' is --A.sub.n--COR.sup.31 and A is vinylene unsubstituted or substituted by lower alkyl, n is l, and R.sup.31 is amino, a substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue attached via an oxygen atom or an imino or lower alkylamino group or a saturated, N-containing heterocyclic group attached via a ring nitrogen atom.

18. A compound, according to claim 17, wherein R.sup.31 is a substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue attached via an oxygen atom.

19. A compound, according to claim 18, wherein the substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue is lower alkyl unsubstituted or unsubstituted by lower cycloalkyl or cycloalkenyl groups, lower alkenyl unsubstituted or substituted by lower cycloalkyl or cycloalkenyl groups, C.sub.3-7 cycloalkyl unsubstituted or substituted by lower alkyl groups, C.sub.8-10 -bicycloalkyl unsubstituted or substituted by lower alkyl groups, or lower cycloalkenyl unsubstituted or substituted by lower alkyl groups.

20. A compound, according to claim 19, wherein the saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue is methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, s-butyl, i-butyl or t-butyl.

21. A compound, according to claim 20, wherein the substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or partially unsaturated lower hydrocarbon residue is mono- or disubstituted with at least one of hydroxy, cyano, nitro, halogen, amino, lower alkylamino, di(lower alkyl)amino, lower alkoxy, lower alkoxycarbonyl, aryl, arylaminocarbonyl, arylcarbonyl, arylcarbonylamino, lower alkanoyloxy, lower alkanoyl, carbamoyl, mono- or di(lower alkyl)carbamoyl, lower alkylenedioxy, trifluoromethyl, carboxy, lower alkanoylamino, lower alkoxycarbonylamino, or lower alkylthio.
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