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Details for Patent: 5,700,811

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Details for Patent: 5,700,811

Title: Potent inducers of terminal differentiation and method of use thereof
Abstract:This invention is directed to compounds having the structure: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are independently the same as or different from each other; when R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are the same, each is a substituted or unsubstituted arylamino, cycloalkylamino, pyridineamino, piperidino, 9-purine-6-amine or thiazoleamino group; when R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are different, R.sub.1 =R.sub.3 --N--R.sub.4, and n is an integer from about 4 to about 8. This invention also provides a method of selectively inducing terminal differentiation of neoplastic cells and thereby inhibiting proliferation of such cells. The invention further provides pharmaceutical compositions comprising a therapeutically effective amount of the compounds of the present invention and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.
Inventor(s): Breslow; Ronald (Englewood, NJ), Marks; Paul A. (Washington, CT), Rifkind; Richard A. (New York, NY)
Assignee: Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research (New York, NY)
Filing Date:May 19, 1994
Application Number:08/246,363
Claims:1. A compound having the structure: ##STR135## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

2. A compound having the structure: ##STR136## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

3. A compound having the structure: ##STR137## wherein R is a substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, piperidine or thiazole group and n is an integer from about 4 to about 8 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

4. The compound of claim 3, wherein R is a substituted phenyl group.

5. The compound of claim 4, wherein the phenyl group is substituted with a methyl, cyano, nitro, thio, trifluoromethyl, amino, aminocarbonyl, methylcyano, chloro, fluoro, bromo, iodo, 2,3-difluoro, 2,4-difluoro, 2,5-difluoro, 3,4-difluoro, 3,5-difluoro, 2,6-difluoro, 1,2,3-trifluoro, 2,3,6-trifluoro, 2,4,6-trifluoro, 3,4,5-trifluoro, 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro, 2,3,4,5,6-pentafluoro, azido, hexyl, t-butyl, phenyl, carboxyl, hydroxyl, methyoxy, phenyloxy, benzyloxy, phenylaminooxy, phenylaminocarbonyl, methyoxycarbonyl, methylaminocarbonyl, dimethylamino, dimethylaminocarbonyl, or hydroxylaminocarbonyl group.

6. A compound having the structure: ##STR138## wherein R is a substituted or unsubstitued 2-pyridine, 3-pyridine, or 4-pyridine and n is an integer from about 4 to about 8 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

7. A compound having the structure: ##STR139## wherein R is a substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, pyridine, piperidine or thiazole group and n is an integer from about 4 to about 8 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

8. The compound of claim 7, wherein R is a substituted phenyl group.

9. The compound of claim 8, wherein the phenyl group is substituted with a methyl, cyano, nitro, thio, trifluoromethyl, amino, aminocarbonyl, methylcyano, chloro, fluoro, bromo, iodo, 2,3-difluoro, 2,4-difluoro, 2,5-difluoro, 3,4-difluoro, 3,5-difluoro, 2,6-difluoro, 1,2,3-trifluoro, 2,3,6-trifluoro, 2,4,6-trifluoro, 3,4,5-trifluoro, 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro, 2,3,4,5,6-pentafluoro, azido, hexyl, t-butyl, phenyl, carboxyl, hydroxyl, methyoxy, phenyloxy, benzyloxy, phenylaminooxy, phenylaminocarbonyl , methyoxycarbonyl, methylaminocarbonyl, dimethylamino, dimethylaminocarbonyl, or hydroxylaminocarbonyl group.

10. The compound of claim 7 having the structure: ##STR140## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

11. The compound of claim 9 having the structure: ##STR141## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

12. A method of selectively inducing terminal differentiation of neoplastic cells and thereby inhibiting proliferation of such cells which comprises contacting the cells under suitable conditions with an effective amount of the compound of claim 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, or 10 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, effective to selectively induce terminal differentiation.

13. A method of treating a patient having a tumor characterized by proliferation of neoplastic cells which comprises administering to the patient an effective amount of the compound of claim 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, or 10 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, effective to selectively induce terminal differentiation of such neoplastic cells and thereby inhibit their proliferation.

14. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and a therapeutically effective amount of the compound of claim 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, or 10 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

15. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 14, wherein the effective amount is an amount effective to selectively induce terminal differentiation of suitable neoplastic cells and less than an amount which causes toxicity in a patient.

16. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 14 in combination with an antitumor agent.

17. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 14 in sustained release form.

18. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 16 in sustained release form.
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