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|Title:||Nucleic acid ligands|
|Abstract:||A new class of nucleic acid compounds, referred to as nucleic acid ligands, have been shown to exist that have a specific binding affinity for three dimensional molecular targets. In a preferred embodiment the ligands are identified by the method of the invention referred to as the Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment (SELEX), wherein a candidate mixture of nucleic acids are iteratively enriched in high affinity nucleic acids and amplified for further partitioning.|
|Inventor(s):||Gold; Larry (Boulder, CO), Tuerk; Craig (Boulder, CO)|
|Assignee:||NeXstar Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Boulder, CO)|
|Filing Date:||Mar 24, 1995|
|Claims:||1. A nucleic acid ligand comprised of a non-naturally occurring nucleic acid having a specific binding affinity for a target molecule, such target molecule being a three dimensional chemical structure other than a polynucleotide that binds to said nucleic acid ligand through a mechanism which predominantly depends on Watson/Crick base pairing or triple helix binding, wherein said nucleic acid ligand is not a nucleic acid having the known physiological function of being bound by the target molecule obtained by the process of identifying a nucleic acid ligand of a target from a candidate mixture of nucleic acids comprised of nucleic acids each having a region of randomized sequence, said process comprising: |
(a) contacting the candidate mixture with the target molecule, wherein nucleic acids having an increased affinity to the target relative to the candidate mixture may be partitioned from the remainder of the candidate mixture;
(b) partitioning the increased affinity nucleic acids from the remainder of the candidate mixture; and
(c) amplifying the increased affinity nucleic acids to yield a ligand-enriched mixture of nucleic acids, whereby a nucleic acid ligand of the target compound may be identified.
2. The nucleic acid ligand of claim 1 wherein said target molecule is a protein.
3. The nucleic acid ligand of claim 1 wherein said nucleic acid ligand is selected from the group consisting of single-stranded RNA, double-stranded RNA, single-stranded DNA and double-stranded DNA.
4. The nucleic acid ligand of claim 1 wherein said nucleic acid ligand is single-stranded.
5. The nucleic acid ligand of claim 4 wherein said nucleic acid ligand is RNA.
6. The nucleic acid ligand of claim 4 wherein said nucleic acid ligand is DNA.
7. The nucleic acid ligand of claim 1 wherein said nucleic acid ligand is double-stranded.
8. The nucleic acid ligand of claim 7 wherein said nucleic acid ligand is RNA.
9. The nucleic acid ligand of claim 7 wherein said nucleic acid ligand is DNA.
10. The nucleic acid ligand of claim 1, wherein said candidate mixture is prepared by synthesis from a template comprising a region of conserved sequence and a region of randomized and/or biased sequence.
11. The nucleic acid of claim 1 wherein said candidate mixture comprises nucleic acids each comprising a region of conserved sequence and a region of randomized sequence.
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