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|Title:||Methods for coating invasive devices with inhibitors of thrombin|
|Abstract:||This invention relates to novel biologically active molecules which bind to and inhibit thrombin. Specifically, these molecules are characterized by a thrombin anion-binding exosite association moiety (ABEAM); a linker portion of at least 18 .ANG. in length; and a thrombin catalytic site-directed moiety (CSDM). This invention also relates to compositions, combinations and methods which employ these molecules for therapeutic, prophylactic and diagnostic purposes.|
|Inventor(s):||Maraganore; John M. (Concord, MA), Fenton, II; John W. (Malden Bridge, NY), Kline; Toni (Cambridge, MA)|
|Assignee:||Biogen, Inc. (Cambridge, MA)|
|Filing Date:||May 11, 1995|
|Claims:||1. A method for coating the surface of an invasive device to be inserted into a patient, said method comprising the step of contacting said surface with a composition wherein said composition comprises |
a) a thrombin inhibitor consisting of
i. a catalytic site-directed moiety that binds to and inhibits the active site of thrombin wherein said catalytic site-directed moiety is selected from general serine proteinase inhibitors, heterocyclic protease inhibitors, thrombin-specific inhibitors, transition state analogues, benzamidine, DAPA, NAPAP, argipidine, or moieties of the formulae:
wherein X is hydrogen or is characterized by a backbone chain consisting of from 1 to 35 atoms; A.sub.1 is Arg, Lys or Orn; A.sub.2 is a non-amide bond; A.sub.3 is characterized by a backbone chain consisting of from 1 to 9 atoms; Y is a bond; C.sub.1 is a derivative of Arg, Lys or Orn comprising a carboxylate moiety that is reduced, or displaced from the .alpha.-carbon by a structure characterized by a backbone chain of from 1 to 10 atoms; and C.sub.2 is a non-cleavable bond;
ii. a linker moiety characterized by a backbone chain having a calculated length of between 18 .ANG. and 42 .ANG.; and
iii. an anion binding exosite associating moiety;
said catalytic site-directed moiety being bound to said linked moiety and said linker moiety being bound to said anion binding exosite moiety; and
b) a buffer suitable to promote the binding of said thrombin inhibitor to said invasive device.
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said anion binding exosite moiety consists of the formula:
wherein W is a bond; B.sub.1 is an anionic amino acid; B.sub.2 is any amino acid; B.sub.3 is Ile, Val, Leu, Nle or Phe; B.sub.4 is Pro, Hyp, 3,4-dehydroPro, thiazolidine-4-carboxylate, Sar, any N-methyl amino acid or D-Ala; B.sub.5 is an anionic amino acid; B.sub.6 is an anionic amino acid; B.sub.7 is a lipophilic amino acid selected from the group consisting Tyr, Trp, Phe, Leu, Nle, Ile, Val, Cha, Pro, or a dipeptide consisting of one of these lipophilic amino acids and any amino acid; B.sub.8 is a bond or a peptide containing form one to five residues of any amino acid; and Z is a carboxy terminal residue selected from OH, C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkoxy, amino, mono- or di-(C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkyl substituted amino or benzylamino.
3. The method inhibitor according to claim 2, wherein B.sub.1 is Glu; B.sub.2 is Glu; B.sub.3 is Ile; B.sub.4 is Pro; B.sub.5 is Glu; B.sub.6 is Glu; B.sub.7 is Tyr-Leu, Tyr(SO.sub.3 H)-Leu, Tyr(OSO.sub.3 H)-Leu or (3-, 5-diiodoTyr)-Leu; B.sub.8 is a bond; and Z is OH.
4. The method inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein said backbone chain of said linker moiety consists of any combination of atoms selected from the group consisting of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen.
5. The method inhibitor according to claim 4, wherein said linker comprises the amino acid sequence: Gly-Gly-Gly-Asn-Gly-Asp-Phe.
6. The method inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein said catalytic site-directed moiety binds reversibly to and is slowly cleaved by thrombin.
7. The method inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein said catalytic site-directed moiety binds reversibly to and cannot be cleaved by thrombin.
8. The method inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein said catalytic site-directed moiety binds irreversibly to thrombin.
9. The method inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein X is D-Phe-Pro; A.sub.1 is Arg; and A.sub.3 is D-Pro, Pro, or Sar.
10. The method inhibitor according to claim 9, wherein said thrombin inhibitor is selected from the group consisting of Hirulog-8 and Hirulog-12.
11. The method inhibitor according to claim 1, wherein X is N-acetyl-Gly-Asp-Phe-Leu-Ala-Glu-Gly-Gly-Gly-Val; A.sub.1 is Arg; and A.sub.3 is Pro, said thrombin inhibitor being Hirulog-33.
12. The method inhibitor according to claim 1, selected from the group consisting of Hirulog-18a and Hirulog-18b.
13. The method inhibitor according to claim 2, wherein said linker moiety is characterized by a backbone chain having a calculated length of between about 18 .ANG. and 36 .ANG. and is selected from the group consisting of an acyl group of from about 17 to 35 carbon atoms, carbobenzyloxy or t-butyloxy carbonyl, an alkyl group of from about 17 to 35 backbone bonds, a peptide containing from about 6 to 12 residues of any amino acid and combinations thereof.
14. The method inhibitor according to claim 3, wherein:
the linker is a peptide of from about 8 to 10 amino acids, the amino acid of said linker which is closest to the anion binding exosite moiety being Phe; and
the catalytic site-directed moiety consists of the formula:
wherein X is selected from the group consisting of D-Phe-Pro and tosyl-Gly; and R is selected from group consisting of Pro, Sar and N-methyl Ala.
15. The method inhibitor according to claim 11, wherein said thrombin inhibitor is Hirulog-33.
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